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自考英语(二)汉译英练习答案

2006-05-08 16:29  自考365社区 z.apple 【 】【我要纠错

    UNIT ONE P10

    1、决策者应该能够对将来作出最好的推测。

    Decision makers should be able to make the best guess at the future.

    2、有人认为经理们所做的一切均与决策有关。

    Some think that everything managers do have something to do with decision.

    3、没有正确的选择就没有正确的决策。

    There will be no correct decisions without choices.

    4、不同的人对同样的问题有不同的看法,所以解决的办法也不同。

    Different people have different views to the some problem, there fore have different solutions.

    5、决策者往往是公司业务发展的关键。

    Decision makers tend to be the key to the development of company‘s business.

    P12

    1、他由朋友陪同去听音乐会。

    He was accompanied to the concert by his friend.

    2、他已说服她改变决定。

    He has argued her out of the decision.

    3、在某种程度上,他的成功是由于幸运。

    In part, his success is due to good luck. 由于is because / is brought about by

    4、按照他的建议,手续已经大大简化。

    According to his suggestion, the procedures have been greatly simplified.

    5、电台预报明天天气会变冷。

    The radio station predicts that it will be cold tomorrow.  Broadcasting

    6、运动的定义是位置或地方的改变。

    Movement is defined as the change of position or place.

    UNIT TWO P39

    1、黑洞是什么,天文学家还没有完全解决这个问题。

    What are black holes? Astronomers haven‘t solved this problem completely.

    2、据说黑洞可以将其周围的一切物体,如星星吞食掉。

    It is said that black holes can swallow up everything around such as stars.

    3、对黑洞的研究刚刚开始,各种各样的假说会层出不穷。

    The research on black hole has just begun, various assumptions will spring up.

    4、科学家仍不能说出黑洞内发生了什么。

    Scientists are still unable to say what is happening is black holes.

    5、如果我们认识了黑洞,黑洞就不那么可怕了。

    If we understand black holes, they will not be terrible.

    P41

    1、黑洞产生很强的引力。

    Black holes exert a strong gravitation pull. Gravity

    2、由于管理不善,他的公司垮台了。

    Because of bad management, his company collapsed.

    3、80年代我国发射了多颗卫星。

    Our country launched several satellites in the 1980s. (主动)

    Our country launched several satellites in the 1980s. (主动)

    Several satellites were launched in our country in the 1980s.(被动)

    4、药物开始见效了吗?

    Has the medicine begun to operate?

    5、他的身影消失在黑暗中。

    His figure was swallowed up in the dark. By darkness

    UNIT THREE P59

    1、安乐死的确能解除临终病的痛苦。

    Euthanasia does end the suffering of dying patients.

    2、你知不知道荷兰是欧洲唯一允许施行安乐死的国家。

    Do you know (that) the Netherlands is the only country in Europe which permits euthanasia?

    3、支持这一观点的医生并不意味着他们不关心病人。

    Doctors for this view don‘t mean that they care about the patients.

    4、在第一个医生诊断疾病之后,必须由另外一名医生确认病情。

    After the first doctor diagnoses the disease, a second doctor must confirm the care.

    5、反对者认为病人并不一定真正希望结束生命,可能请求之后另有他求。

    Those who are against euthanasia think that patients don‘t really wish to end their lilies and there may be other need behind the request.

    P61

    1、他们要求释放犯人。

    They requested to set the prisoners free.

    2、他们的才能将保证他得到成功。

    His talent will ensure his success.

    3、他们正准备展开一场全国性的争论。

    They are preparing for opening up a nation wild wide discussion

    4、他对天气变化很敏感。

    He is sensitive to weather change.

    5、近年来他的工作质量逐渐下降。

    His work quality has been deteriorating in recent years.

    6、水的污染使居民们容易得病。

    Water pollution causes the residents vulnerable to decease.

    UNIT FOUR P94

    1、处理有关事务的政府部门没有做统计。

    The government department dealing with matters don‘t keep statistic.

    2、正因为她无法养家才同意做家仆。

    She agreed to work as a domestic servant because she couldn‘t support her family.

    It was because she couldn‘t support her family that she agreed to work as a domestic servant.

    3、她是一名沙特外交官直接从菲律宾雇到伦敦来工作的。

    She was hired by a Saudi, diplomat directly from the Philippines to work in London.

    4、家仆的工作状况得到了新闻媒介的关注。

    The working conditions of domestic have caught the attention of news media.

    5、雇主们总是威胁要把我们遣送回国。

    The employers always threaten to deport us to our own country.

    P96

    1、开发资源要适度。

    Exploiting resource should be modest.

    2、这项命令执行得很好。

    This order has been executed very well.

    3、这个项目值得进一步调查。

    This program deserves further investigation.

    4、我们已将费用减至最低额。

    We have already reduced the cost to the minimum.

    5、不论她如何说,我也不相信这个消息。

    Despite what she says, I don‘t believe the news.

    6、这条小船能把他们运用河的那边吗?

    Can the small boat bring over the river?

    UNIT FIVE P114

    1、新音乐是基于已有的三种音乐发展起来的。

    New music develops on the basis of the three kinds of music in existence.

    2、摇滚乐节奏感很强,青年人喜欢听。

    Rock and roll has a strong beat, and attracts young people.

    3、甲壳虫乐队是英国有名的摇滚乐队。

    The Beatles was a famous rock bank in Briton.

    4、现代音乐很注意观众和听众的参与。

    Modern music attacks importance to the participant of the audiences and listeners.

    5、电子扩音器使音乐变得有穿透力.

    The electronic amplifiers made music more penetrating.

    P116

    1、这一章是关于热能转化成动力的。

    This chapter is about the transformation from heat to dynamic energy.

    2、一群人自发地聚集在事故现场。

    A crowd of people assembled spontaneously on the spot of the accident.

    3、这次争吵是由误会引起的。

    The quarrel originated from misunderstanding.

    4、1949年后,军队接管了这个城市。

    The Army took over the city after 1949.

    5、为了你的健康,你不该承担太繁重的工作。

    For the sake of you health, you shouldn‘t take on too heavy work.

    UNIT SIX P149

    1、近几年,机器人的应用越来越广泛和深入。

    The application of robots has been increasingly wide and deep in recent years.

    2、新开发的机器人有触觉,可以看见物体,还能做决定。

    Newly developed robots have a sense of touch and are able to see and make decisions.

    3、机器人在汽车行业应用广泛。

    Robots are widely applied in automobile industry.

    4、感光材料、数字照相机都是照相器材。

    Light sensitive materials and digital cameras are all photography appliance.

    5、机器人与自动化机器有重大的区别。

    Robots are greatly different from automatic machine.

    P151

    1、在关键时刻,我们应该有能力面对一切困难。

    We should be capable of facing with all difficulties at critical moments.

    2、对那个问题进行考虑后,他们把注意力转移到别的事情上去了。

    After considering that problem, they switch attention to anther things.

    3、把漆喷在桌子上。

    Spray-paint the table.

    4、我们应该让孩子们接触新思想。

    We should expose the children to new ideas.

    5、我们有大量的自然资源。

    We have plenty of nature resources.

    6、对于她对法律的无知,他持批评态度。

    He is critical of his ignorance of law.

    7、在去年的三年里他从一个职业转向另一个职业。

    He has switched from one job to another in the past three years.

    UNIT SEVEN P170

    1、生活质量这一术语涉及很广泛。

    The term of life quality concerns a wide area.

    2、在生活节奏快、工作压力大的社会中,放松一下有利于健康。

    Relaxation is beneficial to health in a fast-paced and high-pressured society.

    3、人们的兴趣和爱好与社会环境和个人学习经历有关。

    People‘s interests and hobbies are relevant to social environment and personal learning experiences

    4、积极的休闲态度是鼓励人们创造性地利用空闲时间的基础。

    Positive leisure attitudes are the basis of encouraging people to make creature use of their leisure time.

    5、研究与观察结果表明,人们越来越关心生活的质量。

    The findings of researches and observations shown people are increasingly concerned about the life quality

    P172

    1、他在纠正学生错误时总是采取积极的态度。

    He rectifies students‘ mistakes with a positive attitude.

    He has a positive attitude when correcting her students‘ mistakes.

    2、旅客在登机前必须在提包上拴上标签。

    Passengers must attach labels to their bags before boarding the plane.

    3、他的肤色与他是否是个好律师无关。

    His skin color is irrelevant to weather he is a good lawyer.

    4、一艘船在大雾中隐隐出现。

    A ship in the heavy fog loomed.

    5、我方什么也没有做错。

    On our port, we have made nothing wrong.

    6、学校应该把学生的全面发展作为自己的目标。

    Schools should set the student‘s full development as their own objectives.

    UNIT EIGHT P200

    1、不难理解高速旅行给身体带来的不适。

    It‘s not difficult to understand the discomfort which high-speed traveling brings to our body.

    2、引起这一不同的原因之一是不同的人体活动由不同的因素控制。

    One of the reasons for this difference is that different body activities are controlled by different factors.

    3、食物中的蛋白质使人兴奋,而食物中的碳水化合物使人易于入睡。

    Proteins in food make people wake for while, and carbohydrates make them fall asleep easily.

    4、时差反应是每一个国际旅行者可能遇到的问题。

    Jet lag is problem which every international traveler may encounter.

    5、等待几天直至身体的调节机制自然适应新时区,这并不可行。

    It‘s not feasible to wait several days until the holiday regulatory mechanism has adapted to the new time zone.

    P202

    1、我们要增进两国之间的相互了解。

    We should promote the mutual understanding between our two countries.

    2、这个计划似乎是可行的。

    The plan seems feasible.

    3、他与现代生活不合拍。

    He is out of step with modern life.

    4、要战胜困难,首先我们要战胜自己。

    In order to overcome difficulties, we should first overcome ourselves.

    5、在他的思想和行动之间存在很大差异。

    There is a big lag between his thoughts and attention.

    6、那位模特正在寻找一个机会来有利地显示自己。

    That model is seeking an opportunity to show herself to advantage.

    7、你的假设不是建立在充分的事实基础上的。

    Your assumption doesn‘t depend on adequate facts.

    UNIT NIGHT P222

    1、老龄化已成为一个社会问题。

    Aging has become a social problem.

    2、人们反对这一看法来自于出生率的下降。

    People are against that this view causes from the decrease of birth rate.

    3、人们寿命的长短取决于种种因素。

    A man‘s life span depends on various facts.

    4、估计寿命是预计一个人能活的平均年数。

    The estimated life span is to predict the average

    5、长寿在改变我们的生活,改变我们的社会。

    Longevity is changing our life and our society.

    P224

    1、他总是不注意自己的健康。

    He always neglects his own health.

    2、这件商品的价格与它的价值很不相称。

    The price of this product is greatly out of proportion to its value.

    3、他对事件的描述接近事实。

    His description of the incident approximated to the fact.

    4、他勉强承认了他声明中的谬误之处。

    He unwilling acknowledged his mistakes in his statement.

    5、热烈的喝彩表达了他们对演出的赞赏。

    The heated cheers expressed their appreciation for the performance.

    6、记忆可分为长期记忆和短期记忆。

    Memory can be classified into short-term and long-term memory.

    7、情况发生了根本的变化。

    The situation has altered fundamentally.

    UNIT TEN P251

    1、在美国每四年举行一次总统大选。

    The presidential election is held in the USA once for years.

    2、多数党被提名者得到的支持率往往高出少数党等候人。

    The support of rate of major party nominee is higher than that of a minor party nominee.

    3、策略在总统竞选中起关键性的作用。

    Strategy plays a critical role in presidential election.

    4、为了争取选票,总统候选人特别关注那些重要的州。

    In order to draw votes presidential candidates particularly concerned about those important states.

    5、美国有十几个政策,其中只有两个党是主要党。

    There are over ten political parties in America, of which only two are major parties.

    P253

    1、他的回国将对政界产生很大的影响。

    His return from abroad will have great impact on the political circle.

    2、每个人都应关心自己国家的未来。

    Everyone should be concerned about the future of his own country.

    3、香港回归在世界各地引起了很大 震动。

    The returning of Hong Kong has caused a great stir all over the world.

    4、我认为那个被偷的录音机是我的。

    I identify that stolen recorder as mine.

    5、他是该校最有权威的代表之一。

    He is one of the most authoritative representatives in that school.

    6、他已决心攻读硕士研究生。

    He has been determined to pursue a master‘s degree.

    UNIT ELEVEN P273

    1、动物研究对人类医学的发展作出了重大的贡献。

    Animal research has contributed greatly to man‘s medical development.

    2、动物研究是否与人体健康有关,人们持不同态度。

    People hold different attitudes as to that weather animal research is relevant to physical health.

    3、用于实验的动物数量在过去二十年中已大大减少了。

    The number of animals used in experiments has been greatly reduced over the past 20 years.

    4、研究的新成果表明,少数实验可以放弃使用动物。

    New research finding show that a few experiment.

    5、尽管医学技术越来越先进,但离案例停止使用动物做实验仍然很远。

    Although medical technology is more and more advanced, it is still far from totally stopping using animals in experiments.

    P275

    1、这位艺术家在这幅画像中将你的容貌的每个细节都现现出来了。

    The artist reproduced every detail of your feature in this portrait.

    2、我们应该力争达到更高的生产率。

    We should aim for higher productivity.

    3、他提供了对这一问题极为重要的论据。

    He provide arguments central to this problem.

    4、我认为他的话不切我们的话题。

    I think his words irrelevant to our topic.

    5、由于越来越多的人进入到这座城市,这座城市的治安正发生变化。

    The security of the city is undergoing changes since more and more people are coming into it.

    UNIT TWELVEN P305

    1、最近的研究成果表明,白日做梦是日常生活的一部分。

    Resent research findings show that day dreaming is a part of daily life.

    2、白日做梦不仅有利于心态平衡,而且能提高人们的自控力。

    Day dreaming is not only beneficial to emotional equilibrium, but also enhance mans‘ self-control.

    3、历史上许多科学家与发明家曾充分利用白日梦。

    Many scientists and inventors in history once made full use of day dreaming.

    4、有的作曲家在作曲时几乎像进入了很深的白日梦状态。

    When composing, some composers seem to go into a state of day dreaming deeply.

    5、在梦境中不要将自己描绘成失败者而应该是成功者。

    Don‘t describe yourself as a loser but a winner in your daydreaming.

    P307

    1、充其量有100人参加了会议。

    There are at best too people attending the meeting.

    2、他用两年时间写完一本书,叫做《往事反思》。

    It took him two years to write the book called “Reflecting on the pasts”。

    3、我们应该正视生活中的困难,而不是逃避它们。

    We should meet with the difficulties directly in life instead of flee from them.

    4、老师的赞赏增强了他的信心。

    The teacher‘s praise enhanced his confidence.

    5、当锻炼想象力时,他应摆脱常规的思维模式。

    When exercising imagination, you should be free from the ordinary mode of thinking.

    6、你在安装设备之前要把说明书先看一遍。

    You should go over the instructions before installing the equipment.

    UNIT THIRTEEN P336

    1、如果他被迫去做他不乐意做的事,他不可能高兴。

    He wouldn‘t be happy if he is compelled to do what he doesn’t enjoy doing.

    2、一件工作被算成是劳作还是工作取决于个人的喜好。

    It is depended on personal taste whether a job is classified as worker.

    3、广义上说,任何人做的工作都对社会有益。

    In the broad sense, the work of all people is beneficial to the society.

    4、劳作与工作之间的区别与体力劳动与脑力劳动的区别并不一致。

    The difference between labor and work does not coincide with that between manual and mental job.

    5、技术与劳动分工在许多领域结束了对熟练工的需求。

    Technology and division of labor ended the need for skilled workers in many of fields.

    P338

    1、他不情愿地从事这项工作。

    He undertakes this job reluctantly.

    2、一个人的外貌和他的品质常常不一致。

    One‘s appearance does not often coincide with his characters.

    3、这个男孩喜欢集邮。

    The boy goes in for stamp collecting.

    4、雨迫使我们停赛。

    The rain compelled us to stop competing.

    5、信息对他有很大价值。

    Information is of great value to him.

    6、他通过努力工作赢得了许多人的尊敬。

    He has earned the respect of others by hard working.

    7、这家公司在北京又设立了一个分部。

    The company established a division more in Beijing.

    8、所有的错误都应从这篇文章里清除。

    All the mistakes should be eliminated from the article.

    UNIT FORTEEN P369

    1、她的劝说以失败而告终。

    Her persuasion ended in failure.

    2、我们每人都应为他人做点事。

    We should all do something for others, and give something back.

    3、这个年轻人的故事值得我们深思。

    The story of this young man deserves our reflecting.

    4、女教师超人的勇气与同情心鼓舞许多学生为他人做好事。

    The woman teacher‘s courage and compassion encouraged a lot of students to do nice things for other.

    5、一位具有非凡勇气的女教师与要杀她的凶手辩论。

    A woman teaches with extraordinary courage reasoned with the killed who wanted to murder her.

    P371

    1、探险者们在美洲东部开辟了一片土地。

    Explorers open up a piece of land in the east of America.

    2、此人声称他的建议被忽视了。

    The man alleged that his suggestion had been neglected.

    3、我怀疑他没能有效地控制时间。

    I suspect that he has failed to control his time effectively.

    4、他们的努力不起作用。

    Their effort is to no avail.

    5、你能对这一结论发表意见吗?

    Could you comment on this conduction?

    6、他相信某些植物特种正受到灭绝的威胁。

    He is convinced that some plant species are being threatened by extinction.

    UNIT FIFTEEN P400

    1、计算机将人类带入了一个新时代。

    The computer has led humans into a mew era.

    2、电脑能帮助解决生命研究中的许多问题。

    The computer is able to help solve many problem involved in life research.

    3、亚里士多德说过,诗人长于描绘共性而专家只长于某一特性。

    Aristotle said that poets are good at describing the universal but specialists the particular.

    4、现在有一种倾向,将计算机里的数据错当成智慧。

    Now there is a tendency to mistake the data in the computer for wisdom.

    5、计算机在工业领域的应用使生产效率发生了惊人的变化。

    The use of computers in industrial field, causes production efficiency to change surprisingly.

    P402

    1、根本责任在校长身上。

    The ultimate responsibility lies in the president.

    2、技术员掌握了珍贵的数据资料。

    The technician has possessed valuable data.

    3、他曾梦想用爱战胜敌对。

    The once dreamed of conquering his enemies with love.

    4、两个又胞胎如此相似,以至于很难区分他们。

    The twins are so much alike that it‘s hard to distinguish between them.

    5、他们必须仔细考虑电视中暴力行为对儿童的影响。

    They have to reflect on the effect of TV violent acts on children.

    6、一切非法建筑物都必须拆除。

    All the unlawful buildings must be pulled down.

    7、好书的产生是努力工作的结果。

    The coming about of a good book is the result of hard work.

    8、当你的朋友吵架时,你应该帮助他们和解。

    When your friends are quarreling, you should help them (to) come to terms.

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