您的位置:自考365 > 复习指导 > 笔记串讲 > 公共课 > 英语(一) > 自考“英语(一)”笔记(48)

自考“英语(一)”笔记(48)

2007-04-09 08:46   【 】【我要纠错

  6. The writing of a dictionary is not a task of setting up authoritative statements about the “true meanings”of words,but a task of recording to the best of one's ability,that various words have meant to authors in the distant or immediate past.

  Not…but在本句中的意思是“不是……而是”。如:

  1)What he needs is not money but some understanding. (他所需要的不是钱,而是一些理解。)

  2)The story I have read is not a comedy but a tragedy.(我读的那个故事不是个喜剧而是个悲剧。)

  To the best of one's ability 意思是“尽某人的最大努力”。如:

  1)I'll put the article into Chinese to the best of my ability.(我将尽最大努力把这篇文章翻成中文。)

  2)He promised to do the work to the best of his ability.(他许诺说他会尽最大努力做这个工作。)

  a task of recording what various words have meant to authors…。,what引导宾语从句,做recording 的宾语。Mean意思是“表示……的意思”,“意指”等。如:

  1)What he said means nothing to me.(他所说的对我来说毫无意义。)

  2)What does this word mean?(这个词的意思是什么?)

  我们曾经对mean这个单词做详细讲解,再请看几个例句:

  1)What do you mean by saying that to him?(你对他说那话的意思是什么?)

  2)I didn't mean to make you unhappy.(我不是故事要使你不开心的。)

  3)You know what I meant to say.(你知道我想说的是什么。)

  4)He criticism is meant for all of us.(他的批评是针对我们大家的。)

  7. … but we cannot be bound by it…。

  Bound是动词bind是过去分词,be bound by sth.意思是“受……束缚”,也可用be bound to sth.

  1)We should not be bound by conventions.(我们不应该受习俗的束缚。)

  2)Housework kept her bound to the house.(家务把她束缚在家里。)

  3)The term papers kept him bound to his desk.(学期论文使他终日厌案。)

  本课主要词组

  1. learn… from

  2. in matters of

  3. get into a dispute

  4. dispute over

  5. offer to do sth.

  6. look up

  7. be willing to

  8. quarrel with

  9. be regarded as

  10. arrive at

  11. apply to

  12. go on

  13. begin with

  14. vast amounts of

  15. a large number of

  16. along with

  17. such as

  18. from…to…

  19. stack of

  20. sccording to

  21. hard-and-fast rule

  22. be based on

  23. in front of

  24. be influenced by

  25. ought to

  26. not at all

  27. set up

  28. to the best of one's ability

  29. in the past

  30. send out

  31. force sb. to do sth.

  32. be bound by

  Text B  reading provides necessary survival skills

  短语表达

  1. emphasis on

  The emphasis on education would certainly bring great changes to the people and the country.

  2. be the case

  He said he was the best tennis player in his school, but it was not the case.

  3. involve sth. / doing sth.

  Accepting the job would involve working at weekends.

  4. get an idea about sth.

  Have you got any idea about the whole incident?

  5. expect from

  Don't expect too much from others. You have to learn to depend on yourself.

  6. cue in

  Remember to cue in the headmaster on what happened during his absence.

  7. apply to

  It will be great if we can apply what we have learned in books to practical work.

  8. out of

  The boy opened his sister's mail out of curiosity.

  9. keep up with

  What do you think a scientist has to do to keep up with the latest development in his field?

  10. at top speed

  If you run at top speed, you may get there in 10 minutes.

  11. concentrate on

  You will find it easier to concentrate on the reading material if you read in a quiet place.

  12. be familiar with

  I am mot familiar with the person you mentioned just now.

  13. be aware of

  He was not aware of the danger when he was walking toward the building.

  14. look up

  If you look up the word in the dictionary you will find it has two different pronunciations.

  15. slow down

  You have to slow down or you may get a fine.

  16. be alert to

  Be alert to new words and you will enlarge your vocabulary.

  17. add to

  His explanation added to my confusion.

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(48)

分享到:
  • 站内搜索
  • 课程搜索
  • 试题搜索

热门搜索:教材 报名 查分 免考 考试计划