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自考综合英语(二)下册详解第十一课下

2006-12-12 11:50   【 】【我要纠错

  18. …he burst into a roar of laughter. 他放声大笑起来。

  burst into:(突然)放声(大笑、高唱、痛哭)

  eg : He burst into tears when he heard the news.   

  听到那消息后,他放声大哭。

  eg : As soon as Mr. Adams entered, his Chinese colleagues burst into singing:“Happy birthday to you!”

  亚当斯先生一进来,他的中国同事就高唱起来:“祝你生日快乐!”

  eg : He burst into tears.   

  他突然哭了。

  eg : He burst into running.   

  他突然拔腿就跑。

  19. “……you'll never see it again. His business is with other men’s money.”—— He invests other men's. (Most likely he is a broker-a person who buys and sells things, for example, shares in a business, for other people. Maybe he is a banker or he runs an investment company, or that sort of thing.) .你的那一英镑是拿不回来了,他做的是别人的钱的生意。(前一句话是开开 玩笑,后一句指他是银行家或是经营投资公司。)

  business 生意,商业

  bushiness school商学院  business hours营业时间   go into business从事商业,下海经商

  20.“I think you ought to have toldme, Alan,” said Hughie in a bad temper, “and have let me make such a fool of myself”

  “艾伦,你为什么不早告诉我?”休吉生气地说。“你不应该让我出丑。”

  ought to have done sth.: should have done 表示过去应该做而没有做的事(有责备的含义)。

  eg:You should have handed in your paper last week.  

  你本应该上个星期把论文交上来。

  eg:He ought to have finished his work yesterday.  

  他本应该昨天就完成工作。

  make a fool of oneself: 因干愚蠢的事而丑

  eg:At the party, he drank too much, and made a fool of himself. 

  在聚会时,他喝酒太多,闹出不少笑话。

  eg:If you go to the funeral in this dress, you'll make a fool of yourself.

  你要是穿这件连衣裙去参加葬礼,你会出丑的。

  21. It never entered my mind that you went about giving money awayin that careless manner.

  我真没想到你会这样随便乱给别人钱。

  that从句是主语,it为形式主语。

  it never entered my mind / head that:(口语)我从未想到……(表示惊讶)

  eg:It never entered my mind that the much admired TV star was a secret agent.

  我没有想到那位倍受崇拜的电视明星居然是个间谍。

  go about sth./ doing sth.:做;着手做

  eg:It's a difficult job. I don’t know how to go about it.  

  这工作很棘手,我还不知道该怎么着手去做。

  eg: How is the family going to going about getting the money for the boy's operation?

  这家人怎么着手去为那男孩子筹集手术费?

  give sth. away: to give sth. free of charge白给;赠送

  eg:He gave away all his mother's books away when she died. 

  他母亲去世后他把她的书都送给别人了。    

  eg:He gave a lot of his books away to people who need but can not afford them.

  他把不少的藏书送给了那些需要但买不起这些书的人。

  eg:Cf. give sth.to sb. He gave all his books to the school library. 

  他把他所有书都捐献给学校图书馆了。

  不能说:He gave away all his books to the school library.

  22.I can understand your kissing a pretty model, but your giving money to an ugly one——, no!

  你要是亲吻一个漂亮的模特我能理解,不过给一个丑陋的模特钱,真不能理解!

  Kissing……, giving……动名词的复合结构

  23.“……You know he wasn't in full dress! ……he was in rags. He was not in normal clothes.

  你是知道的,他当时穿着可是不雅观。

  in full dress:礼服,正式场合的穿着(此处指有身份的人一般穿戴的衬衫、西服领带等)。

  eg: He should be in full dress going to such a party.  

  他出席这样的晚会应当穿讲究点。

  24. He was in the highest spirits after you left; kept laughing to himself and rubbing his old wrinkled hands together.

  你走之后,他的心境极佳,不断对自己大笑,一个劲地那布满皱纹的双手。

  in high spirits:情绪、心境很好,情绪高昂

  eg:  The children are in high spirits when they are playing the game.  

  孩子们玩游戏的时候特别高兴。

  eg:  He is in high spirits when talking about his son.  

  一谈论他的儿子他就情绪高昂。

  laughing to oneself:对自己乐。 talk to oneself自言自语; think to oneself自思自量。

  25. He'll invest your poud for you, Hughie, pay you the interestevery six months, and have a wonderful story to tell after dinner. 他会用你的那一英镑去投资,每六个月给你付一次利息,茶余饭后把 这件奇闻趣事当故事讲给别人听。(这里特里沃是在善意发取笑休吉,和他开玩笑,那位百万翁究竟会如何回报 那一英镑他也没有想到。)

  invest投资,投入      interest利息

  26. “I'm an unlucky evil…… ”

  devil: (used for emphasis when expressing one's opinion)a person

  a poor devil可怜的人儿   a little devil娇小的人儿

  27.“I shouldn't dare to show my face if people knew ”

  If people knew I had given a pound to a millionaire, how they would laugh at me, and how I  could face their ridicule.

  28.However, Hughie wouldn't stay, but walked home, feeling very unhappy, and leaving Alan Trevorhelpless withlaughter.

  可是,休吉再也呆不下去了,他满面愁容走回了家,把艾伦?特里沃乐得喘不上气来。

  helpless with: unable to control a strong feeling one has

  (做Alan Trevor的补足语)控制不住强烈的情感,如大笑,大怒、绝望等。

  eg:He went away helpless with despair. 

  他绝望地离开了。

  29. …a card on which was written, “Monsieur Gustave Naudin for M. le BaronHausberg.”

  写有“霍斯勃格男爵先生之代表古斯塔夫?诺丁先生”的一张名片。

  on which…… 为定语从句,修饰card. We are in a real jam. 我们的麻烦大了。

  for sb.:on behalf of sb.作为……的代表

  eg:Let me say a few words for my school.   

  让我代表我的几句话。

  M是 Monsieur的缩写,le是法语的一个冠词,相当于英语的the.

  30. “I suppose he has come for an apology,”…… “I think the man has come because the Baron wanted me to apologize formy foolish behavior yesterday (giving him one pound),”……

  for表示目的

  eg: He went to London for holidays.  

  他去伦敦度假去了。

  31.slight French accent

  accent: the way someone pronounces the words of a language, or his intonation showing which country or which part of a country he comes from乡音,口音

  Cf. dialect: a variety of a language spoken only in one area, in which words or one area, in which words or one area, in which words or grammar are slightly different from other forms of the same language方言

  32. Have I the honour ofspeaking to Monsieur Erskine? 您是厄斯金先生吗?

  have the honour of doing sth.:(正式)荣幸……

  eg:I am very happy to have the honour of speaking to you today.  

  今天我有幸给你们讲话十分高兴。

  eg:At the conference, I had the honour of meeting a number of writers I admire.

  会上我很荣幸发见到几位我崇敬的作家。

  eg: I have the honour of being invited to take part in the party.  

  我很荣幸被邀请来参加这个晚会。

  33.“The Baron,” said the old gentleman with a smile, has commissioned me to bringyou this letter……

  委托我把这封信交给您。(这是很正式的说法)

  commission sb. to do sth.: to formally ask someone to do sth.正式委托某人做

  34. On the outside was written “A wedding present to Hugh Erskine and Laura Merton, from an old beggar,” and inside was a cheque for ten thousand pounds.

  信封上写着:“休?厄斯金与劳拉?默顿新婚志喜。一老乞丐贺”,信封内是一张1万英镑的支票。

  On the outside was written, inside was a两个并列句均为倒装句。

  Hugh是常见的男性名字,是其昵称,Hughie特别正式场合一般不用昵称。

  35.…… Alan Trevor was thebest man……

  best man: a male friend or relative of a bridegroom who assists him at his wedding男傧相

  Cf.: bridesmaid女傧相

  36. “Millionaire models ” remarked Alan, “are rare enough; but model millionaires are rarer still! ”—— “There is hardly a millionaire who wants to be painted as a beggar; it is even more difficult to find a millionaire who knows how to use his money wisely. ” said Alan.

  “百万富翁的模特实已罕见,”艾伦说,“不过模范百万富翁更是凤毛麟角了!”

  此处model一词是双关语: artist's model (画家的模特)和perfect example(模范)。

  are: unusual, not common稀罕的,稀有的,不常见的

  Pandas are rare animals in the world.熊猫是世界上的稀有动物。

  这最后一句话,作者又借画家之口,用一双关词(兼有“模特”与“模范”、“楷模”的意思 ),巧妙发点出了故事的主题思想。百富翁要画家将其画成可怜兮兮的乞丐,竟意想不到发引起一个青年的同情与施舍,青年人的滴水之恩,引来了“老乞丐”的厚报,其人其事令人耳目一新;善良青年自己的生活捉襟见肘,却将最后一个英镑毫不犹疑地给了一个素不相识的乞丐,此举值得称道。什么叫富?家产万贯,却一毛不拔,非富;拥有良田万顷,却为富不仁,更非富有;无论你的财产是多,还是少,只要乐于给予,才是真正富有。

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