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自考“英语(一)”笔记(16)

2007-04-06 11:51   【 】【我要纠错

  focus on 是一个常用词组,意思是“集中”,在生词部分已作了较为详细的讲解,在此,请翻译几个句子:

  1) 他今天准是累了,他无法把注意力集中在工作上。

  (He must be very tired today, he just couldn't focus his attention to his work.)

  2) 她觉得很不自在,因为所有的目光都注视着她。(She felt very uneasy as all eyes were focused on her.)

  3) 这本书着重谈了中东的形势。(This book focuses on the situation in the Middle East.)

  a number of 的意思是“许多”。请看下面的例句,注意a number of 和the number of 的区别:

  1) A number of factories have been shut down because of pollution problems.

  (由于污染问题许多工厂被关闭了。)

  2) A number of students have handed in their application forms.(许多学生都递交了申请表。)

  3) The number of students in our school increases every year.(我们学校的学生人数每年都在增加。)

  4) The number of passengers who were injured in the accident is still unknown.

  (在事故中受伤的乘客人数还不知道。)

  2. It is useful to know how these principles work.

  it 在句中做形式主语,真正的主语to know how these principles work,此类结构我们在第一和第二单元已有了解。请看下面的句子:

  1) It is necessary to learn how to use the computer.(学会如何使用计算机很有必要。)

  2) It is important to find out why the forest fire broke out.(找出森林大火的原因很重要。)

  3) It is difficult to know what he is thinking about.(要想知道他在想什么很困难。)

  work 在本句中的意思是“起作用;产生影响”,请翻译下面的句子:

  1) The doctor said that the medicine would work.(医生说药会起作用的。)

  2) They didn't think his plan would work.(他们认为他的计划行不通。)

  3) They didn't expect that the teacher's encouragement would work such a change in him.

  (他们没有料到老师的鼓励会使他产生如此变化。)

  3. Meaningfulness affects memory at all levels.

  affect 是动词,意思是“影响”。常常会有一些英语学习者把动词affect和名词effect混淆,请注意下面的句子:

  1) The drought would surely affect the harvest.(这场干旱肯定会影响到收成。)

  2) Excessive smoking affected his health, bad coughs often made it difficult to breathe.

  (过度吸烟影响了他的健康,严重的咳嗽使他难以呼吸。)

  3) Psychologists believe that colors have a definite effect on people.

  (心理学家认为颜色对人肯定有影响。)

  4) We could all see the effects of the illness on him.(我们都能看出那场病在的身上的影响。)

  5) 职务的变化使他的收入大受影响。(The change in position greatly affected his income.)

  6) 他的话对听众没有任何影响作用。(What he said had little effect on the audience.)

  4. Information that doesn't make any sense to you is difficult to remember.

  that引导的定语从句修饰information; 主句是Information is difficult to remember.

  不定式to remember 用在做表语用的形容词后面作状语。请看下面的句子:

  1) Einstein was easy to get along with.(爱因斯坦很容易相处。)

  2) To many foreigners, Chinese is hard to learn.(对许多外国人来说汉语很难学。)

  3) The water in this river is not fit to drink.(这条河里的水不适合饮用。)

  4) This question is very difficult to answer.(这个问题很难回答。)

  make sense 的意思是“有意义;可理解”。请看下面的句子:

  1) No matter how you read it, this sentence doesn't make any sense to me.

  (无论你怎么读,我都不理解这个句子。)

  2) What the writer wanted to express in his book doesn't make any sense to the readers.

  (读者们无法理解作者在书中所要表达的意思。)

  3) His explanation makes no sense to his students.(学生们不理解他的解释。)

  5. Organization also makes a difference in our ability to remember.

  动词不定式to remember在句中做定语,修饰名词ability.请看下面的句子:

  1) You should have confidence in your ability to fulfill the task.(你们应对自己完成认务的能力有信心。)

  2) He has kept the promise to come early in the morning.(他遵守了一大早来的诺言。)

  3) They have the determination to overcome all the difficulties.(他们有克服所有困难的决心。)

  4) We could see her anxiety to solve the problem.(我们能看出她急于解决这个问题。)

  make a difference 的意思是“有关系;有影响;起作用”。请看下面的句子:

  1) What he said would not make any difference in my decision-making.

  (他说的话不会对我做决定产生任何影响。)

  2) Your participation in the work will make a great difference.(你参与我们的工作,情况就不一样了。)

  3) Money won't make much difference to him.(钱对他起不了多大作用。)

  4) I didn't like the appearance of the house, but the location and price made all the difference.

  (我不喜欢那房子的外观,但它的位置和价格起了重要作用。)

  6. Material that is organized is better remembered than jumbled information.

  句中的better是副词well的比较级形式,意思是“更好地”。请看下面的句子:

  1) This story is better written than that one.(这个故事写得比那个好。)

  2) This room is better furnished than that one.(这间屋子装饰得比那间好。)

  3) This team is better trained than that one.(这个队训练得比那个队好。)

  4) This job is better paid than that one.(这份工作的报酬比那份高。)

  information是一个不可数名词,不能在其后加“-s”。请看例句:

  1) There are many ways of obtaining information.(获得信息的途径很多。)

  2) So far I haven't got any information about the game.(我至今还没有得到有关比赛的任何消息。)

  3) I am sure this piece of information will be of great value to them.

  (我肯定这一消息对他们会很有价值。)

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(16)

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