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自考“英语(一)”笔记(67)

2007-04-10 13:55   【 】【我要纠错

  Text A    Animals at Risk:Who Cares?

  本课主要单词

  1.Species n.(单复数同形)种,类

  1)There are more than 250 species of shark in the world.(世界上有250多种鲨鱼。)

  2)Darwin wrote “The Origin of Species.” (达尔文写了《物种起源》。)

  3)She feels a species of nervousness.(她有一种紧张的感觉。)

  2.Extinct adj. dead, wiped out, no longer existing(火熄灭了;消亡了的;灭绝了的)

  extinction n.

  1)Please make sure that the fire is extinct before you leave.(在你离开前,请确保炉火已灭。)

  2)All hope was extinct.(所有的希望都落空了。)

  3)This species will be extinct in a few decades.(几十年后这个物种将会灭绝。)

  4)Pandas are in danger of extinction.(大熊猫正面临灭绝的危险。)

  5)The sudden extinction of lights in the room frightened the children.(室内灯光突然熄灭把孩子们吓坏了。)

  请指出下面句子中的错误:

  The total extinction of this species is inevitable.

  句子中的total应去掉,因为extinction已包含“所有”的意思,再用total就多余子。

  3.Pace n. 步速;速度;节奏;步    v. 踱步;用步量

  1)The tree is ten paces from the house.(树与房屋相距十步。)

  2)He quickened his pace when he found he was lagging behind.(发现自己落了后他便加快了步伐。)

  3)They had to slow down the pace of new product development because of lack of fund.

  (由于缺少资金他们不得不放慢新产品开发的速度。)

  4)The pace he set was too fast for the others.(他定的步速对其他人来说太快了。)

  5)He is trying hard to keep pace with his classmates.(他正努力跟上他的同学。)

  6)Many people complain of the rapid pace of modern life.(许多人抱怨现代生活节奏太快。)

  7)He paced slowly around the room.(他慢悠地在房间里踱着步。)

  8)He paced out the distance between the two trees.(他用步子测出两棵树之间的距离。)

  At a snail's pace(非常缓慢地)

  At one's own pace(以轻松自在的速度)

  Set the pace(定步速,起带头作用)

  Pace car(赛车开始时在跑道上领驶一圈但本身不参赛的领驶车)

  Pacemaker(领跑人;带头人;起博器)

  4.Compete v. 竞争,比赛

  competition n. 竞争,比赛

  competitive adj. 竞争的

  1)He would compete with three others for a trip to Korea……(他将和另三个人竞争以得到去韩国旅游的机会。)

  2)I am going to compete in two items——100 meter dash and broad jump.

  (我将参加两个项目的比赛:100米短跑和跳远。)

  3)Young people should be prepared for the fierce competition in the future job market.

  (年轻人应为今后就业市场的激烈竞争做好准备。)

  4)There is a lot of competition for this job.(有许多人争夺这工作。)

  5)He is no competition for Mike.(他不是迈克的对手。)

  6)He doesn't like competitive sports.(他不喜欢竞技性体育项目。)

  7)How can we adapt ourselves to the highly competitive society?(我们怎样才能适应这个高度竞争的社会?)

  8)He holds that women are not as competitive as men.(他认为女性不像男性那样有竞争力。)

  5.Likelihood n. 可能性;有希望的事

  likely adj. 有可能的;可信的;恰当的

  1)Is there any likelihood of his coming?(他有可能来吗?)

  2)There is every likelihood that the performance will be a success.(演出极有可能获得成功。)

  3)In all likelihood it will be a sunny day to morrow.(十之八九,明天是个大晴天。)

  4)It is likely that they will agree with us.(他有可能会同意我们的意见。)

  5)He is not likely to be elected.(他不可能当选。)

  6)Her story doesn't sound likely.(她的说法不太可信。)

  7)They are looking out for a likely place to build the school.(他们正在找寻建这所学校的合适地点。)

  6.Clearance n. 清除,清理;余地

  clear v. 清除;越过;不触及地通过

  -ance是一个名词后缀,用在动词后面可构成名词。如:

  appearance(出现,外表),endurance(忍受),utterance(发言,发声),attendance(出席,侍候)等等。

  1)The clearance of the old furniture made the room more spacious.(清理了旧家俱,屋里更宽敞了。)

  2)He was responsible for the clearance of the theatre when the fire broke out.

  (着火时,由他负责出清剧院的观众。)

  3)The bridge has a clearance of three metres above water.(该桥桥下净空有3米。)

  4)Clearance sale(清仓削价销售)

  Take-off clearance(起飞许可)

  Foreign exchange clearance(国际汇兑清算)

  Clearance order(清拆命令)

  5)He is clearing the table.(他正在收拾桌子。)

  6)The athlete cleared the bar easily.(那位运动员轻松越过横杆。)

  7)The truck cleared the tunnel.(卡车通过了隧道。)

  7.Vegetation n.(总称)植物,植被

  vegetate. v.(植物)生长

  vegetable n. 蔬菜的;植物的

  1)He was amazed by the colorful vegetation of the tropical forest.(热带森林中奇异多彩的植物令他惊奇。)

  2)It is essential that the vegetation of this area should be preserved.(保护这一地区的植被是很必要的。)

  3)He had some green vegetables for dinner.(他晚餐吃了些蔬菜。)

  4)The vegetables in the garden vegetate vigorously.(园子里的植物在茁壮成长。)

  8.Ignore v. 不顾,不理,忽视

  ignorance n. 无知

  ignorant adj. 无知的

  1)He was fined for ignoring a red light.(他因为闯红灯而被罚款。)

  2)The teacher ignored the question raised by one of the students.(那位老师对学生提出的问题没加理会。)

  3)Some species become extinct because of people's ignorance.(有些物种由于人们的无和而灭绝。)

  4)Ignorance of this law is no excuse if you break the law.(不懂法不能作为违法的借口。)

  5)They demanded to know why they had been kept in ignorance of the truth.

  (他们要求知道不让他们了解除事情的真相的原因。)

  6)He was kept ignorant of the fact that his son failed the exam.(他对儿子考试不及格这件事一无所知。)

  7)I am ignorant about /of what has happened.(对所发生的事情我全然不知。)

  9.Threat n. 威胁;凶兆

  threaten v. 威胁

  1)The survival of civilization is under threat.(人类文明的生存在受到威胁。)

  2)This might be a threat to national security.(这可能对国家安全构成威胁。)

  3)The boy threatened that he would leave home if his parents beat again.

  (那男孩威胁说如果父母再揍他,他就离家出走。)

  4)They were threatened with starvation when flood drowned their village.

  (洪水淹没他们村子时他们受到了饥饿的威胁。)

  10.Ornament n. 装饰;装饰品      v. 装饰,美化

  1)They bought a lot of ornaments and hung them on the Christmas tree.

  (他们买了许多装饰品并把它们挂在圣诞树上。)

  2)She wouldn't buy it as it is more for ornament than for use.

  (她不原意买那个东西,因为它主要供装饰而不实用。)

  3)They ornament the hall with oil paintings.(他们用油画装点大厅。)

  4)They found themselves entering a manificently ornamented house.

  (他们发现自己进入了一座装饰华美的屋子。)

  11.Tourist n. 旅游者,观光者    adj. 游览的

  tourism n. 旅游业

  tour n. 旅行;参观

  v. 旅行;参观

  1)She showed a group of tourists round the museum.(如领着一群游客参观博物馆。)

  2)The Great wall is one of the chief tourist attractions in Beijing.(长城是北京的主要旅游点之一。)

  3)Tourism is a big industry in this country.(旅游业在这个国家是一个庞大的行业。)

  4)His dream is to make a round-the-world tour.(他的梦想是作环球旅行。)

  5)We are going to tour north-west China this summer.(今夏我们打算游历中国西北地区。)

  6)He toured music halls in Germany.(他在德国的音乐厅作巡回演出。)

  12.Variation n. 变化

  variable adj. 易变的

  vary v. 变化

  1)He always told us the same story with no variations.(他总是给我们讲那个没有任何变化的故事。)

  2)Weather conditions may cause variations in blood pressure.(天气状况可能引起血压的变化。)

  3)The variable weather gave us a lot of trouble.(多变的天气给我们带来不少麻烦。)

  4)He is hard to get along with as he has a variable temper.(他的脾气反复无常很难相处。)

  5)Opinions vary on this point.(对这一点看法各异。)

  6)He doesn't want to vary his habit.(他不想改变自己的习惯。)

  12.Trophy n. 战利品;奖品

  1)He was going to hang the horns of the antler on the wall as a trophy.(他将把鹿角挂在墙上作为纪念品。)

  2)She got a gold trophy for badminton.(她获得了羽毛球比赛的金杯。)

  13.Magnificent adj. 壮丽的,宏伟的;极美的

  1)The king lived in this magnificent palace.(国王住在这座宏伟的宫殿里。)

  2)The magnificent scenery dazzled the tourists.(壮丽的景色使游客的眼花缭乱。)

  3)Their magnificent performance gripped the audience.(他们动人的表演牢牢地抓住了观众。)

  14.Survive v. 幸存;比活得长

  survival n. 幸存

  survivor n. 幸存者

  1)Eight people survived the fire.(八人在大火中幸免于死。)

  2)The old woman survived her husband by 10 years.(那位老妇人比她丈夫多活十年。)

  3)Survival was unlikely since the river water was so deep and cold.(河水既深又冷清活无望。)

  4)He was the only survivor of the massacre.(他是大屠杀的唯一幸存者。)

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(67)

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