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自考《英语(二)》串讲笔记(四)

2006-12-19 13:50   【 】【我要纠错

  5. Such attitudes amount to a belief _________ leisure can and should be put to good use. 正确答案为D

  [A] which

  [B] if

  [C] whether

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  6. The reason for making a decision is _________ a problem exists, goals are wrong, or something is standing in the way of accomplishing them.   正确答案为D

  [A] why

  [B] because

  [C] where

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导表语从句

  7. _________ developed was a music readily taking on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.  正确答案为A

  [A] What

  [B] Whether

  [C] That

  [D] Which

  解析:what 引导主语从句,并在主语从句中做主语

  8. Very few people understood this contract, _________ was very obscure.    正确答案为B

  [A] the language

  [B] the language of which

  [C] all it said

  [D] which it had said

  解析:the language of which引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中做主语

  9. Often music was played out of doors, _________ nature provided the environment.  正确答案为D

  [A] which

  [B] that

  [C] in which

  [D] where

  解析:where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

  10. Many of us visited the industrial exhibition, _________, to our disappointment, we saw very few high-tech products.  正确答案为A

  [A] where

  [B] which

  [C] as

  [D] that

  解析:where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

  语法题答题要诀:

  1)牢记上述表格;2)分清楚题目属于哪种具体情况;3)熟练套用正确形式;4)最后再检查一下是否应作必要的改动:如是否被动,三人称动词后加s,动词的不规则变化等。

  复习指南:在理解上述表格的适用条件后,再通过大量作题来巩固,及时纠正出现的错误,我们一定能攻克语法难题,在语法部分得到一个理想的分数!

  参考书:1.《全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)模拟试卷与应试指导》(高远主编),高等教育出版社。

  2.历年真题。

  3、课文重点句型复习

  三大原则:

  1.吃透A课文,看懂B课文;

  2.背熟可能考汉译英的句子;

  3.关注含有重点语法的句子。

  参考书:

  《大学英语自学教程(下册)——自学与自测指导》(高远主编),北京航空航天大学出版社

  Unit 1

  1. The purpose of making a decision is to establish and achieve organizational goals and objectives.

  2. Managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance.

  3. For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like.

  4. But the tendency to simplify blinds them to other alternatives.

  5. Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several alternatives is best—that is, which contributes the most to the achievement of organizational goals.

  6. Different individuals frequently have different ideas about how to attain the goals, the best choice may depend on who makes the decision.

  7. People often assume that a decision is an isolated phenomenon.

  8. The literary critics should be as objective as possible in analysis and judgment.

  9. She is always ready to argue over the smallest issues.

  10. I argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.

  11. Although he thought he was helping us with the job, he was only in the way.

  Unit 2

  12. The terms we would normally use to describe a scientific phenomenon are inadequate here.

  13. Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape.

  14. Some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point.

  15. This process of shrinking may be so intense that a black hole results.

  16. It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.

  17. Very advanced technology could one day make use of the energy of black holes for mankind.

  18. He has exerted all his strength to attain his goal.

  19. He has been exerting a lot of pressure on me to change my mind.

  20. The collapse of the government left the country in confusion.

  21. The research group launched out into a series of new experiments.

  Unit 3

  22. Each time it is shown, the program starts a nationwide debate on the subject.

  23. In addition to this, a second doctor must confirm that these criteria have been met.

  24. In the vast majority of euthanasia cases, what the patient is actually asking for is something else.

  25. Euthanasia doesn‘t take into account that there are ways of caring for the dying.

  26. Anything that legally allows the shortening of life does make those people more vulnerable.

  27. Instructions will be sent immediately on request.

  28. Many people opposed building a new highway because of the great cost.

  29. She bore the whole burden of raising two children alone.

  30. Students are heavily burdened with home assignments.

  31. The committee demands that no member (should) be absent.

  Unit 4

  32. Of these 20,000, just under 2000 are being exploited and abused by their employers.

  33. In one of them, a Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of murder, despite protests from various quarters that her guilt had not been adequately established.

  34. I was supposed to be paid £120 but I never received that amount.

  35. My employers always threatened to report me to the Home Office or the police.

  36. Many people doubt whether this will successfully reduce the incidence of abuse.

  37. So if they do complain, they risk being deported.

  38. It is the right to change employers which distinguishes employment from slavery.

  39. The student exploits every possibility to learn English.

  40. Our country is launching a campaign against waste.

  41. We should be always aware of the status of world affairs.

  42. There are likely to be more difficulties than you were prepared for.

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