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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(55)

2007-09-06 09:46   【 】【我要纠错

  Para.3

  4.Robots, already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning to be seen, although to a lesser degree, in other industries as well.

  本句中, “already taking over human tasks in the automotive field” 是现在分词词组作非限定性定语,相当于一个非限制性定语从句。其中 “ although to a lesser degree” 是状语。 “ to … degree” 表示“在某种程度上”。

  翻译:“除了在汽车生产领域替代工人劳动外,机器人也开始在别的工业部门应用,虽然应用的程度上低一些。”

  5.There they build electric motors, small appliances, pocket calculators, and even watches.

  在其它领域机器人用来做电机,小的用具,袖珍计算器,甚至是手表。

  6.The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive materials, preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation.

  句中“ nuclear power ” :核电站

  “used in nuclear power plants” 是过去分词短语作定语修饰“the robots”此句话谓语是“ handle”意思是搬运,处理。

  prevent from : 阻止做…。

  eg. The medicine will prevent you from getting cold.

  “preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation” 是分词作状语。“prevent … from doing sth.”是固定搭配表示“阻止… 做…”

  These are the robots responsible for the reduction in job-related injuries in this new industry.

  be responsible for : 对…。负责任

  在新的工业领域中机器人用来减少所有与工作有关的事故的发生。

  第二部分 Para.4

  7.What makes a robot a robot and not just another kind of automatic machine?

  make 可带有双宾语

  译文:是什么使得一个机器人是机器人而不是一个自动化机器呢?

  例如: All work and no play made Jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩使杰克成了傻孩子。

  (只工作不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。 只会工作不会玩儿,杰克变成小傻孩儿。)

  8.Robots differ from automatic machines in that after completion of one specific task, they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one.

  在此句中, “ in that” 是复合连词。表示:“原因是…,因为,在于……” 可以看作是引导原因状语从句。

  与“in that” 相类似的复合连词还有:but that (若不是) now that (既然)等。

  (参看教材P.145的注释4中的例句)

  9.As an example, a robot doing spot welding one month can be reprogrammed and switched to spray painting the next .

  句中doing spot welding one month 是分词短语作定语修饰robot;

  the next相当于 the next month 与前边的one month 相呼应。

  本句意思是:“例如,一个机器人这个月做点焊工作,下个月可以重新编程去做喷漆工作。”

  10.Automatic machines, on the other hand, are not capable of many different uses; they are built to perform only one task.

  自动化机床,没有能力去做许多不同用途,它们被制造出来只是做一件事情。

  第三部分 Paras.5-7

  Para.5

  39.The next generation of robots will be able to see objects, will have a sense of touch, and will make critical decisions.

  下一代机器人将会有视觉、触觉并且能够做关键性的决策。

  40. Engineers skilled in microelectronics and computer technology are developing artificial vision for robots.

  skilled是过去分词短语作定语

  artificial : 人工的

  在微电子学和计算机技术上有专长的工程技术人员正研制机器人的人工视觉。

  3.With the ability to “see”, robots can identify and inspect one specific class of objects out of

  a stack of different kinds of materials .

  identify: 识别

  inspect: 检查

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