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2012年7月自考"英语(一)"考前辅导

2012年07月06日    来源: 网络   字体:   打印

  一、试卷结构

  PART ONE(50 POINTS)

  *Vocabulary and Structure : 10 points, 1 point each

  *Cloze Test : 10 points, 1 point each

  *Reading Comprehension : 30 points, 2 points each

  PART TWO(50 POINTS)

  *Word Spelling : 10 points, 1 point for two words

  *Word Form : 10 points, 1 point each

  *Translation from Chinese into English : 15 points, 3 points each

  *Translation from English into Chinese : 15 points

  (1)知己知彼,百战不殆。根据试题结构,发现自己的薄弱环节和短期有潜力可提升的部分。(如:词形转换)

  (2)综合而言,英语(一)是对阅读和翻译的考查。

  *Word Form

  *Vocabulary and Structure

  *Cloze Test

  *Reading Comprehension

  *Word Spelling

  *Translation from Chinese into English

  *Translation from English into Chinese

  考试大纲规定,大学英语的教学目标是“使学习者能比较熟练地掌握英语基础知识和语言技能,做到具有较好的阅读能力,一定的英译汉能力和初步的听,说,写及汉译英的能力”就是最好的佐证。

  (3)主观试题(笔答题)和客观试题(选择题)各占50分,这种试卷结构要求我们主观题要努力争分,客观题要减少丢分。

  (4)掌握解答选择题的技巧(如排除法,代入法)和翻译的基本技能(如汉译英中把握主干,化简为繁;英译汉中总体把握,添词减词等。)

  二、考点综述

  考点一:单词或短语辨析。

  1. The twins are so much ____that it is difficult to tell one from the other.

  A. similar B. like C. same D. alike (1204真题)

  2. I‘m calling to ____my booking for a single room for the night of 6 June.

  A confirm B consider C contribute D convey (1204真题)

  注:动为主,名/形为辅。

  3. Have you learned how to escape from a building if fire ____?

  A. gives out B. brings out C. breaks out D. comes out (1204真题)

  4. After the new manager ____ the company, he made the business more

  profitable.

  A took down B took over C took out D took to (1204真题)

  考点二:固定搭配。

  1. The house consisted ____ three bedrooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.

  A by B in C about D of

  2. _____ that we have plenty of time, we might as well take a leisurely walk in the park.

  A For B So C Now D Since (1204真题)

  考点三:从句关系词(连接词)的选择。

  1. The evening meal is a time ____ all the family members get together and discuss the day‘s events.

  A when B in that C then D in it

  2. They discovered that the house ______ windows were broken wasunoccupied.

  A. whose B. what C. where D. which

  3.The police asked them to describe ____ the woman looked like.

  A how B what C that D who

  4. ____ you start to feel uneasy, remember: years ago, there was no such thing as iPhone.

  A. While B. If C. Since D. Because (1204 真题)

  考点四:非谓语动词的考查。(以动名词考查为重)

  1. Scientists say that the humble potato may be the key to ____the world‘s

  fast-growing population.

  A. feed B. feeding C. be fed D. be feeding

  2.我记得五年前在北京开会时见过她。 (1204 Translation 真题)

  I remember seeing her in Beijing at a meeting five years ago.

  考点五:单词构成:派生法。(以加后缀改变词性为主)

  (以下题目均为1204真题)

  1. Hard work is the basis for every great _____ (achieve)。

  2. We will have to ____ (deep) the well if we want to more water.

  3. These two issues are ____ (close) linked, so we should consider them together.

  (通常会有2-3道题目考察前缀,以否定前缀考察居多)

  4. It was totally ____ (practical) to think that we could finish the job in such a short time.

  考点六:时态考查重点: (以下均为1204真题)

  (1)一般时(一般现在和一般过去);(2)完成时(现在完成和过去完成)。

  1.他父亲认为玩电脑游戏太浪费时间。

  His father thinks that it is a waste of time playing computer games.

  2.火车晚点了,让我们等了三个多小时。

  Our train was delayed and we were kept waiting for more than three hours.

  考点七:虚拟语气考查重点:

  (1)if从句中与过去相反的虚拟;

  (2)名词性从句中的虚拟。

  1.我要是早点动身就赶上火车了。

  If I had left a little earlier, I would have caught the train.

  2. It is important that the instrument ____ before it is used. (1204真题)

  A is to be tested B be tested C will be tested D is tested

  3. He insisted we (should) stay here tonight.

  4. Anderson repeated his request that we ____the meeting.

  A. postpone B. will postpone C. must postpone D. ought to postpone

  考点八:句子结构考查重点:主谓;主谓宾和主系表。

  1.他的计划尚未得到领导的批准。

  His plan has not (yet) been approved of by the leaders.

  2. 科学家必须提出新方法以增加世界的粮食供应。

  Scientists have to come up with new methods to increase the world‘s food supply.

  3. 你们看的照片是我弟弟拍的。 (1204真题)

  The photos you are looking at were taken by my younger brother.

  考点九:从句考查重点:名词性从句(虚拟);定语从句(关系词);状语从句(条件/时间/目的/结果)。

  1. It is important that we ______ this message across to voters.

  A. get B. will get C. must get D. ought to get

  2. The hotel ____ we stayed was both comfortable and inexpensive.

  A with which B when C at which D what

  3.You can go out to play ______ you stay away from trouble.

  A. unless B. though C. in case D. as long as

  考点十:特殊句式考查重点:倒装句&比较级。

  1.我刚进门,电话铃就响了。 (1204 真题)

  No sooner had I entered the room than the telephone rang.

  2. 她越想这件事情就越生气。

  The more she thought about it, the angrier she became.

  其他特殊句式也要捎带复习,如强调句。

  3. 我想见的是你们的经理。

  It is your manager who/ that I want to see.

  三、复习要诀

  1.牢记课本不忘本。(抓根本)

  2.单词短语文中寻。(练语感)

  3.昔日题目找旧账。(找漏洞)

  4.好钢用在刀刃上。(攻弱点)

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