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自考“英语(一)”笔记(36)

2007-04-06 16:03   【 】【我要纠错

  10.case n. 情况,事实;病例,案例;箱子,盒子

  1)He thought the more time he spent on his lessons, the better performance he would make. But now he realizes it is not the case. (他原以为花在功课上的时间越多,成绩就越好,现在他认识到情况并非如此。)

  2)If that's the case you'll have to work harder. (如果真是那样,你得更加努力。)

  3)Don't worry too much about it, it is a light case of flu. (别担心,只是轻度流感。)

  4)The police are studying the murder case. (警察正在研究这起谋杀案。)

  a case in point (恰当的例子)

  a case of honor (荣誉攸关的问题)

  a civil (criminal) case (民事/刑事诉讼)

  a case of life and death (生死攸关的事情)

  a hard case (棘手的事情)

  in any case (无论如何)

  in case (假使;以防)

  in the case of (就…来说)

  just in case (以防万一)

  11.popularity n. 普及,流行;名望,受欢迎

  popular adj. 普遍的;多数人喜爱的;大众的

  1)He was amazed at the popularity of table-tennis when he first came to China.

  (他第一次来中国时惊异于乒乓球运动的普及。)

  2)The new president achieved great popularity. (新任总统深得人心。)

  3)Books on popular science are selling well. (科普书籍销得很好。)

  4)He is popular among young students. (他深受青年学生的欢迎。)

  12.classification n. 分类;分级

  classify v. 把…分类

  1)There are different opinions about the classification of a particular word.

  (对某一特定的词的分类有不同的看法。)

  2)They classified the books according to their contents. (他们根据内容把图书分了类。)

  在英语中有不少以-fy为后缀的动词,其名词形式常以-ation为后缀,如:

  purify-purification

  qualify-qualification

  simplify-simplification

  identify-identification

  13.convenient adj. 方便的

  inconvenient adj. 不方便的

  convenience n. 方便

  1)If it is convenient for you, please inform me of the case as soon as possible.

  (如果于你方便的话,请把案情尽早告诉我。)

  2)Your visit caused him great inconvenience. (你的来访给他带来极大的不便。)

  3)I appreciate the convenience of living near the office. (我喜欢住处离办公室近这点方便。)

  14.avoid v. 避免,避开

  1)You should avoid being late for the meeting. ( 你应该避免开会迟到。)

  2)We should avoid making the same mistake. (我们应该避免犯同样的错误。)

  15.presence n. 出席,到场

  present adj. 出席的;当前的

  n. 礼物

  v. 呈献;送

  1) We shall be greatly honored to have your presence. (你如能出席,我们将荣幸之至。)

  2) He felt shy to speak in the presence of a large audience. (在众多人前讲话他感到难为情。)

  3) All the students are present today. (今天,所有的学生都到堂了。)

  4) He is talking about the present situation. (他正在谈当前的形势。)

  5) He's father gave him a lovely birthday present. (父亲给了他一个可爱的生日礼物。)

  6) He presented his teacher with a book he wrote. (他送给老师一本自己写的书。)

  本课主要词缀

  Affixation (词缀法)

  1.形容词后缀-ed (多接于名词之后,表示“具有…”,“充满…”的意思)

  learned, cultivated, educated, elevated

  2. 名词后缀-ion,-ation

  possession, classification, misconception, cultivation

  3. 名词后缀-ance

  acquaintance, importance

  本课简介

  在learned words and popular words这篇课文中,作者对学术词汇和普通词汇进行了定义。讲述了两类词汇之间的差异,并且指出把词分为学术的和普通的方便而且有道理。但是人们必须注意,把普通词汇理解为属于大众所有的词,而不是某个特定阶层的人们所拥有的东西。学术词汇也并非有学问之人专用,只是它的存在是由于书籍和文学的培养而不是日常会话的实际需要。

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(36)

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