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07年4月自考“英语国家概况”串讲(10)

2007-04-19 16:49   【 】【我要纠错

  III. Give brief answers to the following questions.

  1. What were the two aspects of the Norman legacy that contributed to great domestic unrest in England in the 12th and 13th centuries?

  2. When did the government establish rules for the first time to keep down wages?

  3. What did the Whigs stand for in the early 19th century?

  4. What were the two events that most alarmed the British ruling classes in the closing decades of the 18th century?

  5. Why did Edward VIII abdicate in 1936 after a reign of 10 months?

  6. Where does the Queen's expenditure arising from public duties comes from?

  7. What is the Speaker's task in the House of Commons?

  8. How do local authorities in Great Britain raise revenue?

  9. What questions did Elizabeth I treat as personal and private?

  10. What was the impact of the Wars of the Roses on feudalism in England?

  11. What were the emblems of the Houses of York and Lancaster?

  12. When was the Open University founded? Why is the Open University so called?

  13. How are the state-run television channels BBC1 and BBC2 financed?

  14. How are independent channels ITV and C4 funded?

  15. What is a “copyright” library?

  16. Which sport is regarded as typically English?

  17. What are the major boys'and girls’ “public schools” in Britain?

  18. How many provinces of the Church of England have?

  19. Why has Ireland been geographically compared to a basin?

  20. What kind of climate does Ireland have?

  21. What is the traditional tongue of Ireland?

  22. When and how did the partition of Ireland occur?

  23. When was the Downing Street Declaration issued?

  24. What were the American wartime objectives during WWII?

  25. What measure did the United States take in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

  26. What is the importance of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

  27. What were the three major features in the growth of American economy at the beginning of the 20th century?

  28. What was the basic demand of the Progressive Movement?

  29. What were the immediate causes that led the United States into WWI?

  30. What were the two guiding principles underlying American diplomatic activities in WWII?

  31. What was the Compromise of 1850?

  32. Which are the five biggest cities, in terms of population, in the United States?

  33. Can you give an example to show the awakening of American Indians?

  34. What mechanisms did the writers of the Constitution introduce to provide safeguards?

  35. What are the two special powers of the Senate?

  36. According to the Constitution, what judicial power does the President have?

  37. What did a group of women in the south do on May 30, 1868?

  38. Why was the unknown soldier buried at Arlington in 1921?

  39. What was the first uniquely American contribution to architecture?

  40. What does “leaf of grass” stand for?

  41. What is Emerson's view of man and nature?

  42. What is the composition of the federal court system in the United States?

  43. What are the two major river systems in Canada?

  44. Who were Canada's first immigrants and when did they come to North America?

  45. Where did the French settle through the 17th century?

  46. Why were the French troops defeated during the Seven Years'War (1756-1763)?

  47. Who was the first Canadian Prime Minister? What was the most important event that took place in Canada under his rule?

  48. Who was Wilfred Laurier? What happened in Canada under the liberal government?

  49. What are the three largest cities in Canada?

  50. How could you describe the climate in Canada?

  51. Who founded the first permanent settlements at Quebec and Montreal in 1608?

  52. Why is Australia called “Land Down Under”?

  53. Where is New Zealand located?

  54. What are the geographical features of New Zealand?

  55. What are the Maori people determined to do with Maoritanga?

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