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2007-04-06 10:01   【 】【我要纠错

  13. diverse adj. 不同的;多种多样的

  diversity n. 多样性;差异

  He is a man of diverse talent.(他是一个有多种才能的人。)

  They offered us diverse suggestions at the meeting.(他们在会上给我们提出了各种各样的建议。)

  His writing displays the diversities of human behavior.(他的作品展示了人类行为的多样性。)

  A great diversity of methods has been tried in doing this experiment.(实验中尝试过各种各样的方法。)

  14. confuse v. 使混乱,混淆

  confusion n. 混乱,慌乱

  What he said just now confuses all of us.(他刚才说的话把我们都弄糊涂了。)

  Her answers have only added to his confusion.(她的回答只使他更加糊涂。)

  15. property n. 财产,资产;(房)地产;特性,性质

  That car is my property, you cannot use it without my permission.(那辆车是我的财产,没我的允许,你不能动用。)

  The city is growing and property in the center is becoming more valuable.(城市在发展,市中心的房地产越来越有价值了。)

  Many plants have medicinal properties.(许多植物有药用特性。)

  state property (国家财产) personal property(动产)

  real property / estate(不动产) intellectual property(知识产权)

  16. excise n. 国产税,本国消费税

  exercise n.& v. 行使,运用;锻炼;练习

  customs n. 关税  (Customs 海关)

  17. fund n. 基金,专款;储备,贮存

  v. 提供资金,供以款项

  We would set up a fund to help those children whose parents couldn't afford to send them to school.(我们将设立一项基金,帮助那些父母供不起他们读书的孩子。)

  They have a fund of knowledge and experience to draw on.(他们有丰富的知识和经验可利用。)

  This research is funded by the government.(这项研究由政府提供资金。)

  18. department n. 部,部门;系科

  the State Department (美国)国务院  the Department of Education 教育部

  department store 百货商店     the department of physics 物理系

  19. municipal adj. 市的,市政的

  the municipal government  市政府

  municipal administration   市政管理

  a municipal university    市立大学

  20. complain v. 抱怨,埋怨,发牢骚,诉苦

  complaint n. 抱怨,诉说

  He complained to the manager about / of the poor after-service.(他对经理抱怨说售后服务太差。)

  She complained about / of her husband's carelessness.(她抱怨说她丈夫太粗心。)

  The teacher complained that the students didn't work hard enough.(老师抱怨学生学习不够努力。)

  It is a common complaint that today's children lack the sense of cooperation.(人们常常抱怨今天的孩子缺少合作意识。)

  21. impractical adj. 不切实际的,不能实行的

  practical adj. 实际的,可行的

  His suggestion sounds good, but it is really impractical.(他的建议听起来不错,但是的确不切实际。)

  How long will it be before this theory can be put into practical use? (这一理论还要多久才能被实际运用?)

  22. program n. 计划;(电视)节目;程序

  v. 使按预定步骤工作;编程

  They are drawing up a program of water purification.(他们正在制定一个净水计划。)

  Tonight's TV programs will be very interesting.(今晚的电视节目会非常有趣。)

  I know nothing about computer programs.(我对电脑编程一窍不通。)

  You can program it to do different tasks at specific times.(你可以使它在特定的时间按计划完成各项不同的任务。)

  23. view n. 看法,观点;视野,眼界;景色,风景

  v. 看待,考虑

  He was unwilling to express his views on what had happened.(他不愿意就所发生的一切发表自己的观点。)

  When we stood on the top of the mountain, the whole city came into our view.(我们站在山顶时,整个城市尽收眼底。)

  Looking out of the window, he had a fine view of the Slender West Lake.(朝窗外望去,他看到了瘦西湖的美景。)

  Several possible buyers have come to view your car.(几个想买车的人来看过你的车了。)

  If you stand in his shoes to view the problem, you will come to a totally different conclusion. (如果你站在他的立场上来考虑这个问题,你会得出完全不同的结论。)

  24. issue n. 问题,争论点;发行

  v. 出版,发行,颁布

  At today's meeting we have to spend some time discussing this issue.(在今天的会上,我们得花点时间讨论这个问题。)

  The minute he got the latest issue of the sports magazine, he read it with great interest.(一拿到最新一期的体育杂志,他就津津有味地看了起来。)

  Her first novel issued in May.(她的第一部小说于五月份出版了。)

  He issued instructions that the prisoners should be set free.(他下令释放犯人。)

  25. tend v. 护理,照管

  tend to 易于,往往会;倾向于

  She is tending a very sick patient. (她在护理一位重病人。)

  In addition to his full-time job, he tends a bar.(除了一份全日制的工作,他还照管一个酒吧。)

  When you ask her more than one question, she tends to get impatient.(你问她两个以上的问题,她往往会不耐烦。)

  He tends to be optimistic no matter what happens.(无任发生任何事情,他总倾向于乐观。)


  Conversion (转类法──名词和动词相互转类)

  tax type salary charge

  packet figure fund protest

  program view issue tend


  Taxes, Taxes, and More Taxes 介绍了美国三级政府(联邦政府,州政府,市政府)征收的三种税(income tax,sales tax,property tax and excise tax)。美国人对税收的一致看法是:The taxes are too high. 这篇文章对我们了解美国社会很有帮助,值得一读。


  1. Americans often say that there are two things a person can be sure of in life: death and taxes.

  句中的that引导的是一个宾语从句,例如:Everybody knows that the earth goes around the sun.(众所周知,地球围绕太阳转。)


  1) 他知道我不会责怪他。(He knew that I wouldn't blame him.)

  2) 妈妈说他必须在六点以前回来。(Mother said that he had to be back before 6:00.)

  3) 我想天气很快会放晴。(I think that it is going to clear up soon.)

  4) 我相信他对我说了实话。(I believe that he told me the truth.)

  句中的a person can be sure of …是定语从句,修饰two things, 引导定语从句的关系代词that被省去了。例如:Have you found the book you want?(你找到你要的书了吗?)


  1) 他找到了他丢失的那块表。(He found the watch he had lost.)

  2) 这儿有很多我感兴趣的书。(There are many books I am interested in.)

  be sure of的意思是“对……确信无疑”,例如:

  ─ Is he going to call us at 9:00? (他会在九点给我们打电话吗?)

  ─ Yes, I am sure of it. (是的,我肯定。)


  1) I am sure of his sincerity. (我确信他的诚意。)

  2) You are sure of a warm welcome.(你肯定会受到热烈的欢迎。)

  3) I don't know for sure whether he will come or not.(我不很确切地知道他是否会来。)

  4) Make sure that you turn off the light when you leave.(确保在你离开时把灯关掉。)

  5) Be sure not to forget what your parents said to you.(千万别忘了父母对你说的话。)


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