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自考“英语(一)”笔记(32)

2007-04-06 15:56   【 】【我要纠错

  14.educational  adj. 教育的

  education  n. 教育

  educate   v. 教育

  There are many educational programs on TV. (电视播放很多教育节目。)

  He received a good education when he was young. (他年轻时受过良好的教育。)

  The education of young people is important to the future of a country. (年轻人的教育对于一个国家的未来来说十分重要。)

  He was educated in the United States. (他是在美国受的教育。)

  15. remote  adj. 遥远的,偏僻的;(可能性)很小的

  People came to Beijing from the remotest parts of our country. (人们从祖国最偏远的地方来到北京。)

  He decided to go to a remote mountain area after graduation from the university. (他决定大学毕业后到偏僻的山区去。)

  Can you imagine what will become the world in the remote future? (你能想像在遥远的将来世界会变成什么样吗?)

  There is only a remote possibility to finish it in two days. (在两天内完成的可能性极小。)

  Please give me the remote control. (请把遥控器给我。)

  16. isolate  v. 使隔离

  isolation n. 隔离,孤立

  He isolated himself from the outside world. (他把自己与外部世界隔绝了。)

  The bridge sank and the village was isolated. (桥沉了,那个村子被隔绝了。)

  He doesn't trust anyone and he lives in isolation. (他不信任任何人,过着孤独的生活。)

  17. transportation  n. 运输

  Bike is a convenient means of transportation. (自行车是很方便的运输物品。)

  They used both water and land transportation to send their goods. (他们用水陆两路运输工具。)

  18. instruction  n. 教学,指导;指示,说明

  instruct  v. 命令、指示

  Read the doctor's instruction before taking the medicine. (服药前请看一看医嘱。)

  We will carry out your instructions very soon. (我们将很快执行你的指示。)

  He is giving instruction in English. (他在讲授英语。)

  The teacher instructed her to do more oral practice. (老师指导她多做口头训练。)

  I was instructed to take you to Beijing. (我受命带你去北京。)

  19. risk  v. 冒…的危险

  n. 风险、冒险

  He risked his life in saving the drowning child. (他冒着生命危险救那个溺水儿童。)

  I don't want to risk my life to find out whether he told the truth. (我不想冒丧命的危险去查证他是否说了真话。)

  It must be done at any risk. (不管冒什么危险,这事必须完成。)

  He is unwilling to run the risk of losing his money. (他不愿意冒丧失金钱的危险。)

  20. privacy  n. 私事;隐私;独处

  private  adj. 私人的

  A person should have some privacy. (一个人应有自己的隐私。)

  She likes to live in privacy. (她喜欢清静地独居。)

  They are having a private conversation. (他们在密谈。)

  This is only my private opinion. (这只是我的个人意见。)

  21. contact  n. 接触,联系

  v. 与…接触

  They have lost contact for many years. (他们失去联系已有多年了。)

  We have to get into contact with him as soon as possible. (我们得尽快跟他取得联系。)

  Contact me by telephone. (跟我电话联系。)

  He contacted the control tower by radio. (他用无线电与指挥塔取得了联系。)

  22. application  n. 申请;应用

  apply  v. 申请;实施

  Please fill in the application form. (请填申请表。)

  The company rejected his application. (公司拒绝了他的申请。)

  It is important to put the theory into application. (把理论应用起来很重要。)

  He applied for party membership. (他申请入党了。)

  We are trying to apply book knowledge to real work. (我们正努力把书本知识运用于实际工作中。)

  本课主要构词法

  conversion (转类法)

  orbit (n.)——(v.)

  telegraph (n.)——(v.)     broadcast (n.)——(v.)

  channel (n.)——(v.)      risk (n.)——(v.)

  contact (n.)——(v.)       harm (n.)——(v.)

  affixation (词缀法)

  1. 名词后缀-ation

  application

  conversation

  transportation

  communication

  2. 形容词后缀-al

  personal

  educational

  本课主要词组及语法要点

  词组:

  1. a group of       2. by blood / marriage

  3. descend from      4. think of…as

  5. mean doing sth.     6. know little about

  7. sense of        8. come from

  9. consist of       10. the center of

  11. from…to        12. move away from

  13. in order to      14. care for

  15. take care of      16. split up

  17. the result of     18. talk of

  19. be able to       20. in…age

  语法:

  1.注意掌握副词放在句首做状语,修饰整个句子的用法,如:

  1)Basically, there are two types of families.

  2)Traditionally, all the members of an extended family lived in the same area.

  2. 掌握连接词的用法,连接词可以用来帮助使前后文更加连贯。

  1)The children stay in the nuclear family until they grow up and marry.

  2)Then they form new nuclear family.

  3)The members…are related by blood or by marriage.

  4)They are all related, so the members of an extended family are called relatives.

  5)However, with the change from an agricultural to an industrial society, many nuclear families moved away from the family home in order to find work.

  6)…but most extended families do not live together.

  7)Therefore we can say that the nuclear family becomes more important than the extended family as the society industrializes.

  8)The nuclear family is becoming smaller as parents want fewer children, and the number of…

  9)…both the father and the mother earn money for the family…

  10)Most single parents find it very difficult to take care of a family alone, so they soon marry again and form remarried families.

  以上句子中的画线单词有连词也有副词,在句子中都起连接词的作用。

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(32)

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