您的位置:自考365 > 复习指导 > 笔记串讲 > 文学 > 自考英语阅读(二)词汇汇总(UNIT35-38)

自考英语阅读(二)词汇汇总(UNIT35-38)

2007-01-16 17:15   【 】【我要纠错

  UNIT 35   THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE

  GLOSSARY

  abundantly  ad. in more than enough quantity  充足地

  alternative  n. sth. that way take the place of another thing  替代物

  availability  n. obtaining 获得

  commodity  n. goods; sth. sold for profit 商品

  consultation  n. exchange of opinions and ideas 商量;磋商

  contain  v. hold 包住,装

  contribution  n. the act of giving things or money 捐献

  convert  v. change from one form or state to another 变换,转换

  cooperation  n. working together for a common interest  合作

  core  n. the central part 核心

  emerge  v. come into being 出现

  emigration  n. leaving one‘s own country in order to go and live in another 移居

  endeavor  v. make an effort 努力

  factor  n. element 因素

  fluctuate  v. vary from one form or state to another 波动,起伏

  impact  n. effect 影响

  innovation  n. the introduction of sth. new 革新,创新

  level off   come to a stop 停滞

  merger  n. a joining of 2 or more firms, business companies, etc. 合并,联合

  objective  n. purpose of a plan 目标,目的

  pace  n. rate or speed of development  (发展的)速度,节奏

  predict  v. see or describe a future happening in advance 预见,预言

  preserve  v. keep safe from harm or danger 保护,防护

  release  v. give off 释放,放出

  renewed  a. of being repeated 重新开始的;(中断之后)继续的

  risky  a. full of danger  危险的

  scarcity  n. inadequate supply compared with demands 缺乏,匮乏

  specify  v. mention exactly 详细介绍,详细说明

  speculate  v. guess 推测,猜测

  storage  n. keeping things in a place for later use 贮藏;贮存

  sustain  v. support 支撑,支持

  tourism  n. the business of providing tours for tourists 旅游业

  trend  n. tendency 趋势,倾向

  various  a. different from each other 各种各样的,各不相同的

  converter  n. 变换器

  dietary  a.饮食的

  geothermal  a. 地热的

  geyser  n. 间歇喷泉

  hydrogen  n.氢

  lava  n.熔岩

  radiation  n.辐射

  saturation  n. 饱和

  solar  a. 太阳的

  thermal  a.热的

  uranium  n.铀

  UNIT  36

  THE WORLD BANK AND THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

  GLOSSARY

  adjust  v.  change slightly, esp. in order to make suitable for a particular job or new conditions  调整

  appraise  v.  judge the worth, quality, or condition of  估价,评估

  combine  v.  come together, unite, act together, or join together  结合,联合

  concentrate  v.  (cause to)come together in or around one place  集中

  contribute  v.  help in bringing about;have a share in  出一份力

  cooperative  a.  make, done, or worked by people acting together  合作的

  credit  n.  the sum of money placed at a person‘s disposal by a bank, etc.; advance or loan  存款;贷款

  currency  n.  the particular type of money in use in a country  货币

  defend  v.  keep safe from harm  防卫

  deflate  v.  reduce the supply of money (of) or lower the level of  紧缩(银根)

  disequilibria  n.  loss or lack of balance  失衡

  envisage  v.  have picture in the mind; imagine  设想,想像

  establish  v.  set up  建立

  evaluate  v.  calculate the value or degree of  估价,把…定值

  extreme  a.  the greatest possible  极端的

  fiscal  a.  of or related to public money, taxes, debts, etc.  财政的

  gallant  a.  courageous  有勇气的

  imply  v.  involve the truth of  意指,暗指

  institution  n.  a large society or organization  机构

  invest  v.  put money into something that will increase in value  投资

  lynchpin  n.  an important part  关键

  mitigation  n.  lessening the seriousness of  缓解,缓和

  nurture  v.  train, educate or develop  养育,培育,教养

  peg  v.  fix or hold at a certain level  固定,限定

  persist  v.  continue firmly  坚持

  premium  n.  money paid to an insurance company  保险费

  private  a.  personal; not shared with others  私人的,个人的

  proceeds  n.  money gained from the sale  收入,收益

  proportion  n.  a part or share  部份,份儿

  sound  a.  solid and strong  坚实的,稳定的

  sour  v.  turning out to be bad or wrong; disappointing  使变酸腐;使失望

  speculate  v.  buy or deal in goods , shares, etc.  投机

  stable  a.  not easily  moved, upset, or changed; firm; steady  稳固的,稳定的

  subscribe  v.  give money to  捐助

  surplus  n.  (an amount ) additional to what is needed or use, as of money  余额

  float bands  发行债券

  parity  n.  平价(指官定货币汇兑比值)

  softloan  n.  软币贷款

  UNIT 37  COSMIC CLOSE-UPS

  GLOSSARY

  astronaut  n. a person who travels through space in a space vehicle 宇航员

  astrophysics  n. the scientific study of the chemical nature of the stars and the natural  forces that influence them 天体物理学

  billow  v. rise and roll in waves (波浪似地)翻腾

  breathtaking  a. very exciting 激动人心地

  capture  v. hold the interest of; captivate 引起(注意);迷住

  cataclysm  n. a violent and sudden change or event  灾变,大变动

  churn  v. (cause to) more about violently 剧烈搅动

  collaborate  v. work together or with someone else   协作,合作

  collision  n. the action of meeting and striking (together) violently 碰撞,冲突

  cosmic  a. of or related to the whole universe 宇宙的

  cosmos  n. the whole universe 宇宙

  crucial  a. of deciding importance 决定性的,关键的

  devastate  v. destroy completely 彻底破坏

  dimension  n. a measurement in any one direction 尺寸,尺度,维

  distract  v. take (a person or a person‘s mind) off sth. 分散,分心

  domesticate  v. make…able to live with and serve man 驯化,使归化

  elliptical  a. having the shape of oval 椭圆型的

  exquisite  a. very finely made or done; sensitive and delicate 优美的,精巧的,敏锐的

  fragment  n. a small broken piece 碎块,断片

  galaxy  n. any of the large groups of stars which make up the universe 星系

  gigantic  a. unusually large in amount or size 巨人似的,庞大的

  gravitation  n. the act of drawing down 地心引力,吸引力

  horizon  n. line at which earth and sky meet 地平线

  illuminate v. give light to 照亮,照明

  intricate  a. containing many detailed parts and thus difficult to understand  复杂的,难懂的

  melancholy  n. sadness, esp. over a period of time and not for any particular reason 伤感,忧郁

  mission  n. the duty or purpose for which a certain group of people are sent 使命,任务

  momentous  a. extremely important 重大的,重要的

  mothball  v. be in storage  封存

  obscure  a. hard to understand; not clear  昏暗的,模糊不清的

  observatory  n. a place from which scientists watch the stars and other heavenly bodies 天文台

  opaque  a. lasting for ever or for a long time 永恒的,不断的

  perspective  n. a view, esp. one stretching far into the distance  前景,展望

  plausible  a. seeming to be true or reasonable 似合理的

  potential  a. existing in possibility  潜在的,有可能性的

  precision  n. great exactness 精确,精密

  profound  a. having, showing or suing thorough knowledge and deep understanding 深刻的,渊博的

  radiate  v. send out (light or heat) 发射,散发(光,热等)

  redeem  v. make a mends for 修复

  remarkable  a. unusual, noticeable  非凡的,显著的

  satellite  n. a heavenly body moving around a larger one (a planet) 卫星

  scramble  v. move or clime quickly, esp. over a rough or steep surface 攀爬,攀登

  sear  v. burn with a sudden powerful heat  烧焦,烧灼

  shroud  v. cover and hide 覆盖,掩蔽

  smudge  v. make or become dirty with a mark of rubbing 弄脏,涂污

  spectacular  a. grandly out of the ordinary; attracting excited notice 壮观的,引人注意的

  spew  v. come out in a rush or flood, gush 涌出,喷

  startling  a. caused to jump or be quickly surprised 令人吃惊的

  stun  v. cause to lose the senses or sense of balance 使晕眩unravel  v. make clear 阐明,澄清

  vista  n. a distant view, to which the eye is directed between narrow limits, as by rows of trees 远景,深景

  comet  n. 慧星

  multimegaton  n. 数百尤吨级

  quasar  n. 类星体

  ultraviolet  n. 紫外线

  UNIT  38    POLLUTION IS A DIRTY WORD

  GLOSSARY

  abandon  vt.  give up  放弃,废弃

  absorb  v.  take or suck in  吸入

  concentration  n.  bringing or coming together at one point  集中

  consume  v.  eat or drink; use or use up  吃光,喝光;消费

  consumption  n.  the act of consuming  消耗;消费

  contaminate  vt.  make dirty, impure or diseased  弄脏,污染

  convert  v.  change sth. from one form into another  使转化

  crucial  a.  decisive; of deciding importance  决定性的,紧要关头的

  dilemma  n.  a problem situation for which there is no desirable solution  困境

  discard  v.  get rid of as useless  丢弃

  disposable  a.  intended to be used once and then thrown away  一次性使用的

  dispose  v.  get rid of  除掉

  drastic  a.  strong, sudden and often violent or severe  激烈的,猛烈的

  dump  v.  throw or drop in a heap or carelessly  倾倒

  eliminate  vt.  remove; get rid of  除掉

  exceptionally  a.  unusually  异常的

  exhaust  v.  use up  耗尽

  foresight  n.  ability to see into the future  预见力

  hover  n.  remain in the air at one place  盘旋,翱翔

  impurity  n.  foreign material which make sth. unfit for use; the state of not being pure  杂质

  ingenious  a.  clever and skillful in doing or inventing sth.  灵巧的

  intensify  v.  make stronger or more serious  使强化;加剧

  invaluable  a.  too valuable for the worth to be measured  无价的

  junkyard  n.  a place where old useless things are discarded  垃圾场

  leftover  n.  remaining  剩余;残物

  manufacture  v.  make or produce by machinery, esp. in large quantities  制造

  orient  v.  give direction or guidance to  定…的位;调整

  purify  v.  make pure  提纯;纯化

  reusable  a.  that can be used again  可再利用的

  sludge  n.  thick mud; the product of sewage treatment  淤泥,污泥

  smokestack  n.  chimney used by factories to discharge smoke into the upper air  大烟囱

  stack  n.  a pile of sth., like lumber  堆,垃圾堆

  stumble  vi.  trip and almost fall  绊一脚,绊跌

  thereby  ad.  by that means; in that connection  由此,从而

  unsightly  a.  displeasing to the eye  不顺眼的;难看的

  vicious  a.  dangerous; cruel  险恶的

  wear out   reduce to a useless state by use  磨损,用坏

  compressor  n.  压缩机

  diaper  n.  尿布

  toaster  n.  烤面包器;烤面包电炉

  toothpaste tube  牙膏管;牙膏皮

  wrapper  n.  包装物

本文转载链接:自考英语阅读(二)词汇汇总(UNIT35-38)

分享到:
  • 站内搜索
  • 课程搜索
  • 试题搜索

热门搜索:教材 报名 查分 免考 考试计划