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自考英语(一)课堂笔记完整版(9)

2007-01-09 15:20   【 】【我要纠错

Unit5(第14讲—第16讲)

  Text A   Fallacies about Food

  本课主要单词

  1. fallacy   n. 谬误;谬论;错误的推理或信念

  That the earth is flat used to be a popular fallacy.(地球是扁平的这一谬误曾一度很流行。)

  Needless to say, this statement is based on fallacy.(不用说,这是一个基于谬误推理的陈述。)

  What you had seen couldn't be true, it might be a fallacy of the eye.(你所看到的不可能是真的,也许是你的视错觉。)

  2. quality n. 质量;品质,特性 adj. 优质的,高级的

  He is a man of many good qualities.(他具有许多优秀品质。)

  The quality of your products is superior to that of ours.(你们的产品质量比我们的好。)

  They promised that they would offer the community a variety of quality services.(他们承诺为社区提供多项优质服务。)

  You have no reason to deprive me of the right to a quality education.(你没有理由剥夺我受良好教育的权利。)

  qualify v. 使合适,使胜任

  I am not very sure if he is qualified for the job.(我不很肯定他是否胜任这份工作。)

  His skills qualify him for the job.(他的技艺使他有资格担任这一工作。)

  qualified adj. 有资格的;称职的

  What are you going to do with all these poorly qualified officers?(你会拿这些不称职的军官怎么样呢?)

  He is trying hard to make himself a qualified teacher.(他在努力使自己成为一个称职的教师。)

  3. savage adj. 野蛮的,未开化的;凶猛的,残酷的 n.野蛮人,粗野的人

  Most of the time elephants are tame but they can be very savage.(大多数时候大象很温顺,但他们也会大发野性。)

  No one can put up with his savage manners.(谁也忍受不了他的粗暴态度。)

  They don't know what will be there waiting for them once they get to the savage wilderness.(他们不知道进入蛮荒之后等待他们的会是什么。)

  He was afraid that he would encounter some savages if he stayed on that isolated island.(他担心呆在孤岛上会碰上野蛮人。)

  4. tribe n. 种族,部落;(动植物)族,类

  This attitude still remains in some primitive tribes.(这种观念在一些原始部落中依然存在。)

  They didn't quite expect that the tribe of cats could give them so much trouble.(他们没有料到猫族会给他们带来如此多的麻烦。)

  5. bravery n. 勇敢,大胆 brave adj. 勇敢的  v.冒(危险等);敢于做(某事)

  Being a nurse requires infinite patience and bravery.(做护士需要无限的耐心和勇敢。)

  He made a brave attempt to prevent the group fighting.(他勇敢地试图阻止群殴。)

  They braved all the dangers and difficulties in completing their work.(他们冒着各种危险和困难完成了任务。)

  6. eager adj. 热切的,渴望的

  be eager to do sth. 渴望做某事

  be eager for/about sth. 渴求某事

  eager beaver 做事异常卖力的人;雄心勃勃的人

  The eager crowd streamed into the hall.(急切的人群涌进了大厅。)

  She opened the telegram with eager fingers.(她用手指急不可奈地拆开了电报。)

  The teacher found all the students were eager to express their opinions.(老师发现所有的学生都渴望表述自己的观点。)

  I am eager for the performance to begin.(我热切地等待着演出的开始。)

  7. civilized adj. 文明的,开化的

  civilization n. 文明,文化

  Their aim is to create an orderly, just and civilized society.(他们的目标是建立一个有序,公正而文明的社会。)

  Professor Smith is going to give us a lecture on the history of Western civilization.(史密斯教授将给我们做有关西方文明史的讲座。)

  China is one of the four ancient civilizations.(中国是四大文明古国之一。)

  8. root n. 根;根本,根源; v. (使)生根,(使)扎根

  The edible part of this plant is its root.(这种植物的可食部分是根。)

  She flushed to the root of her hair.(她羞得满脸通红。)

  The lust for money is the root of all evils.(贪财是一切罪恶的根源。)

  Her love for the mother country is deeply rooted.(她对祖国的爱坚贞不移。)

  He sat there rooted like a statue.(他像一尊雕塑一样一动不动地坐在那儿。)

  9. magic n. 魔法,魔力;魔术

  magical adj. 有魔力的;神秘的

  magician n. 魔术师;巫师

  The prince was turned by magic into a beast.(王子被魔法变成了一只野兽。)

  We are trying to find someone to do some magic at the party.(我们正找人在晚会上玩魔术。)

  The magic of music is beyond words.(音乐的魅力无法用言语形容。)

  He used to believe that the old lady had magical powers.(他曾以为那个老太太有魔力。)

  No one would ever forget this magical experience.(谁也不会忘记这一神秘的经历。)

  The magician waved his wand and the rabbit disappeared. (魔术师挥了挥魔杖,兔子不见了。)

  (注意:magic也可以做形容词用,词义和magical一样。但是magic通常只能做定语用,而magical既可做定语用也可做表语用。)

  10. poisonous adj. 有毒的

  poison n.& v. 毒药;中毒,毒死;破坏

  Be careful! It is one of the most poisonous snakes in the world.(小心,这是世界上最毒的一种蛇。)

  Don't eat the leaves of this plant, they are poisonous.(别吃这种植物的叶子,有毒!)

  If he drank the poison, he would probably die.(如果他喝了这毒药,他可能会死。)

  One man's honey is another man's poison.(对甲有利未必对乙也有利。)

  He poisoned his wife.(他毒死了自己的妻子。)

  Industrial wastes are poisoning the atmosphere.(工业废料在污染着大气。)

  He had poisoned the political life of the nation. (他破坏了这个国家的政治生活。)

  11. overseas adv. 在海外,在国外  adj. 海外的,国外的

  He said he would travel overseas if he had a long holiday.(他说如果有长假,他就去国外旅游。)

  These companies are investing large sums overseas.(这些公司正向海外进行高额投资。)

  The overseas Chinese donated medicine and clothes to the flooded area.(海外华人向受灾地区捐赠药品和服装。)

  There is a vast overseas market for our goods.(我们的产品有广阔的海外市场。)

  12. widespread adj. 分布广的,普遍的

  There was a widespread belief that she committed suicide.(人们普遍认为她是自杀的。)

  Industrial robots will be in widespread use.(工业机器人将会广泛使用。)

  Pollution problem is now attracting widespread attention.(污染问题正引起广泛关注。)

  13. digestive adj. 消化的,有消化力的

  digest v. 消化;领会

  digestion n. 消化;领悟

  indigestible adj. 难理解的;难消化的

  The doctor told him there might be something wrong with his digestive system.(医生对他说他的消化系统可能有问题。)

  It will be very helpful for you to digest the important points in the book.(领会这本书中的要点将会对你很有帮助。)

  Every day they gave the old man food that was easy of digestion.(他们每天给老人易于消化的食物。)

  The steak was tough and indigestible.(这牛排太老,不易消化。)

  14. foundation n. 根据;基金会;基地

  The early training gave her a very firm foundation.(早期的训练给她打下了坚实的基础。)

  In fact the rumor is without foundation.(事实上,这个谣传没有根据。)

  This conference is sponsored by the National Foundation for Educational Research.(这个会议是由全国教育研究基金会主办的。)

  The construction workers are laying the foundations for a 28-story building.(建筑工人们正在为一座28层的高楼打地基。)

  15. belief n. 相信;信念

  believe v. 相信;认为

  It is his belief that he will succeed sooner or later.(他相信他迟早会成功。)

  What he told me just now is really beyond my belief.(他刚才对我说的话令我难以置信。)

  I believe we will win the match.(我相信我们会赢这场比赛。)

  Believe it or not he got a full mark in the exam.(信不信由你,他考试得了满分。)

  16. combination n. 结合,联合;化合物

  combine v. 结合,联合

  The color purple is a combination of red and blue.(紫色是由红蓝两色混合而成。)

  The football players showed good combination.(足球队员们配合默契。)

  It will do us a lot of good if we can combine theory with practice.(如果把理论和实际结合起来将对我们大有好处。)

  He very well combines the characters of soldier and poet.(他把军人和诗人的性格很好地融合在一起。)

  17.chiefly adv. 主要地

  chief n. 首领;长官   adj. 主要的

  This vegetable juice is made up chiefly of tomatoes and cucumbers.(这种蔬菜汁主要由西红柿和黄瓜制成。)

  I will have to go and talk to your department chief about it.(我得和你们部门的头儿好好谈谈。)

  I think this will become the chief concern of the world today.(我认为这将成为当今世界的首要关心的问题。)

  the editor in chief 总编     the chief engineer 总工程师

  chief executive 最高行政长官  chief justice 首席法官

  chief of staff 参谋长      chief of state 国家元首

  18. contain v. 包含;容纳;克制

  This mini-bus can contain 18 passengers.(这辆面包车可乘坐18人。)

  How much water can this water tank contain?(这只水箱能装多少水?)

  This book contains the material you need.(这本书里有你需要的材料。)

  He cannot contain himself for the joy.(他高兴得不能自制。)

  本课主要构词法

  affixation 词缀法

  1.名词后缀 -ity           quality

  2.名词后缀 -ation;-ion;     combination, civilization, foundation, digestion

  3.名词后缀 -ture          mixture

  4.形容词后缀 -ous        poisonous

  5.形容词后缀 -ible      indigestible

  6.形容词后缀 -ful       helpful, powerful

  7.副词前缀 over-         overseas

  compounding 合词法

  1.复合形容词     widespread; man-eating;

  2.复合名词       man-eating; carbohydrate

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