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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(133)

2007-09-11 14:38   【 】【我要纠错

  18.convince: vt. 使确认,使信服 ( to convince sb. to do sth. )

  e.g. I can easily convince you of his ignorance. 我可以很容易地使你相信他的无知。

  He was convinced to withdraw from running for the presidency.他被劝说退出总统竞选。

  He is convinced that some plants are threatened with extinction.

  他相信某些植物物种正受到灭绝的威胁。

  19.excerpt n./vt. 摘录,节录

  20.beloved a./n. 为…所爱的;亲爱的;心爱的人

  21.foster vt. 鼓励,促进;养育,抚养

  22.persuasion : n. 劝说,说服

  派生词:persuade v. 劝说,说服 ( to persuade sb. to do sth. )

  e.g. All our persuasion was of no use; she would not come. 我们所有的劝说都没有用;她不肯来。

  The salesman persuaded us to buy into buying his products. 那推销员说服我们购买了他的产品。

  23.avail : v. / n. 有利,有助

  派生词:available a. 可得到的,可利用的

  e.g. You should avail yourself of every chance to improve your English. 你应该利用一切机会提高你的英语。

  The medicine didn‘t avail against the disease. 这药对这种病没有产生疗效。

  Their efforts were to no avail. 他们的努力不起作用。

  24.hiker n. 徒步旅行者

  25.smother vt./vi. 使窒息,把…闷死;忍住;窒息

  26.suspect : vt. / n. 怀疑,推测;/ 嫌疑犯,可疑分子

  e.g. He suspected a scheme against his life. 他怀疑有人要谋害他的性命。

  The security department suspected him of giving information to a foreign company.

  安全部门怀疑他向一家外国公司提供情报。

  I suspect that he has failed to arrange his time efficiently. 我怀疑他没有能力有效地控制时间。

  suspect 是比较确定的怀疑

  doubt 是对某事不相信,怀疑

  27.county n.(英国)郡;县

  28.profound :a. 深刻的,深奥的

  e.g. This is a profound theory. 这是一个深奥的理论。

  Those two lines of poetry express perfectly the profound sadness of loss.

  这两行诗完美地表达了失去亲人的深切的悲痛。

  29.juvenile a./n. 青少年的,青少年

  30.materialism n. [哲]唯物主义,唯物论

  31.solicit vt. 请求,恳求

  32.p.a.(=public address) system 有线广播,扩音系统

  33.merchant n. 商人

  34.heartbreaking a. 使人心碎的

  35.resonance n. 回声,反响;共振,共鸣

  词组phrases

  1.to convince sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

  2.on one‘s head :The children’s safety is on the teacher‘s head.

  3.to/ of no avail 完全无用,毫无效果

  e.g. I tried to persuade him not to resign , but to no avail. 我试图劝说他不要辞职,但毫无效果。

  The doctors‘ efforts to save the child were to/of no avail. 医生抢救孩子的努力没有成功。

  4.to comment on : 对…评论

  e.g. The king refused to comment on / upon the election results. 国王拒绝对大选结果做出评论。

  The critics commented favorably on his new book. 评论家对于他的新书给予好评。

  Can you comment on this conclusion? 你能对这一结论发表意见吗?

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