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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(101)

2007-09-10 17:01   【 】【我要纠错

  三、句子汉译英

  1.在美国每四年举行一次总统大选。

  The presidential election takes place every four years in the United States.

  2.多数党被提名者得到的支持率往往高出少数党候选人。

  A majority party nominee usually has the advantage of support over a minority party one.

  A major-party nominee always gets higher approval rating than a minor-party nominee.

  3.策略在总统竞选中起关键性的作用。

  Strategies play a critical role in the election.

  Strategy is critical in the presidential election.

  4.为了争取选票,总统候选人特别关注那些重要的州。

  To win the presidency, a candidate is particularly concerned with winning the states which are important.

  In order to get the votes, presidential candidates are concerned with those important states.

  5.美国有十几个政党,其中只有两个党是主要党。

  There are about a dozen political parties in America, only two of which are major parties.

  历年考题:

  1.Victory in the eleven ______(large) states alone would provide an electoral majority. (99.10)

  答案:largest.此题主要考查large 的最高级。

  2.Even Democrat George McGovern, _____ had the lowest level of party support among recent

  Nominees, was backed in 1972 by nearly 60 percent of his party‘s voters. (99.10)

  A.who

  B.whose

  C.that

  D.which

  答案:A. who 引导的非限定性定语从句。

  3.汉译英:这与其说取决于候选人的个人特点不如说取决于外部因素。(00.4)

  答案:This depends on external factors rather than on a candidate‘s personal characteristics.

  4.In 1991, after the Gulf War, Bush‘s approval rating reached 91 percent, the highest level recorded since polling ______(begin) in the 1930s. (00.10)

  答案:began.此题考查过去时,因为有一个明显的过去时间状语“in the 1930s”。

  5.Americans have learned much about the way in which the system can be managed so as to _____ the peaceful transfer of power from one party to the other. (01.4)

  A.make it possible

  B.make possible

  C.make possibly

  D.make it possibly

  答案:B.本题中make 的宾语太长,所以放到了宾补possible 的后面。“make … possible”

  表示“使…成为可能”。

  6.In deciding _____ a course of action, the candidate tried to estimate its likely impact on the voters. (02.4)

  A.what to pursue

  B.which to pursue

  C.whether to pursue

  D.if to pursue

  答案:C.分析:所要填的空是deciding 的宾语。而pursue 后面的宾语是a course of action. 选项A “what to pursue”, what 是宾语。选项B 中,which 也是作主语或宾语。选项D. 语法结构不对,因此选C.

  7.A major-party nominee has the critical advantage in the campaign for the presidential election _______ he has the support from the party faithful. ( 03 ,10 )

  A.in that

  B.in which

  C.for which

  D.for that

  答案:A “在于”(复合连词表示原因)

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