您的位置:自考365 > 复习指导 > 笔记串讲 > 文学 > 自考“英语翻译”完整技巧篇(4)

自考“英语翻译”完整技巧篇(4)

2007-06-25 16:09   【 】【我要纠错

  3.省略先行词这种句行就象前面讲的“综和性”翻译一样,直接把整个句子的意思讲出来,例如:a.The two universities signed an agreement, under which they would exchange students and scholars. 这两个大学,签定了协议,决定交换学生和学者。

  b.He caught a young soldier coming to the farmhouse , whose face turned pale for too much loss of blood. 他看见一个士兵走进农舍,脸色因失血过多而苍白。

  c. He passed the exam , which can be read from his the light on his face.我从他脸上就可以看出他已通过了考试。

  d. He arrived at the railway station in time, which is expected .他果然准时到了火车站。

  4.译成状语从句有些作定语的句子听起来却有点象状语从句,因此翻译时可以将其译成状语似的从句:a.You should take advantage of the opportunity to learn English well, which is very valuable. (原因)

  你应该利用这个机会好好学习英语,这太重要了。

  b.We examine the quality of our products, which is why they are so reliable. (原因)

  我们检验产品很仔细,因此产品都很可靠。

  c.I never believe the stories , which is appealing.(让步)

  我从不相信他所说的故事,即使它很动听。

  5.“as”引导的句子:除了以上这些例子以外,还有一些特殊的由“as”引导的句子,翻译时可参考“as”的比较结构从句:a. He is not such as fool as he looks 他并不象看上去的那么傻。

  b. They were not such questions as could easily be disposed of. 这些问题可不是那么容易就能处理好的。

  c. It wasn‘t such a good dinner as she had promised us.这顿饭可没有她向我们说的那么好

  自考英语翻译技巧二

  直译与意译

  直译是基础,意译是补充能直译就尽量直译,不能直译就采取意译

  1. Their accent couldn‘t fool a native speaker. A. 他们的口音不能愚弄本地人B.本地人是不会听不出他们是外乡人的。

  C.本地人一听他们的口音便知道他们是外乡人的。

  2. Smashing a mirror is no way to make an ugly person beautiful , nor is it a way to make social problems evaporate.意译:砸镜子并不能解决实际问题。

  直译:砸镜子并不能使丑八怪变漂亮,也不能使社会问题烟消云散。

  3.He felt a rush of fear churning his stomach.直译:他感到一阵恐惧涌上胃口意译:他感到一阵恐惧涌上心头

  4. He bent solely upon profit. A. 他只屈身与利润之前B.只有利润才使他低头。

  C.他惟利是图

  5. Would there be any possibility of having breakfast on the train before we are decanted in Munich ?

  A.当我们在慕尼黑被腾出车厢之前有任何在火车上吃早饭的可能性吗?

  B.我们在慕尼黑被腾出车厢之前,有可能在火车上吃早饭吗?

  6. He had about as much chance of getting a job as of being chosen mayor of Chicago. A.他找到工作的机会和当选芝加哥市长的机会差不多B.他找到工作的机会简直跟当选芝加哥市长同样困难。

  C.他找到工作的机会简直微乎其微。

  正说与反说

  1.The administration was free corruption. 这届政府没有腐败现象

  2. Wet paint. 油漆未干

  3.I remained confused about the problem.这个问题我还是不懂

  4. They are dependent on each other.他们谁也离不开谁

  5. He is far from what I expected.他远不是我想象的那样。

本文转载链接:自考“英语翻译”完整技巧篇(4)

分享到:
  • 站内搜索
  • 课程搜索
  • 试题搜索

热门搜索:教材 报名 查分 免考 考试计划