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自考英语阅读(二)词汇汇总(UNIT5-12)

2007-01-16 17:15   【 】【我要纠错

  UNIT 5    LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS? OF COURSE!

  GLOSSARY

  absorb  v. take in or suck in 吸收

  atmosphere  n. the mixed gases that surrounds any heavenly body  大气,大气层

  celestial   a. of or belonging to the sky or heaven  天的,天空的

  collaborate  v. work together of with someone else  合作,协作

  colonize  v. make a group of people from the same country or the same religion live together in another place or country 移(民)于殖民地

  communicate  v. share of exchange opinions, news, information (意见等的)交换,交流

  conceal  v. hide; keep from being seen or known 隐藏,隐瞒

  dim  a. not bright 不明亮的

  emission  n. the act of sending out (esp. heat, light, smell, sound) 散发,发射

  explore  v. travel into or through (a space for the purpose of discovery) 勘探,探险

  homogeneity  n. parts of the same kind 同种;同质

  imagine  v. form ( a picture or idea) in the mind 想象;设想

  inhabit  v. live in 居住于;栖息于

  intelligence  n. mental ability 智力;才智

  loft  v. make high into the air 把…向高处发射

  observation  n. action of noticing or watching  注意;观察

  opinion  n. idea  意见;看法

  permit  v. allow 允许;许可

  phenomenon  n. a fact or event in nature as it appears or is experienced by the senses, esp. one that is unusual and/or of scientific interest 现象

  precise  a. exact in form, detail, measurements, time, etc. 精确的,准确的

  probe  n. an apparatus sent into the sky to examine condition in outer space 探测器;探测飞船

  revolutionize  . cause a complete change  彻底变革

  rig  n. a piece of apparatus (for a special purpose) 钻探设备(平台);装备;设备

  satellite  n. a heavenly body moving around a larger one 卫星

  slightly  ad. a bit; not greatly 稍微,一点儿

  solar  a. of, from, or concerning the sun 太阳的,来自太阳的,与太阳有关的

  space  n. where other heavenly bodies move 空间,太空

  telescope  n. a tubelike scientific instrument used for seeing distant objects by making them appear nearer and larger 望远镜

  vessel  n. a ship or large boat  船

  comet  n. 彗星

  extraterrestrial  a. 地球大气圈外的

  galaxy  n. 星系;(G-)银河(系)

  luminescence  n. 发光

  Mars  n. 火星

  molecule  n. 分子

  Neptune  n. 海王星

  orbit  n. (天体)运行轨道

  planet  n. 行星

  rendezvous  n.宇宙飞船汇合点

  Venus  n. 金星

  UNIT  6     TWILIGHT ROBBERY ON THE GREEN

  GLOSSARY

  assailant  n.  attacker  攻击者

  be-leathered  a.  wearing a leather jacket or suit; dressed in leather  穿皮衣服的

  brisk  a.  quick and active  轻快的,活跃的

  catch up  v.  bring or come up to date; come up from behind  赶上

  coercion  n.  using force or threats of punishment  压制,高压统治

  con  n.  trick  骗局

  confide  vt.  tell a secret to sb.  吐露(秘密等)

  courteously  a.  politely, kindly  有礼貌的

  critic  n.  a person who forms and gives judgements, esp. for art, music, etc.  批评家,评论家

  dole out  vt.  give in small quantities  少量地发放(救济品)embarrassment  n.  feeling of shame  窘迫

  expletive  n.  meaningless words used for swearing, to express violent feelings  赌咒语

  groggily  ad.  weakly; unsteadily  虚弱地;脚步踉跄地

  jostle  vt.  knock or push against  挤,推

  lurch  vi.  move with irregular and sudden movements  蹒跚,东倒西歪地向前

  overdone  a.  cooked too much  煮得太久的

  particular  n.  detail  细节

  philanthropic  a.  kind and helpful  慈善的

  profusely  ad.  plentifully; abundantly  极其丰富的,充沛的;过多的

  relentless  a.  without pity  无情的,不仁慈的

  respective  a.  of or for each one; particular and separate  各个的,分别的

  review  n.  an article giving judgments on new books, plays, and public events  评论(文章),综述

  scrabble  v.  move wildly and quickly  挣扎

  scruffy  a.  dirty and untidy  褴褛的,不整洁的

  sozzled  a.  drunk  烂醉的

  stew  vt.  cook slowly and gently in liquid in a closed vessel 煨,炖

  stocky  a.  thick, short and strong  矮胖的,粗壮的

  sturdy  a.  strong and firm, esp. in body  强健的,茁壮的

  thrash  v.  move wildly or violently about  猛烈摆动,颠簸

  thrust  v.  push forcefully and suddenly  刺,戳

  trio  n.  any group of 3 people or things  三重奏,三件套,三人一组

  tuck  v.  draw together into a small place; put into a desired or convenient position  折拢;塞

  twilight  n.  the time when day is just starting to become night; the faint darkish light in the sky during this time  黄昏,暮色

  unshaven  a.  not shaved  不剃须的

  venom  n.  great hatred; liquid poison which certain snakes, insects, etc. use in biting or stinging  恶意;(毒蛇等的)毒液

  whereupon  ad.  immediately after that  因此,于是

  Adam‘s apple  喉结

  UNIT 7    SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST

  GLOSSARY

  adapt  vt. change so as to be suitable for 使适应,使适合

  background  n. the scenery of ground behind sth. 背景

  blend  vt. (cause to) mix  混合;把…混为一体

  camouflage  n. a way of using colouring or shape which makes it difficult to see or find sth.  伪装;掩饰

  consist of   be made up of 由…构成;由…组成

  contrast  vt. compare so that differences are made clear  对照;比较

  creature  n. a living animal 生物;动物

  deform  vt. spoil the form of; spoil the appearance of  损坏…的形状;使变丑

  evolve  vi. develop gradually 进展;进化

  evolutionary  a. 发展的;进化的

  extinct  a. no longer in existence 灭绝的;绝种的

  grime  n. a surface of thick black dirt  (表面上的)积垢

  hypothesis  n. idea which is thought suitable to explain the facts about sth. 假设;前提

  investigate  v. make a careful study of 调查研究;调查

  mutation  n. change in the cells of a living thing  (细胞的)变异

  mystery  n. sth. that can not be explained or understood 神秘的事物;不可思议的事物

  opposite  a. contrary or entirely different  相反的;对立的

  predator  n. animal living by killing and eating other animals 捕食者;捕食其它动物者

  prey  v. take or hunt as food  捕猎

  n. an animal that is hunted and eaten by another animal 被捕食者

  recapture  v. take or make prisoner again 重获;夺回

  reject  v. refuse to accept  拒绝;抵制

  release  v. set free 释放;解放

  reproduce  v. bring forth as offspring; produce the young of 繁殖;生殖

  soot  n. black power left by smoke on surface 煤烟;烟灰

  suppose  v. let it be thought that 猜想;想象

  survival  n. the fact or likelihood of surviving 幸存;残存;存活

  survive  v. continue to live, esp. after coming close to death 幸存;活下来

  trunk  n. the main stem of a tree 树干

  vice versa  the other way round 反过来

  visible  a. that can be seen  看得见的,可见的

  chameleon  n. 变色晰蜴;变色龙

  chromosome  n. 染色体

  gene  n. 基因

  genetic  a. 基因的;遗传学的

  percentage  n.百分比

  UNIT 8   WHAT ARE COMPUTERS?

  GLOSSARY

  achievement  n.  sth. successfully finished or gained, esp. through skill and hard work  完成,成就

  advance  n.  development or improvement; forward movement  前进,进展

  attach  vt.  fix; fasten; join  缚,系

  carving  n.  making by cutting  雕刻

  count  vt.  tell or find the total number of  数数,计算

  distract  v.  draw sb.‘s attention away from sth.  使(人)分心

  distribute  v.  give out or deliver; divide among several or many  分发,分配

  fraction  n.  a very small piece or amount  碎片,小部分

  gather  v.  obtain bit by bit  收集

  imitate v.  take as an example; make a likeness of  模仿

  industrialize  vt.  cause to become industrially developed  使工业化

  keep track of  keep oneself informed about a person, state of affairs, etc.  使自己了解情况

  manipulation  n.  handling; controlling  操纵,应付,处理

  originality  n.  the quality of being of a new type or different from others of the same type  独创性,创造力processing  n.  putting facts, numbers, etc. into computer for examination  (输入计算机)处理regardless of  without worrying about; careless about   不管,无论如何

  register  v.  show or record; put into an official list or record  登记,注册

  sufficiently  ad.  enough  足够地

  survey  v.  examine the general condition of审视,概括地观察

  tremendous  a.  very great in size, amount, or degree  极大的

  troublesome  a.  causing trouble or anxiety; annoying   令人烦恼的,讨厌的

  analog  n.  类似物

  carrier pigeon  信鸽

  digital  a.  数字的

  electronic  a.  电子的

  equation  n.  等式

  graph  n.  (曲线)图;图表

  hieroglyphic  n.  象形文字

  lever  n.  杆;杠杆

  microscope  n.  显微镜

  pulley  n.  滑轮

  tablet  n.  书板(古代用木、石等制成的平板,供写刻文字用)

  telescope  n.  望远镜

  turnstile  n. (入口处等的)旋转式栅门;绕杆

  UNIT 9  HOW DO HOMING PIGEONS FIND HOME?

  GLOSSARY

  ability  n. power and skill, esp. to do, think, act, make etc. 能力,才能

  accurate  a. free of mistakes; exactly correct 准确的;精确的

  biology  n. the scientific study of living thing 生物学

  blur  v. make difficult to see (through or with) clearly 把…弄得模糊不清

  brass  n. a very hard bright yellow metal, a mixture of copper and zinc 黄铜

  built-in  a. internally fixed 内在的,固定的

  compass  n. an instrument for showing direction, usu. consisting of a free-moving magnetic needle which always moves to point to the north 指南针

  complex  a. difficult to understand or explain  难以理解的;复杂的

  extra  a. beyond what is usual or necessary 额外的

  measure  v. find the size, length, amount, etc.  量;测量;估量

  messenger  n. a person who brings one or more pieces of information  送信者;使者

  mystery  n. sth. which can not be explained or understood 神秘的事物;难以解释的事物

  navigate  v. direct the course of ( a ship, plane, etc.) 导航

  overcast  a. dark with clouds  多云的;阴暗的

  race  v. compete in speed 比速度;参加竞赛

  shift  v. change in position or direction; move from one place to another  转变;转移

  biological clock 生物钟

  gelatin  n. 动物胶

  magnetic  a. 有磁性的

  UNIT 10      WALKING  IN  SPACE

  GLOSSARY

  astronaut  n.  a person who travels through space in a space vehicle  宇航员

  attain  v.  reach  到达

  comparable  a.  capable of being compared  可比较的

  conquest  n.  gaining control over  征服,赢得

  cosmos  n.  the whole universe  宇宙

  crush  v.  press or be pressed, so that there is breaking or injury  压碎,榨

  demonstrate  vt.  show clearly by giving proofs or examples  表演,演示

  deprive  v.  take away from; prevent from using or enjoying  剥夺,使丧失

  diffuse  v.  cause to spread out freely in all directions  使扩散,使渗出

  directly  ad.  straightly  直率地

  disappointed  a.  sad at not getting what was hoped for  失望的

  disk  n.  round, flat-like object  圆盘状物

  distance  n.  the amount of separation in space or time  时空上的距离

  drift  v.  float or be driven along by wind, waves or current  漂移,使漂流

  equip  v.  provide with what is necessary  装备,配备

  feat  n.  noteworthy achievement  功绩

  gravity  n.  force of attraction between any two objects, esp. that force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth  引力,重力

  inkling   n.  hint   暗示、细微的迹象

  permit  v.  allow  允许

  phenomenon  n.  fact or event that appears to or is perceived by the senses  现象

  previous  a.  happening, coming or being earlier in time or order  先前的,过早的

  realm  n.  complete domain  领域,范围

  relief  n.  elevation of land surfaces  地势的起伏

  resemble  v.  look or be like  像,类似

  resistance  n.  force opposed to anything moving  抵抗力,阻力

  revolution  n.  circular movement round a fixed point  旋转,绕转

  revolve  v.  spin or go round in a circle  旋转,绕转

  simultaneously  at the same time  同时地

  spaceship  a vehicle able to travel in space  宇宙飞船

  subject (to)  v.  bring under control; cause to undergo or experience; expose  使隶属;使遭受;使暴露

  swell up  increase in fullness and roundness  膨胀

  twinkle  v.  shine with a light that gleams unsteadily  闪烁,闪耀

  wanderings  n.  movement from place to place  漫游,闲逛

  bellows  n.  风箱

  gravitation  n.  万有引力,地心引力

  satellite  n.  卫星

  shutter  n.  (照相机)快门

  velvet  n.  天鹅绒

  UNIT 12    DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

  GLOSSARY

  appetite  n. physical desire for food 食欲

  application  n. use应用

  arise  v. come into existence; appear 出现

  attendant  a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

  authority  n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

  category  n. division or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

  challenge  v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

  compensate  v. give sth. to make up 弥补

  confine  v. restrict  限制

  contender  n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

  deficiency  n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

  derive  v. get 获得,得到

  describe  v. say what is like 描写;描述

  dictate  v. drive 驱使

  element  n. a small amount 小量

  excrete  v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

  genuine  a. real 真正的

  guardian  n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property  保护人

  indiscriminately  ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

  individual  n. a single being 个人

  instinctively  ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

  investigate  v. make a careful study of 调查

  junk  n. material of poor quality  劣质品

  lapse  n. shortage  缺乏

  mimic  v. appear so like 酷似

  pertinent  a. relevant  有关的,相干的

  potent  a. strongly effective 有效力的

  prudent  a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

  purchase  n. buying 买

  relieve  v. lessen 减轻

  replace  v. take the place of 取代

  resort   n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

  rubbish  n. waste material 垃圾;废物

  safeguard  n. the thing to give protection 保护物

  scarcely  ad. almost not 几乎不

  super  a. wonderful 极好的

  supplement  n. sth. added 添加物

  teetotaler  n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

  trial  n. testing 试验

  ubiquitous  a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

  calory   n.(热量)卡

  carbohydrate  n. 碳水化合物

  clinical  a. 临床的

  density  n. 浓度

  dose  n. 剂量

  hamburger  n. 汉堡包

  mineral  n. 矿物质

  nutrition  n. 营养

  nutritious  n. 营养的

  pizza  n.(意大利)馅饼

  placebo  n.安慰药

  prophylactic  a. 预防性的

  protein  n. 蛋白质

  psychological   a. 心理上的

  psychology  n.心理学

  snack  n. 快餐

  symptom  n. 症状

  therapeutic   a. 治疗的

  therapy  n. 疗法

  urine  n. 尿

  vitamin  n. 维生素

  UNIT 11    DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

  GLOSSARY

  appetite  n. physical desire for food 食欲

  application  n. use应用

  arise  v. come into existence; appear 出现

  attendant  a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

  authority  n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

  category  n. division or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

  challenge  v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

  compensate  v. give sth. to make up 弥补

  confine  v. restrict  限制

  contender  n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

  deficiency  n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

  derive  v. get 获得,得到

  describe  v. say what is like 描写;描述

  dictate  v. drive 驱使

  element  n. a small amount 小量

  excrete  v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

  genuine  a. real 真正的

  guardian  n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property  保护人

  indiscriminately  ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

  individual  n. a single being 个人

  instinctively  ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

  investigate  v. make a careful study of 调查

  junk  n. material of poor quality  劣质品

  lapse  n. shortage  缺乏

  mimic  v. appear so like 酷似

  pertinent  a. relevant  有关的,相干的

  potent  a. strongly effective 有效力的

  prudent  a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

  purchase  n. buying 买

  relieve  v. lessen 减轻

  replace  v. take the place of 取代

  resort   n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

  rubbish  n. waste material 垃圾;废物

  safeguard  n. the thing to give protection 保护物

  scarcely  ad. almost not 几乎不

  super  a. wonderful 极好的

  supplement  n. sth. added 添加物

  teetotaler  n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

  trial  n. testing 试验

  ubiquitous  a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

  calory   n.(热量)卡

  carbohydrate  n. 碳水化合物

  clinical  a. 临床的

  density  n. 浓度

  dose  n. 剂量

  hamburger  n. 汉堡包

  mineral  n. 矿物质

  nutrition  n. 营养

  nutritious  n. 营养的

  pizza  n.(意大利)馅饼

  placebo  n.安慰药

  prophylactic  a. 预防性的

  protein  n. 蛋白质

  psychological   a. 心理上的

  psychology  n.心理学

  snack  n. 快餐

  symptom  n. 症状

  therapeutic   a. 治疗的

  therapy  n. 疗法

  urine  n. 尿

  vitamin  n. 维生素

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