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自考英语(一)课堂笔记完整版(1)

2007-01-09 10:35   【 】【我要纠错

Unit1

  Text A How to be a successful language learner?

  本课主要单词

  1. successful adj. 成功的

  He is a successful writer. (他是一个有成就的作家。)

  He hopes he will be successful this time. (他希望他这次能够成功。)

  success n. 成功

  Their film is a great success.(他们的影片很成功。)

  We are sure of success. (我们一定能成功。)

  succeed v. 成功

  I succeeded in getting the job. (我成功地得到了这份工作。)

  She succeeded in passing the exam. (她考试及格了。)

  2. adult adj. & n. 成年的,成熟的;成年人

  These adult films are not suitable for children.(这些成人电影,儿童不宜观看。)

  Don''t worry too much about him, he is an adult now.(别为他过分担心,他是成年人了。)

  3. disagree vi. 有分歧,不同意;不符,不一致

  agree vi. 同意

  I disagree with you about this.〔对于这件事,我跟你的意见不同。〕

  These figures disagree with last week''s results.(这些数据与上周的结果不符。)

  I agree with what you said. (我同意你所说的。)

  She agreed to the plan.(她赞成这个计划。)

  We haven''t agreed on the date of the meeting.(我们还没商定会议的日期。)

  agreement n. 同意;协议

  disagreement n. 不同意

  We haven''t reached an agreement yet.(我们还没达成协议。)

  There was no disagreement, and the proposal was accepted.(没有不同意见,这个建议被接受了。)

  (请注意:前缀dis-通常可以加在动词,名词,形容词前面,构成反意词。例如:dissatisfy,disorder,disable. 后缀-ment加在动词的后面,构成名词。例如:arrangement,argument 等。)

  4. statement n. 声明,陈述 (由动词state 加名词后缀-ment构成)

  Very soon he made his first public statement about the affair. (他很快就此事件首次发表公开声明。)

  Do you believe the witness''s statement? (你相信证人的陈述吗?)

  (请注意动词与名词的搭配:issue a statement, make a statement)

  5. guarantee n. & v. 保证,担保,保修

  He gave his guarantee that he would repay the money as soon as he could.(他保证他会尽快还钱。)

  The washing machine is guaranteed for five years.(这台洗衣机保用5年。)

  (请注意guarantee做动词的用法:guarantee sth.,guarantee that, guarantee against / from )

  6. intelligent adj. 聪明的,明智的

  He made an intelligent decision.(他做出了明智的决定。)

  Human beings are much more intelligent than animals.(人类远比动物聪明。)

  Intelligence n. 聪明,智力

  She prided herself on her intelligence.(她为自己的聪明感到自豪。)

  Intelligently adv. 聪明地,明智地

  They dealt with the problem intelligently.(他们明智地处理了这个问题。)

  7. conversely adv. 相反地

  Some are wealthy but unhappy; conversely, others are happy but not wealthy.

  (有的人富有但不快乐,相反,另一些人快乐但不富有。)

  converse adj. 相反的

  I hold the converse opinion.(我的观点相反。)

  converse v. 交谈,谈话

  He felt it difficult to converse with Helen in English.(他觉得跟海伦用英语交谈很困难。)

  8. similar adj. 相似的,类似的

  The two animals are similar to each other in appearance.(这两只动物外表很相似。)

  similarity n. 相似,类似

  Their differences are more noticeable than their similarities.(他们的不同之处比相同之处更明显。)

  9. independent adj. 独立的,自主的

  (这个词的词根是depend,在depend的后面加上后缀 -ent可以构成形容词,加上 -ence则可以构成名词;在dependent,dependence前面加上前缀 in- 又可以构成反义词。)

  depend v. 依靠,依赖

  dependence n. 依靠,依赖

  dependent adj. 依靠的,依赖的

  independence n. 独立,自主

  India won its independence in 1947.(印度于1947年赢得了独立。)

  10. clue n. 线索,提示

  The police searched all the houses but found no clues.(警察搜索了所有的房屋,但是没有发现任何线索。)

  (注意用法:find /give a clue to sth.)

  11. conclusion n. 结论,推论

  conclude v. 断定,决定

  (注意用法:come to a conclusion,jump at a conclusion,draw a conclusion,reach a conclusion)

  What conclusions did you come to?(你得出了什么结论?)

  12. communicate v. 交流,交际,通讯

  communication n. 交流,通讯

  communicative adj. 爱说话的

  To communicate with him is no easy job, as he is not a communicative person.(他是一个不爱说话的人,与他交流可不容易。)

  Speech and writing are man''s most important methods of communication.(说和写是人类最重要的交流方式。)

  13. inexact adj. 不正确的,不精确的

  与independent一样,该词是由形容词 exact加前缀in- 构成的。

  14. incomplete adj. 不完整的

  complete adj.& v. 完整的;完成

  This is an incomplete sentence, please add the omitted part and make it complete.

  〔这是一个不完整的句子,请加上省略的成分使其完整。〕

  I don''t think I can complete the work in 2 hours. 〔我想我在两小时内干不完这活。〕

  15. purpose n. 目的,意图,用途

  purposeful adj. 有目的的,有意图的

  purposefully adv. 有目的地,蓄意地

  The purpose of the meeting was to discuss his proposal.〔会议的目的是讨论他的建议。〕

  He let out the information purposefully to you.〔他有意向你透露了这个消息。〕

  16. regularly adv. 经常地,定期地

  regular adj. 经常的,定期的

  irregular adj. 不规则的,无规律的

  If you review your lessons regularly, you will do well on tests.

  〔如果你定期复习功课,就能在考试中取得好成绩。〕

  17. technique n. 技术,技巧,手艺

  Good study techniques help him to be one of the straight A students in his class.

  〔良好的学习技巧使他成为班上的全优生之一。〕

  18. outline v.& n. 概括;大纲,提纲;轮廓

  He listened carefully as I outlined my reasons.〔在我简述我的原因时,他认真地听着。〕

  The English teacher asked us to write a brief outline of the story.

  〔英语老师让我们写这篇故事的概要。〕

  He saw the outline of the house in the moonlight.(在月光下,他看到了那座屋子的轮廓。)

  本课主要词缀

  1. 名词后缀 -ment

  agreement, statement

  2. 名词后缀 -ation, -ion, -sion

  communication, completion, conclusion

  3. 名词后缀 -ity

  similarity, regularity

  4. 名词后缀 -ence

  intelligence, independence

  5. 形容词后缀 -ful

  successful, purposeful

  6. 副词后缀 -ly

  conversely, regularly, purposefully

  7. 反义词前缀 in

  inexact, incomplete, independent

  8. 反义词前缀 dis

  disagree, discover

  本课简介

  How to Be a Successful Language Learner 是一篇典型的说明文。此类文章通常以逻辑顺序安排材料,作者要回答HOW或WHY方面的问题。在说明文的阅读与写作中,要注意抓主题句以及使文章内容启承转合的常用词句。

  本课中,作者从一句引言入手,先谈了人们对语言学习的看法,然后阐述了自己对学好语言的看法。文章条理十分清楚,对我们学写说明文很有帮助。

  本课语言点

  1. Learning a language is easy.

  这是一个 主语+动词+表语 (SVP)句型。句中learning a language为动名词短语,在句子中做主语。再如:

  Forgetting the past means betrayal.(忘记过去就意味着背叛。)

  请翻译下面的句子:

  1) 阅读英语比讲英语容易。 (Reading English is easier than speaking it.)

  2) 集邮是我弟弟的爱好。(Collecting stamps is my little brother''s hobby.)

  2. Even a child can do it.

  even在句中作副词用,加强语气,表示“甚至(…也),连(…都)”。如:He even didn''t trust his best friend.(他甚至不信任他最好的朋友。)

  请注意even与 even if / though的区别并翻译下面的句子:

  1) 这个我连听都没听过。(I haven''t even heard of it.)

  2) 即使花了数天时间复习,他也没能考好。(He didn''t do well in the exam even though he spent days reviewing.)

  3. Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement.

  句中who are learning a second language为定语从句,修饰先行词most adults,再如:

  The man who wrote this book is a teacher.(写这本书的人是一位教师。)

  请翻译下面的句子:

  1) 穿蓝色夹克的那个男孩是我们的班长。

  (The boy who is in a blue jacket is our monitor.)

  2) 你昨天借给我的那本书很有趣。

  (The book that you lent me yesterday is very interesting.)

  句中的would是助动词,表示“可能”,“(将)会”。例如:

  A picnic without you wouldn''t be fun.(野餐没你参加会很没意思。)

  助动词would的用法很多,概括起来主要有如下几种:

  1) 表示过去将来时:I felt confident that everything would be all right.

  2) 表示意愿:I asked him not to do it, but he wouldn''t listen to me.

  3) 表示习惯性:Every evening, we would go for a walk along the river.

  4) 表示虚拟,假设,条件:If you had come earlier, you would have seen him.

  5) 表示婉转地请求或建议:Would you look after my cat while I am away?

本文转载链接:自考英语(一)课堂笔记完整版(1)

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