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07年高教自学考试英语二串讲资料(一)

2007-05-08 15:49   【 】【我要纠错

  备考书目推荐:

  一、教材

  《大学英语自学教程(下册)》 主编:高远 高等教育出版社

  二、辅助教材

  1.《考前语法突破》 曲航 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社

  2.《大纲词汇一本通》 胥国红 曲航 李筱筝 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社

  3.《大学英语自学教程(下册)自学与自测》 主编:高远 北京航空航天大学出版社

  备考建议:

  1.巧记单词:利用零散的时间,频繁反复地记忆单词;

  2. 重视教材:尤其是课文中含有语法要点的句子,以及书后习题和语法讲解中的例句;

  3. 学会总结:错误经常出现在哪里,错误的原因,避免同类错误的再次出现;

  4. 肯定自己:看到自己的进步,相信自己能做得更好。

  “切记”避免焦躁。此类情绪对于学习和考试只会产生负面影响。

  一、历年习题按语法总结

  1. 动词

  ――――谓语动词的时态和语态,非谓语动词,虚拟语气

  1. Lots of empty beer bottles were found under the young man‘s bed; he __________ heavily.

  A. must have drunk B. must drink C. should drink D. had to drink

  2. __________ home, she found that she had left the key at the office.

  A. To have arrived B. To arrive C. While arriving D. Arriving

  3.In deciding __________ a course of action, the candidates tried to estimate its likely impact on the voters.

  A. what to pursue B. which to pursue C. whether to pursue D. if to pursue

  4. __________, they began to get down to business.

  A. The holidays are over B. The holidays were over

  C. The holidays being over D. The holidays had been over

  5. __________ nothing to say,the boy shied way from the crowd.

  A. Have B. Having C. Had D. Having being

  6. The young doctor could not sleep at night, the worsening condition of a patient __________ him.

  A. disturbing B. disturbed C. being disturbed D. to disturb

  7. Should she come tomorrow, I __________ take her to the museum.

  A. can B. will C. would D. must

  8.If we __________ everything ready by now, we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.

  A. hadn‘t got B. didn’t get  C. wouldn‘t have got D. wouldn’t get

  9. __________ for your help,I would not have over come the psychological pressures and tensions.

  A. Not been B. Without being C. Had it not been D. Not having been

  10.Would‘t you rather your child __________ successful with his study and won the scholarship?

  A. became B. become C. would become D. becomes

  11.You needn‘t __________ him about this since he could find out for himself.

  A. tell B. be telling C. have told D. have to tell

  12. If you ______ my advice, you wouldn‘t be in such trouble now.

  A. took B. takes C. has taken D. had taken

  13. The meeting ______, we left the room quickly for dinner.

  A. over B. was over C. is over D. been over

  14. All the money ______, Frederick started looking for work.

  A. having spent B. has been spent C. having been spent D. had been spent

  15. ______ his talk when Mary ran out of the lecture hall.

  A. Hardly had be begun B. Hardly he had begun

  C. Hardly he has begun D. He hardly had begun

  16. Much of the carbon in the earth __________(come)from things that once lived.

  17. China is not what she __________(use)to be.

  18. In the past two decades, research __________(expand)our knowledge about sleep and dreams.

  19. Television ads __________ usually __________(repeat)over and over again.

  20.Some proverbs _______ (be)in the language for 1,000 years, for example, A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  21.The nations that __________ actively __________ (involve)in earthquake prediction programs include Japan, China, Russia, and the United States.

  22.In 1991, after the Gulf War, Bush‘s approval rating reached 91 percent, the highest level recorded since polling __________(begin)in the 1930s.

  23.Seeing violence on television or reading about it in the newspapers every day __________ (make)us tolerate crime more than we should.

  24.All the worries they might have felt for him __________ (drive) off by the sight of his cheerful face.

  25.Little did they realize that they __________(make)an important discovery in science.

  26. Some people think relations between people _____ (deteriorate) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible.

  27. Let‘s hurry up. She _____ (must, wait) for us.

  28. Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what _____ (happen) to her.

  29. Many a writer of newspaper articles __________ (turn) to writing novels during the past decade.

  30. There __________ (estimate) to be more than 20, 000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain in 1995.

  31. So far, Irving __________ (live) in New York City for ten years.

  32. The patient __________ (send) to another hospital before we got there.

  33. Coffee delays the body clock in the morning, and __________ (advance) it at night.

  34.Cancer research __________ (make) all over the world in the past twenty years.

  35.There was a mistake on my paycheck. I __________ (receive) 10more.

  36.The second half of the nineteenth century __________ (witness) the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi.

  37. Once harm __________ (do) to the environment, it takes years to have the system recovered.

  38. This project __________ (accomplish) by the end of 2006 will greatly improve the basic facility of the city.

  39. Investigations into the cause of the shipwreck show that the ship _________ (sink) the moment it hit the rock .

  40. If that sounds like far-fetched fantasy, consider these interesting findings that __________ (emerge) from eight years of sleep and dream research at the VA Hospital.

  41. A great number of the body‘s events __________ (schedule) to occur at a certain time of day.

  42. It is these messages that __________ (form) the basis of the child‘s self-esteem.

  43. With all this done, I __________ (free) from all troubles and responsibilities.

  44.If you cannot understand, ask: “Would you mind __________(rephrase)the question, please?”

  45. Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially make toy weapons __________ (bring) into the classroom.

  46. Robots, already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning __________(see)in other industries as well.

  47. Let us consider the earth as a planet _________(revolve)round sun.

  48.A man cannot be really happy if what he enjoys __________(do)is ignored by society as of no value or importance.

  49.Anyone _________(want)to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics.

  50.It is a well-know fact that a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes ________(control)his direction.

  51.As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals ____(use)in experiments may decrease.

  52.Robots, __________ (become) increasingly prevalent in factories and industrial plants throughout the developed world, are programmed and engineered to perform industrial tasks without human intervention.

  53.They were often compelled __________ (work) twelve or fourteen hours a day.

  54.It has been proved that their best ideas seem __________ (occur) when they were relaxing.

  55.Her body, with hands and feet __________ (bind), was discovered by a traveler early in the morning.

  56.Anyone __________ (want) to live in the new century will have to know about the computer.

  57.It has been proved that some people‘s best ideas seem __________ (occur) when they are relaxing and daydreaming.

  58.They may have their passports __________ (remove), making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible.

  59.This poem, if __________ (translate) word for word into Chinese, will make no sense.

  60.Robots, already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning __________ (see), although to a lesser degree, in other industries as well.

  61.Anyone __________ (want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about IT (information technology)。

  62.__________ (tell) that some guest were coming, she shopped all morning in the supermarket.

  63.It is said the conference is __________(hold)in this hall next month.

  64.As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals used in experiments may decrease, but stopping _________(test)on animals altogether is a long way away.

  65.A life __________(live)without fantasy and daydreaming is a really poor life indeed.

  66. When _____ (present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems.

  67. Would you mind _____ (rephrase) the question, please.

  68. They used to _____ (work) twelve or fourteen hours a day at that time.

  69. An organization is a group of people, and a decision __ (make) today may have consequences far into the future.

  70. For managers, every decision has constraints _____ (base) on policies, procedures and laws.

  71. As I‘ll be away for a year, I’d appreciate _____ (hear) from you now and then.

  72. What developed was a music readily _____ (take) on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.

  73. Many other new techniques are available that enable more research _____ (do) in the test tube.

  74. _____ (not, get)enough hands, she had great difficulty in accomplishing the task.

  75. A Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after _____ (convict) of murder.

  76. With apples at 25 cents a pound, we couldn‘t resist _____ (take) four pounds.

  77. When _____ (give) the chance, it is quite possible for him to fulfill the task within ten days.

  78. I‘ll be only too pleased _____ (help) out those who are in difficulty.

  79. Television is another major instrument of communication, _____ (permit) us to see as well as to hear the performer.

  80.There are several means _____ (measure) the length and width of the gap.

  81. _____ (seize) Jane by the collar, they dragged her out of the vehicle and locked her up in the dark room.

  82.I couldn‘t help but _____ (feel) this is a very strange life.

  83. _____ (use ) economically, one tin of oil will last at least three months.

  84.It seems reasonable to assume that, other things _____ (be) equal, they would prefer single to shared rooms.

  85. With the strike _____ (settle), the work on the new assembly line went ahead like wildfire.

  86. People appreciate _____ (talk) with him because he is knowledgeable and humorous.

  87. Since the author did not stick to the topic, I found his article very _____ (confuse) and hard to follow.

  88. You may find yourself _____ (face) one interviewer or panel.

  89. _____ (understand) the effects of apartheid it is necessary to think of the daily lives of the people.

  90. The domestics can have their passports removed, _____ (make) leaving or “escaping” virtually impossible.

  91. Miss Hannah Arent was the first person _____ (define) the difference between work and labor.

  92. I would rather he _____(buy)the house next year.

  93.They demanded that the right to vote _____(give)to every adult person.

  94.The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we _____ (meet) them before.

  95.If it hadn‘t been for your help, we _____ (be) in real trouble.

  96.If you had come earlier, you _____ (not miss) the first act of the play.

  97.He would have given you more help, if he _____ (not be) so busy.

  98. I would recommend that you _____ (think) about doing something similar for yourself.

  99. She treats me as if I _____ (be) a stranger.

  100. It‘s time something _____ (do) about the traffic problem downtown.

  101. It was imperative that students _____ (finish) their papers before July 1st.

  102. It is high time that we _____ (take) firm measures to protect our environment.

  103. Had he been treated well, he _____ (get over) this disease.

  104. If only the board _____ (approve) the proposal and put it into effect.

  105. If thalidomide _____ (invent) today, it would never be released for human use because new tests on pregnant animals would reveal the dangers.

  106. He _________(write) her 10 letters since he met her last years.

  107. I think it necessary for him ________ (finish) the work in time.

  108. The house is ______ (complete) before his brother‘s wedding ceremony.

  109. You had better ________ (bring) enough money with you.

  110. If I hadn‘t listened to you, I would _______ (make) such a silly mistake.

  111. The three players repeatedly denied ________ (take) any drug.

  112. People who are entitled to ________ (vote) should be over eighteen.

  113. If she ______(catch) the 10 O‘clock train, she can get there by lunch time.

  2. 从句

  ――――定语从句,名词从句和状语从句

  1.It was there, the police believe, _____ she was able to activate the recorder she kept in her bag.

  A. until B. which C. that D. when

  2.It is not yet known _____ computers will one day have vision as good as human vision.

  A. whether B. if C. that D. how

  3.Such attitudes amount to a belief _____ leisure can and should be put to good use.

  A. which B. if C. whether D. that

  4. Many of us visited the industrial exhibition, , to our disappointment, we saw very few high-tech (高技术) products.

  A. where B. which C. as D. that

  5. On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order _____ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices.

  A. which B. what C. that D. in that

  6.Studies have shown _____ teenagers often suffer from depression.

  A. that B. which C .in which D. in that

  7. It is becoming increasingly clear to policy-makers schools cannot solve all the problems of the larger community.

  A. that B. what C. when D. who

  9. There is no doubt _____ a large number of people have benefited from heart surgery.

  A. what B. of C. if D. that

  10. Such people _____ you describe are nowadays.

  A. as B. that C. who D. which

  11. Was it in that school _____ he developed his interest in physics?

  A. which B. from which C. where D. that

  12. Why do you blame him for his poor judgment on the matter _____ he really needs is encouragement?

  A. when that B. since that C. when what D. now that

  13. _____, I couldn‘t get a job in this company.

  A. Try as I might B. As I might try C. Try though I might D. I might try

  14. It is a well-known fact ____ a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes to control his direction.

  A. that B. if C. when D. whether

  15. Very few people understood this contract, _____was very obscure.

  A. the language B. the language of which C. all it said D. which it had said

  16. Management often works hard to set up a situation _____work is done in series.

  A. that B. where C. which D. what

  17. Although Tom is satisfied with his academic achievement, he wonders ____will happen to his family life.

  A. it B. that C. what D. this

  18. We cannot leave this tough job to a person _____.

  A. who nobody has confidence B. in whom nobody has confidence

  C. for whom nobody has confidence D. who everyone has confidence of

  19. Six out of every ten prisoners in chains are black, which is _____ the chain gangs call up images of slavery in centuries gone by.

  A. where B. when C. what D. why

  20.Robots differ from automatic machines _____ after completion of one specific task, they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one.

  A. so that B. in which C. given that D. in that

  21. His name will be crossed out from the list _____ he makes the same mistake again.

  A. if B. unless C. because D. though

  22. Five minutes earlier, _____we may have caught the gunman.

  A. and B. but C. or D. so

  23. _____ I‘m supposed to work by myself, there are other people who I can interact with.

  A. If only B. So long as C. Even if D. As far as

  24. We hope that all the measures against sandstorms, _____ was put forward by the committee, will be considered seriously at the meeting .

  A. while B. after C. since D. as

  25. You are the best for the job _____ you apply your mind to it.

  A. until B. if only C. in case D. unless

  26. Einstein claimed that matter and energy are interchangeable, _____ there is no “absolute” time and space.

  A. so that B. even if C. in case D. in order

  27. In a sense, men of this kind begin not so much with a musical theme _____ with a completed composition.

  A. but B. than C. as D. that

  28. You must push away the many temptations that are always present _____ your schedule is useless.

  A. and B. but C. or D. for

  3. 比较级和最高级

  1. The more time you waste, the _____(easy)it is to continue wasting time.

  2.The _____ (far)away we get from the earth, the thinner the air becomes.

  3.The greenest and _____ (plentiful) leaves are the leaves of grasses living all over the world.

  4.We know that we are getting even older, and that the nearer a society approximates to zero population growth, the _____ (old) its population is likely to be.

  5.Large or fat people who want to look _____(small)than they are usually wear dark clothes.

  6. As Jane was the _____ (old), she looked after the other children in the family.

  7. The effect of rapid travel on the body is actually far _____ (disturb) than we realize.

  8. The _____ (far) away we get from the earth, the thinner the air becomes.

  9.He was unable to sit still for _____ (long) than a few minutes.

  10.The more stress you are under, _____ (likely) you are to catch a cold.

  11. Is this because pupils from Britain‘s private schools are more intelligent than those from state schools, or are they simply _____ (well) prepared?

  12. They are too easily regarded as evaluated certainties rather than as _____ (raw) of raw materials crying to be processed into the texture of logic.

  13. The _______ (good) he feels, the more work he will do.

  4. 词形转换

  1.The continuing professional education of _____ (high) educated adults will become a third level in addition to undergraduate and professional or graduate work.

  2.The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a _____ (trick) situation.

  3.These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is _____ (specialize) in its function.

  4. The child was playing _____ (danger) near the edge of the swimming pool.

  5.We would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere _____(appreciate)of your help.

  6.Robots, becoming ___(increase)prevalent in factories, are programmed and engineered to do more jobs.

  7.The author of the text expresses a strong _____(disapprove)of working on and off frequently.

  8. The government has taken measures to reduce the total energy ______(consume)。

  5. 词汇和短语

  1.Almost everything a manager does _____ decisions; indeed, some suggest that the management process is decision making.

  A. imposes B. improvises C. involves D. indicates

  2.Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space _____which matter has fallen and _____ which nothing can escape.

  A. towards … towards B. into … from

  C. out of … from D. through … through

  3.American men don‘t cry because it is considered not _____ of men to do so.

  A. characteristic B. tolerant C. symbolic D. independent

  4.At the end of 1994 the British Government introduced new measures to help _____ domestic workers from abuse by their employers.

  A. protect B. suspect C. expect D. inspect

  5.The specific use of leisure _____ from individual to individual.

  A. ranges B. distinguishes C. varies D. covers

  6.Nations are _____ as “aged” when they have 7 per cent or more of their people aged 65 or above.

  A. limited B. classified C. originated D. processed

  7.It is touching to see how a cat or dog - especially a dog - _____ itself to family and wants to share in all its goings and comings.

  A. attributes B. applies C. assigned D. attaches

  8.She was more _____ than frightened.

  A. surprising B. interested C. hated D. surprised

  9.The attention of the public was continually _____ to new possibilities in scientific fields and the discovery of new knowledge.

  A. applied B. drawn C. referred D. thrown

  10.Few, _____ any,live their lives without some degree of unhappiness and suffering.

  A. like B. except C. if D. when

  11.Many women are too concerned _____ staying thin and they believe that vitamins are some kind of magic cure to replace food.

  A. of B. by C. with D. on

  12.In education, there should be a good balance among the branches of knowledge that contribute _____ effective thinking and wise judgment.

  A. at B. in C. for D. to

  13. _____ the numbers in employment, the hotel industry was the second largest industry in this country last year.

  A. In line with B. In terms of C. In accordance with D. In proportion to

  14.Air travel is so quick nowadays that we can leave London after breakfast and arrive in New York ____ eight hours.

  A. in B. for C. after D. until

  15.It is also true that the effect of a drug is much _____ upon youngsters than adults.

  A. bigger B. fewer C. greater D. little

  16.Because the reading _____ in most college courses are very heavy, students should plan to read every day.

  A. assignments B. schedules C. activities D. programs

  17.For long-time efficiency and happiness it is best to observe the _____ of health and sound working conditions.

  A. principles B. ideas C. elements D. factors

  18. _____ their differences, they fell passionately in love with each other.

  A. As for B. Owing to C. Despite D. Through

  19. _____ yourself to the job in hand, and you‘ll soon finish it.

  A. Reply B. Imply C. Apply D. Supply

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