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06年4月国概试题最新答案(完整篇)

2006-04-28 16:46  Boisy 【 】【我要纠错

    以下是我凭记忆逐一从书上找的,所以题号是无法对应了,请大家体谅:

    选择题:

    1. Renaissance was the transitional period between the Middle Ages and modern times.(P48)

    2. The Queen also formally appoints many important office holders,including government ministers,judges.(P108)

    3. The monarchy has had only a few changes in the direct line of succession in the past 1,000 years,has been broken only once when,a republic was established between 1649 and 1660.(P107)

    4. Two of the most famous literary works of the late 17th century were:Pilgrim's Progress and Paradise Lost.(P59)

    5. The English Civil War is also called the Puritan Revolution.(P56)

    6. Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England.(P57)

    7. Under William,the feudal system in England was completely established.(P27)

    8. The Norman Conquest took place in 1066.(P24)

    9. The causes of The Hundred Years' War with France were partly territorial and partly economic.(P36)

    10. The commonwealth is a free association of independent countries that were once colonies of Britain.(P4)

    11. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge date from the 12th and 13th centuries.(P158)

    12. The Anglo-Saxon tribes were constantly at war with one another.(P21)

    13. Captain James Cook in his ship,the Endeavour,visit New Zealand.(P514)

    14. The economic consequences of the Black Death were far-reaching:the shortages of  labour.(P37)

    15. Quality newspapers are directed at readers who want full information on a wide range of public matters.(P161)

    16. Many of Britain's public schools are long-established and have gained a reputation for their high acedemic standards,as well as their exclusiveness and snobbery.(P158)

    17. MIT-Massachusetts Institute of Technology(P322)

    18. the community college has made it possible for all sections of the population to have higher education.(P328)

    19. Canada covers about two fifths of the North American continent.(P363)

    20. The President of the United States J.F.Kennedy once admitted that one third of the people of the United States went to bed hungry.(P297)

    21. The United States supplies a larger share of the imports of all other countries in the world,thus,whenever the American economy is in trouble,the economy of other countries is affected.(P297)

    22. English colonial expansion began with the colonication of Newfoundland in 1583.(P75)

    23. The establishment of the British East India Company in 1600 was a case of economic penetration.(P76)

    24. About the consequence of the Wars of the Roses :The interests of the majority of the common people were mot deeply engaged.(P40)

    25. One of the most far-reaching consequences of the Second World War was that it hastened the end of Britain's empire.(P84)

    26. With the development of industry and the extension of railroad network,there was a mushroom growth of cities.(P252)

    27. J.P.Morgan——railroad(P252)

    28. The earliest British 13 colonies along the east coast of North America,not include Maryland.(P237)

    29. The Thirteenth Amendment,which banned slavery, was added to the Constitution in December,1865.(P249)

    30. The real American literature began after the American War of Independence.(P332)

    31. One of the biggest and most exciting places in the United States on New Year's Eve is Times Square in New Uork City.(P349)

    32. Martin Luther King's best-known speech “I Have a Dream”(P350)

    33. the egg and the hare are symbols for Easter.(P353)

    34. A Partiament has a maximum duration of five years.(P110)

    35. The Great Dividing Range is Australia's main watershed,Short,swift rivers flow from the Eastern Highlands eastwards into the Pacific Ocean.(P419)

    36. Australia is politically divided into six states and two territories.(P425)

    37. Darwin is the only large city on the entire northern coast of Australia.(不是很确定P428)

    38. the United States decided to offer Western European countries economic aid,later came to be called the Marshall Plan.(P267)

    39. About Vietnam War:The morale of the American soldiers was low and drug-taking was widespread in the armed forces.Thousands of soldiers ran away from their posts in Vietnam,something which had never happened in American military history.American insistence on the contunuation of the war drew criticism from American allies and some of its allies refused to support the United States in its war efforts.(我不太确定选项内容,所以把相关内容贴出来,大家讨论对照一下吧P276)

    40. Which city is not among the five biggest cities in the U.S:Mammi(迈阿密 P225)

    41. By the Statute of Westminster in 1931 the British Dominions, including Canad,were formally declared to be partner nations with Britain.(P373)

    42. In Ireland the basic ethnic stock is Celtic.(P186)

    43. Alaska is a frontier state rich in natural resources.(记不清有没有这道P242)

    44. Those who had argued successfully in the convention for a national system called themselves Federalists.(P242)

    45. the purchase of Louisiana,at one stroke the territory owned by the U.S almost doubled.(P246)

    46. 美国人不送孩子上学是违法。(没找到相关内容)

    47. the far-reaching consequence WW2 to Britain  the end of Britain Empire

    48. Australia formed  six and two

    49. The first British settlers in Canada were American refugees, who refused to fight against the British Army in the American War of Independence, called themselves Loyalists.

    50. Summer in New Zealand is seldom uncomfortably hot.(P511)

    简答题:

    51. Why is Alfred known as “the father of the British navy”?(P23)He founded a strong fleet and is known as “The father of the British navy”。

    52. Which political party does Margaret Thatcher lead?The election of 1979 returned the Conservative Party to power and Margaret Thatcher

    53. What is IRA stand for?

    The full name for IRA is Irish Republican Army.

    54. Which Act outlawed discrimination not only in public housing,but also in employment on the basis of race,colour,religion,sex,or national orgin.  the civil rights act outlawed discrimination not only in public housing,but also in employment on the basis of race,colour,religion,sex,or national orgin.民权法案,宣布不仅在公共场所禁止种族歧视,而且在就业中所涉及的种族、肤色、宗教、性别、国籍等也禁止歧视。

    55. Why is New Zealand the first country to get the new day?Because New Zealand is just west of the International Date Line, it is the first country to get the new day.

    56. What is Canada made up of? Canada is made up of ten provinces and two territories(P365)

    57. How has the U.S in 1920s been described by many historians?Material success and spiritual frustration.(P256)

    58. What is Indentured servants——indenture servants refer to some immigrants who has to work for a fixed term for their masters to repay the cross-atlantic fare and debts.契约佣工,指一些移民必须要在一个限定的时期里为他们的雇主工作来偿还他们横渡大西洋的费用和债务。

    59. What is Britain Parliament formed of?Sovereign, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.(P110)

    60. What is Australia also known in the West? The Land Down Under(P417)

    名词解释:

    61. The Puritans清教徒

    The Puritans were wealthy, well-educated gentlemen. They wanted to purify the Church of England and threatened with religious persecution, the Puritans leaders saw the New world as the a refuge provided by God for those He meant to save.

    62. Comprehensive schools

    Comprehensives schools take pupils without reference to ability or aptitude and provide a wide-ranging secondary education for all or most of the children in a district.(P157)

    63. The Whig were those who opposed absolute monarchy and supported the right to religious freedom for Nonconformists. The Whig were to form a coalition with dissident Tories in the mid-19th century and become the Liberal Party.(本答案好像不是很标准)

    64.War Powers Act ——The War Powers Act in 1973 was that the president had to inform Congress whenever he committed American troops overseas. After 60 days , the use of military power had to win specific congressional approval.

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