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自考“英语(二)”串讲资料(1)

2007-04-11 14:25   【 】【我要纠错

  备考书目推荐:

  一、教材

  《大学英语自学教程(下册)》 主编:高远 高等教育出版社

  二、辅助教材

  1.《考前语法突破》 曲航 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社

  2.《大纲词汇一本通》 胥国红 曲航 李筱筝 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社

  3.《大学英语自学教程(下册)自学与自测》 主编:高远 北京航空航天大学出版社

  备考建议:

  1.巧记单词:利用零散的时间,频繁反复地记忆单词;

  2. 重视教材:尤其是课文中含有语法要点的句子,以及书后习题和语法讲解中的例句;

  3. 学会总结:错误经常出现在哪里,错误的原因,避免同类错误的再次出现;

  4. 肯定自己:看到自己的进步,相信自己能做得更好。

  「切记」避免焦躁。此类情绪对于学习和考试只会产生负面影响。

  一、历年习题按语法总结

  1. 动词

  ――――谓语动词的时态和语态,非谓语动词,虚拟语气

  1. Lots of empty beer bottles were found under the young man‘s bed; he __________ heavily.

  A. must have drunk B. must drink C. should drink D. had to drink

  2. __________ home, she found that she had left the key at the office.

  A. To have arrived B. To arrive C. While arriving D. Arriving

  3.In deciding __________ a course of action, the candidates tried to estimate its likely impact on the voters.

  A. what to pursue B. which to pursue C. whether to pursue D. if to pursue

  4. __________, they began to get down to business.

  A. The holidays are over B. The holidays were over

  C. The holidays being over D. The holidays had been over

  5. __________ nothing to say,the boy shied way from the crowd.

  A. Have B. Having C. Had D. Having being

  6. The young doctor could not sleep at night, the worsening condition of a patient __________ him.

  A. disturbing B. disturbed C. being disturbed D. to disturb

  7. Should she come tomorrow, I __________ take her to the museum.

  A. can B. will C. would D. must

  8.If we __________ everything ready by now, we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.

  A. hadn‘t got B. didn’t get    C. wouldn‘t have got D. wouldn’t get

  9. __________ for your help,I would not have over come the psychological pressures and tensions.

  A. Not been B. Without being C. Had it not been D. Not having been

  10.Would‘t you rather your child __________ successful with his study and won the scholarship?

  A. became B. become C. would become D. becomes

  11.You needn‘t __________ him about this since he could find out for himself.

  A. tell B. be telling C. have told D. have to tell

  12. If you ______ my advice, you wouldn‘t be in such trouble now.

  A. took B. takes C. has taken D. had taken

  13. The meeting ______, we left the room quickly for dinner.

  A. over B. was over C. is over D. been over

  14. All the money ______, Frederick started looking for work.

  A. having spent B. has been spent C. having been spent D. had been spent

  15. ______ his talk when Mary ran out of the lecture hall.

  A. Hardly had be begun B. Hardly he had begun

  C. Hardly he has begun D. He hardly had begun

  16. Much of the carbon in the earth __________(come)from things that once lived.

  17. China is not what she __________(use)to be.

  18. In the past two decades, research __________(expand)our knowledge about sleep and dreams.

  19. Television ads __________ usually __________(repeat)over and over again.

  20.Some proverbs _______ (be)in the language for 1,000 years, for example, A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  21.The nations that __________ actively __________ (involve)in earthquake prediction programs include Japan, China, Russia, and the United States.

  22.In 1991, after the Gulf War, Bush‘s approval rating reached 91 percent, the highest level recorded since polling __________(begin)in the 1930s.

  23.Seeing violence on television or reading about it in the newspapers every day __________ (make)us tolerate crime more than we should.

  24.All the worries they might have felt for him __________ (drive) off by the sight of his cheerful face.

  25.Little did they realize that they __________(make)an important discovery in science.

  26. Some people think relations between people _____ (deteriorate) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible.

  27. Let‘s hurry up. She _____ (must, wait) for us.

  28. Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what _____ (happen) to her.

  29. Many a writer of newspaper articles __________ (turn) to writing novels during the past decade.

  30. There __________ (estimate) to be more than 20, 000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain in 1995.

  31. So far, Irving __________ (live) in New York City for ten years.

  32. The patient __________ (send) to another hospital before we got there.

  33. Coffee delays the body clock in the morning, and __________ (advance) it at night.

  34.Cancer research __________ (make) all over the world in the past twenty years.

  35.There was a mistake on my paycheck. I __________ (receive) 10more.

  36.The second half of the nineteenth century __________ (witness) the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi.

  37. Once harm __________ (do) to the environment, it takes years to have the system recovered.

  38. This project __________ (accomplish) by the end of 2006 will greatly improve the basic facility of the city.

  39. Investigations into the cause of the shipwreck show that the ship _________ (sink) the moment it hit the rock .

  40. If that sounds like far-fetched fantasy, consider these interesting findings that __________ (emerge) from eight years of sleep and dream research at the VA Hospital.

  41. A great number of the body‘s events __________ (schedule) to occur at a certain time of day.

  42. It is these messages that __________ (form) the basis of the child‘s self-esteem.

  43. With all this done, I __________ (free) from all troubles and responsibilities.

  44.If you cannot understand, ask: “Would you mind __________(rephrase)the question, please?”

  45. Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially make toy weapons __________ (bring) into the classroom.

  46. Robots, already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning __________(see)in other industries as well.

  47. Let us consider the earth as a planet _________(revolve)round sun.

  48.A man cannot be really happy if what he enjoys __________(do)is ignored by society as of no value or importance.

  49.Anyone _________(want)to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics.

  50.It is a well-know fact that a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes ________(control)his direction.

  51.As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals ____(use)in experiments may decrease.

  52.Robots, __________ (become) increasingly prevalent in factories and industrial plants throughout the developed world, are programmed and engineered to perform industrial tasks without human intervention.

  53.They were often compelled __________ (work) twelve or fourteen hours a day.

  54.It has been proved that their best ideas seem __________ (occur) when they were relaxing.

  55.Her body, with hands and feet __________ (bind), was discovered by a traveler early in the morning.

  56.Anyone __________ (want) to live in the new century will have to know about the computer.

  57.It has been proved that some people‘s best ideas seem __________ (occur) when they are relaxing and daydreaming.

  58.They may have their passports __________ (remove), making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible.

  59.This poem, if __________ (translate) word for word into Chinese, will make no sense.

  60.Robots, already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning __________ (see), although to a lesser degree, in other industries as well.

  61.Anyone __________ (want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about IT (information technology)。

  62.__________ (tell) that some guest were coming, she shopped all morning in the supermarket.

  63.It is said the conference is __________(hold)in this hall next month.

  64.As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals used in experiments may decrease, but stopping _________(test)on animals altogether is a long way away.

  65.A life __________(live)without fantasy and daydreaming is a really poor life indeed.

  66. When _____ (present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems.

  67. Would you mind _____ (rephrase) the question, please.

  68. They used to _____ (work) twelve or fourteen hours a day at that time.

  69. An organization is a group of people, and a decision __ (make) today may have consequences far into the future.

  70. For managers, every decision has constraints _____ (base) on policies, procedures and laws.

  71. As I‘ll be away for a year, I’d appreciate _____ (hear) from you now and then.

  72. What developed was a music readily _____ (take) on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.

  73. Many other new techniques are available that enable more research _____ (do) in the test tube.

  74. _____ (not, get)enough hands, she had great difficulty in accomplishing the task.

  75. A Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after _____ (convict) of murder.

  76. With apples at 25 cents a pound, we couldn‘t resist _____ (take) four pounds.

  77. When _____ (give) the chance, it is quite possible for him to fulfill the task within ten days.

  78. I‘ll be only too pleased _____ (help) out those who are in difficulty.

  79. Television is another major instrument of communication, _____ (permit) us to see as well as to hear the performer.

  80.There are several means _____ (measure) the length and width of the gap.

  81. _____ (seize) Jane by the collar, they dragged her out of the vehicle and locked her up in the dark room.

  82.I couldn‘t help but _____ (feel) this is a very strange life.

  83. _____ (use ) economically, one tin of oil will last at least three months.

  84.It seems reasonable to assume that, other things _____ (be) equal, they would prefer single to shared rooms.

  85. With the strike _____ (settle), the work on the new assembly line went ahead like wildfire.

  86. People appreciate _____ (talk) with him because he is knowledgeable and humorous.

  87. Since the author did not stick to the topic, I found his article very _____ (confuse) and hard to follow.

  88. You may find yourself _____ (face) one interviewer or panel.

  89. _____ (understand) the effects of apartheid it is necessary to think of the daily lives of the people.

  90. The domestics can have their passports removed, _____ (make) leaving or “escaping” virtually impossible.

  91. Miss Hannah Arent was the first person _____ (define) the difference between work and labor.

  92. I would rather he _____(buy)the house next year.

  93.They demanded that the right to vote _____(give)to every adult person.

  94.The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we _____ (meet) them before.

  95.If it hadn‘t been for your help, we _____ (be) in real trouble.

  96.If you had come earlier, you _____ (not miss) the first act of the play.

  97.He would have given you more help, if he _____ (not be) so busy.

  98. I would recommend that you _____ (think) about doing something similar for yourself.

  99. She treats me as if I _____ (be) a stranger.

  100. It‘s time something _____ (do) about the traffic problem downtown.

  101. It was imperative that students _____ (finish) their papers before July 1st.

  102. It is high time that we _____ (take) firm measures to protect our environment.

  103. Had he been treated well, he _____ (get over) this disease.

  104. If only the board _____ (approve) the proposal and put it into effect.

  105. If thalidomide _____ (invent) today, it would never be released for human use because new tests on pregnant animals would reveal the dangers.

  106. He _________(write) her 10 letters since he met her last years.

  107. I think it necessary for him ________ (finish) the work in time.

  108. The house is ______ (complete) before his brother‘s wedding ceremony.

  109. You had better ________ (bring) enough money with you.

  110. If I hadn‘t listened to you, I would _______ (make) such a silly mistake.

  111. The three players repeatedly denied ________ (take) any drug.

  112. People who are entitled to ________ (vote) should be over eighteen.

  113. If she ______(catch) the 10 O‘clock train, she can get there by lunch time.

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