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2007-05-08 17:05   【 】【我要纠错

  7. 词汇和短语

  1) 这与其说取决于候选人的个人特点不如说取决于外部因素。

  This depends on external factors rather than on a candidate‘s personal characteristics

  2) 机器人将要在哪些领域替代人的工作呢?

  In what fields will robots take over human tasks?

  3) 在表达自己的意见时,我们应该力求客观。 .

  In expressing our opinions, we should try to be as objective as possible.

  4) 从某种程度上来说,她的失败是由于运气不好。

  To some degree, she owed her failure to bad luck.

  5) 图书管理员要求学生读完杂志后放回原处。

  The librarian asked the students to replace the magazines after reading.

  6) 他对妻子要离开他的威胁没有在意。

  He took no notice of his wife‘s threat to leave him.

  7) 这个由10人组成的委员会一致支持这一决定。

  The panel / committee / board consisting of /(which was)composed of/(which was)made up of/which consisted of/ten/10 member supported the decision with one voice / all supported the decision.

  8) 科学家们将不得不提出增加世界粮食供应的新办法。

  Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world‘s food supply.

  9) 企业必须对市场需求敏感。

  Enterprises must be sensitive to the demand of the market.

  10) 高薪和福利都不能取悦工人们。

  Neither the benefits nor the high pay appeals to / pleases the workers. Neither the high pay nor the benefits appeal to / please the workers.

  11) 每个人都可以培养自己的兴趣。

  Everybody can cultivate / take to his (own) interests.

  12) 除了英语,他们还得学一门第二外语。

  In addition to / Besides English, they have to learn a second foreign language.

  13) 二十世纪六十年代美国民间音乐除表现爱情与希望外,还表现反战情绪。

  The American folk music in the 1960‘s expressed anti-war sentiments as well as love and hope.

  14) 所有的理论都来源于实践,并反过来为实践服务。

  All theories originate from practice and in turn serve practice.

  15) 候选人都尽力突出表现一种强有力的领导的形象。

  Candidates try to project a strong leadership image.

  16) 这家航空公司经营五条主干线和二十条支线。

  This air line operates five main lines and twenty branch lines.

  17) 这次考试不及格人数多得惊人。

  The number of failures in the examination is surprisingly large.

  18) 人们对于如何达到这个目标有不同的看法。

  People have different ideas/views about how to attain the goal.

  19) 这个小伙子偷偷把一块表塞进口袋,没让老师看到。

  This young man slipped a watch into his pocket without the teacher‘s knowing it/being noticed by the teacher.


  Education should enable every student to develop morally, intellectually and physically.


  The book has made a great impact/had a great effect/influence on its readers.


  Unit 1

  1. The purpose of making a decision is to establish and achieve organizational goals and objectives.

  2. Managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance.

  3. For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like.

  4. But the tendency to simplify blinds them to other alternatives.

  5. Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several alternatives is best-that is, which contributes the most to the achievement of organizational goals.

  6. Because different individuals frequently have different ideas about how to attain the goals, the best choice may depend on who makes the decision.

  7. When presented with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems, production managers see production problems, and so on.

  8. People often assume that a decision is an isolated phenomenon.

  9. The literary critics should be as objective as possible in analysis and judgment.

  10. She is always ready to argue over the smallest issues.

  11. I argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.

  12. Although he thought he was helping us with the job, he was only in the way.

  Unit 2

  13. The terms we would normally use to describe a scientific phenomenon are inadequate here.

  14. Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape.

  15. The collapse of a star may produce a White Dwarf or a neutron star-a star, whose matter is so dense that it continually shrinks by the force of its own gravity.

  16. Imagine the earth reduced to the size of a marble, but still having the same mass and a stronger gravitational pull, and you have some idea of the force of a black hole.

  17. Some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point.

  18. This process of shrinking may be so intense that a black hole results.

  19. It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.

  20. There might be a massive black hole at the center of our galaxy swallowing up stars at a very rapid rate.

  21. Very advanced technology could one day make use of the energy of black holes for mankind.

  22. He has exerted all his strength to attain his goal.

  23. He has been exerting a lot of pressure on me to change my mind.

  24. The collapse of the government left the country in confusion.

  25. The research group launched out into a series of new experiments.

  Unit 3

  26. Each time it is shown, the program starts a nationwide debate on the subject.

  27. In addition to this, a second doctor must confirm that these criteria have been met.

  28 In the vast majority of euthanasia cases, what the patient is actually asking for is something else.

  29. Euthanasia doesn‘t take into account that there are ways of caring for the dying.

  30. Anything that legally allows the shortening of life does make those people more vulnerable. Instructions will be sent immediately on request.

  31. Instructions will be sent immediately on request.

  32. Many people opposed building a new highway because of the great cost.

  33. She bore the whole burden of raising two children alone.

  34. Students are heavily burdened with home assignments.

  35. The committee demands that no member (should) be absent.

  Unit 4

  36. There are estimated to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain.

  37. And they can have their passports removed, making leaving or “escaping” virtually impossible.

  38. Of these 20,000, just under 2000 are being exploited and abused by their employers.

  39. In one of them, a Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of murder, despite protests from various quarters that her guilt had not been adequately established.

  40. I was supposed to be paid £120 but I never received that amount.

  41. My employers always threatened to report me to the Home Office or the police.

  42. Many people doubt whether this will successfully reduce the incidence of abuse.

  43. So if they do complain, they risk being deported.

  44. It is the right to change employers which distinguishes employment from slavery.

  45. The student exploits every possibility to learn English.

  46. Our country is launching a campaign against waste.

  47. We should be always aware of the status of world affairs.

  48. There are likely to be more difficulties than you were prepared for.

  Unit 5

  49. The new music was built out of materials already in existence.

  50. What happened, as well as it can be put into words, was this.

  51. They freely took over elements from jazz, from American country music, and as time went on from even more diverse sources.

  52. What developed was a music readily taking on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.

  53. In studio recordings, new techniques made possible effects that not even an electronic band could produce live.

  54. Electronic amplifiers also made possible a fantastic increase in volume, the music becoming as loud and penetrating as the human ear could stand…

  55. Often music was played out of doors, where nature provided the environment.

  56. The social and political transformation of a country is essential to the development of the society.

  57. All theories originate from practice and in turn serve practice.

  Unit 6

  58. Robots, becoming increasingly prevalent in factories and industrial plants throughout the developed world, are programmed and engineered to perform industrial tasks without human intervention.

  59. The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive materials, preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation.

  60. Robots differ from automatic machines in that after completion of one specific task, they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one.

  61. Other engineers are writing new programs allowing robots to make decisions such as whether to discard defective parts in finished products.

  62. These future robots, assembled with a sense of touch and the ability to see and make decisions, will have plenty of work to do.

  63. Anyone wanting to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics.

  64. His words cast a new light on the problem.

  65. We should be aware of the dangers of exposing children to violence on TV.


  66. People in advanced industrial societies are increasingly concerned with opportunities for leisure and what they can do in their leisure time.

  67. Generally speaking, the quality of life, especially as seen by the individual, is meaningful in terms of the degree to which these various areas of life are available or provide satisfaction to the individual.

  68. The specific use of leisure varies from individual to individual.

  69. Experiences of a different nature, be it television watching or bird-watching, can lead to a self-renewal and a more “balanced” way of life.

  70. Such attitudes amount to a recognition that leisure is an important area of life and a belief that leisure can and should be put to good use.

  71. To impart positive leisure attitudes to the general public is essential for motivating them to use their leisure in creative and satisfying ways.

  72. It can be argued that the people with whom we come into contact in these various contexts are all likely to have exerted some influence in shaping our attitudes, interests and even skills relevant to how we handle leisure.

  73. The more seriously this is sought, the more likely positive attitudes towards leisure as well as academic work will be encouraged.

  74. You have to attach a label to a box while posting it.

  75. We should make our lives relevant to the needs of the country.

  76. He always has some positive ideas on company policy.

  Unit 8

  77. The problem of Jet Lag is one every international traveler comes across at some time.

  78. The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more disturbing than we realize.

  79. He later blamed his poor judgment on Jet Lag.

  80. Now that we understand what Jet Lag is, we can go some way to overcoming it.

  81. In time, the physiological system will reset itself, but it does take time.

  82. It is not feasible to wait four days until the body is used to the new time zone.

  83. That is by no means the best way of proceeding.

  84. He didn‘t take alarm at the news.

  85. The pianist promoted a grand benefit concert.

  86. He didn‘t want to be tied to a steady job.

  Unit 9

  87. The nearer a society approximates to zero population growth, the older its population is likely to be-at least, for any future that concerns us now.

  88. To these now familiar facts a number of further facts may be added, some of them only recently recognized.

  89. There is the appreciation of the salient historical truth that the aging of advanced societies has been a sudden change.

  90. Taken together, these things have implications which are only beginning to be acknowledged.

  91. There is often resistance to the idea that it is because the birthrate fell earlier in Western and Northwestern Europe than elsewhere,… that we have grown so old.

  92. Long life is altering our society, of course, but in experiential terms.

  93. But too much of that lengthened experience, even in the wealthy West, will be experience of poverty and neglect, unless we do something about it.

  94. Your account of what happened approximates to the real facts.

  95. His earnings are out of all proportion to his skill and ability.

  Unit 10

  96. A minor-party or independent candidate,… can draw votes away from the major-party nominees but stands almost no chance of defeating them.

  97. Party loyalty has declined in recent decades, but more than two-thirds of the nation‘s voters still identify themselves as Democrats or Republicans.

  98. In deciding whether to pursue a course of action, they try to estimate its likely impact on the voters.

  99. The slogan was meant as a reminder to the candidate and the staff to keep the campaign focused on the nation‘s slow-moving economy.

  100. As in 1980, when Jimmy Carter lost to Ronald Reagan during tough economic times, the voters were motivated largely by a desire for change.

  101. Whether voters accept this image, however, depends more on external factors than on a candidate‘s personal characteristics.

  102. As in 1980, when Jimmy Carter lost to Ronald Reagan during tough economic times, the voters were motivated largely by a desire for change.

  103. Bush tried to stir images of his strong leadership of the war, but voters remained concerned about the economy.

  104. The invention is going to cause a big stir in the world.

  105. You should save up money to make provision for the future.


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