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自考英语语法复习资料(29)

2007-05-23 16:21   【 】【我要纠错

  (III)主动语态不能改成被动语态的情况

  1.有些动词虽是及物动词,但由于表示的是状态或关系,通常不用于被动语态,常见的这类动词有leave,enter,reach,resemble,suit,lack,benefit等。

  这男孩像他爸爸。The boy resembles his father.

  2.不可拆开的短语动词如:take place,lose heart,belong to,consist of,change colour等短语动词。

  台湾属于中国。Taiwan Island belongs to China.

  3.宾语是a.反身代词,相互代词,同源宾语,不定式,动名词等。

  b.虚词it,如foot it,cab it等。

  c.身体的某一部分如shake one's head等。

  d.某些抽象名词等,如:interest等。

  I. Multiple choice

  1. No permission has ___ for anybody to enter the building.(MET 88)

  A. been given B. given C. to give D. be giving

  2. I ___ ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer.(MET 89)

  A. gave B. was given C. was giving D. had given

  3. The police found that the house ___ and a lot of things ___.(MET90)

  A. has broken into; has been stolen B. had broken into; had been stolen

  C. has been broken into; stolen D. had been broken into; stolen

  4. ——Have you moved into the new house?

  —— Not yet,the rooms ___.(MET 91)

  A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painted

  5. As we joined the big crowd I got ___ from my friends.(NMET 2001)

  A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed

  6. Cleaning women in big cities usually get ___ by the hour.(NMET 98)

  A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay

  7. Great changes ___ in the city,and a lot of factories ___.

  A. have been taken place,have been set up

  B. have taken place,have been set up

  C. have taken place,have set up

  D. were taken place,were set up

  8. The suit's finished,___ it?

  A. doesn't B. isn't C. hasn't D. has

  9. The surface of the table ___ smooth enough.

  A. hasn't felt B. doesn't feel C. isn't feeling D. isn't felt

  10. Such plants never ___ in this part of the world.

  A. have grown B. are growing C. grow D. are grown

  11. These kinds of shoes ___ well.

  A. were not sold B. won't be sold C. are not sold D. don't sell

  12. Text books ___ to come in time.

  A. require B. required C. are required D. are requiring

  13. When the speaker entered the hall,all the listeners ___.

  A. had seated B. were seated C. seated D. were seating

  14. Don't get that ink on your shirt,for it ___.

  A. won't wash out B. won't be washing C. isn't washing out D. doesn't wash out

  15. Tom ___ to work in the office though he didn't like serving there.

  A. wanted B. was wanted C. was wanting D. had wanted

  16. He said he wouldn't mind ___ at home.

  A. leaving alone B. being left alone C. to be left lonely D. to leave alone

  17. Tom was said to ___ Mary for 40 years.

  A. have been married to B. have married with

  C. has bee n married D. had married with

  18. The TV play ___ last night.

  A. was tired out me B. tired out me C. was tired me out D. tired me out

  19. I remember ___ for the job,but I forget the exact amount.

  A. to be paid B. being paid C. to pay D. paying

  20. In front of the hall color flags were ___.

  A. hunged B. hanged C. hang D. hanging

  ************************************:

  1—5 ABDAA 6—10 CBBBC 11—15 DCBAB 16—20 BADBD

  二、翻译下列句子

  1.据说她能讲几种外国语。

  2.城里的大部分街道都拓宽了。

  3.我们不太可能被邀请参加这个聚会。

  4.他应该为他做的是受到惩罚。

  5.这些书是为儿童写的吗?

  6.这本书在他的学校里正在被用作教科书。

  7.更多的人将被派到那儿去帮助工作。

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