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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(103)

2007-09-11 13:42   【 】【我要纠错

  3.irresponsible:a. 不负责任的,无责任感的

  派生词:responsible a. 负责任的

  It would be irresponsible of me to encourage you to invest in the poorly managed company.

  如果我鼓励你投资于该管理不善的公司,那是不负责任。

  He is irresponsible for what he says. 他对自己所说的话不负责任。

  注:类似表示反意的前缀,在字母r前 : ir- irregular、irrelevant

  在字母l前: il- illegal

  在字母m .p.b前: im- impossible , immovable , imbalance

  在字母前: in- independent , inactive , incapable 等

  re-前缀表示重复

  cell细胞,蜂窝,cell-phone 手机

  4.simulate: vt.假装,冒充,模仿,模拟

  In cheap furniture, plastic is often used to simulate wood.在廉价家具中,常用塑料冒充木料。

  5.eventual:a. 最后的,结局的

  同义词:last, finally, in the end

  The eventual decision came after weeks of consideration. 经过数周的考虑后最终作出了决定。

  There are still many problems to be resolved, but we remain optimistic about an eventual agreement. 尽管还有很多问题要解决,但我们对达成最终协议仍抱乐观态度。

  6.replace :vt. 代替,取代;=to take the place of (强调完全取代)

  同义词:substitute v. 代替(强调临时性的代替。例:He substitutes as our teacher of English. )

  辨析:substitute … for ; replace … with

  We‘ve substituted a computer for that old machine. 我们用电脑代替了那台旧机器。

  We‘ve replaced the old machine with a computer. 我们用电脑取代了那台旧机器。

  7.partly: ad. 部分地,在一定程度上

  What you say is partly true. 你说的话一部分是真实的。

  His attractiveness is partly due to his self-confidence. 他的魅力部分是由于他的自信。

  8.undergo:vt. 经历,经受;忍受

  The ship successfully underwent sea trial in coastal waters. 那条船在近海水域试航成功。

  He had undergone great hardship in bringing up his five children.

  他受了不少苦才把五个孩子抚养成人。

  9.litter v./n. 乱丢,乱丢的垃圾

  例: litter is garbage.垃圾:rubbish,refuse,waste,disposal

  以-sis结尾的名词变复数,变sis为-ses .

  词组 :phrases

  1.to sacrifice to: 向…献祭;为…而牺牲;

  It was the practice of these people to sacrifice to their gods when rain had not fallen.

  这些人有祭神求雨的习俗。

  They are prepared to sacrifice everything to achieve victory. 他们准备牺牲一切去争取胜利。

  2.to do research into: 进行…的研究

  They are doing some fascinating research into the language of bees.

  他们正在对蜜蜂的语言进行一些有趣的研究。

  Research into atomic energy should be conducted with a view to its peaceful use.

  研究原子能应该服务于和平的目的。

  3.be central to: 对……极为重要的,是……的重点

  Reducing inflation is central to the government‘s economic policy.

  缩减通货膨胀是政府经济政策的重点。

  Community involvement is central to our plan. 群众参与对于我们计划的实施非常重要。

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