For over a hundred years Japan has consistently spent large sums of money and considerable human resources in an effort to obtain technology. Her ability to negotiate _________11 by the fact that most of the technology she wanted was no commercial secrets.
Japan’s _________12 has also been strengthened by the fact that her internal market was large， so that _________13 to this market could be offered to multinational companies as an attraction to them to grant licenses. Besides， Japan’s work force was disciplined， so it was capable _________14 applying the information it acquired. Finally， American and European companies， who were _________15 licensers， felt that the Japanese companies might take a large share of the world market _________16 they were not limited by licensing agreement.
Conditions of this sort， _________17 together in one nation， may well be unique， and the case of Japan may therefore not actually demonstrate that licensing is just as efficient as multinational ownership for the _________18 of technology.
In fact， Japan may be finding this method of operation _________19 effective than in the past ，as her needs for outside technology now require information which _________20 only a few companies and is more closely held.
11.A. was strengthened
B. will be strengthened
C. will have been strengthened
D. has been strengthened
C. will come
20.A. sticks to
B. belongs to
C. draws on
D. takes on
答案：11D A B D A 16C D B C B
NASA， the U.S. space agency， believes there’s a good chance that we’re not alone in the universe. Last fall， NASA began a new project called the High Resolution Microwave Survey （HRMS）。 Its aim： to find evidence of life in one of the billions of galaxies in the universe.
The search for intelligent life on other planets isn’t new. It began almost 100 years ago. That’s when scientists built a huge transmitter to send radio waves into space. Scientists thought smart beings on other planets might pick up the signals.
Scientists also have sent a message about humans and our solar system to a nearby constellation （星座）。 But because the constellation is 25，000 light years away， a return message wouldn’t reach Earth for 50，000 years！ So don’t wait up for an answer.
So far， no extraterrestrial （地球外的） beings that we know of have returned our “calls.” But according to Dr. Jill Tarter， an HRMS scientist， we haven’t exactly had our ears wide open. “Now， however，” says Dr. Tarter， “we’ve built the tools we need to listen well.”
Last October， Dr. Tarter switched on the largest radio receiver in the world. It’s an enormous metal bowl stretching 1，000 feet across a valley in Puerto Rico.
Meanwhile， another NASA scientist turned on a huge radio receiver in California’s Mojave Desert. NASA hopes these big dishes-and others around the world-will pick up radio signals from new world.
Dr. Frank Drake has been searching for life in outer space for years. He explains the HRMS project this way： To listen to your radio， you move the tuner on the dial until the channels come in loud and clear： Now imagine radio receivers that scan our galaxy “listening” to 14 million channels every second. That’s what NASA’s radio receivers in Puerto Rico and California are doing.
But that’s not all. Powerful computers hooked to the receivers examine every signal carefully. The computers try to match the signals to ones that scientists already recognize， such as human-made signals. If they can’t， Drake and Tarter check on them. “It could prove there is radio technology elsewhere in the universe，” says Dr. Tarter. “And that would mean we’re not alone.”
26.NASA scientists started a new project in order to _________.
A. discover life in other galaxies
B. send human beings into space
C. find evidence of a new galaxy
D. confirm the number of galaxies
27.According to Dr. Jill Tarter， the reason why we haven’t received any return any return messages from outer space is that _________.
A. our ears are not sharp enough to hear them
B. our equipment hasn’t been good enough
C. it takes millions of years for them to reach us
D. it takes quite a long time to send them
28.Dr. Jill Tarter compares the large receiver to _________.
A. the human ear
B. the universe
C. a metal bowl
D. a huge dish
29.According to Dr. Frank Drake， NASA’s radio receivers in Puerto Rico and California are _________.
A. trying to check on every channel carefully
B. moving the tuner on the dial for clear channels
C. scanning the universe for possible signals
D. picking up radio signals from new world
30.The best title of this passage is _________.
A. Signals from the Space
B. The Invention of New Radio Receivers
C. The Intelligent Life in Outer Space
D. NASA Listens for Space Neighbors
答案：26A B A C D
I’ve spent years studying happiness， and one of the most significant conclusions I’ve drawn is this： there is little correlation between the circumstances of people’s lives and how happy they are. A moment’s reflection should make this obvious. We all know people who have had a relatively easy life yet are essentially unhappy. And we know people who have suffered a great deal but generally remain happy.
The first secret is gratitude. All happy people are grateful. Ungrateful people cannot be happy. We tend to think that being unhappy leads people to complain， but it’s truer to say that complaining leads people to unhappiness. The second secret is realizing that happiness is a byproduct of something else. The most obvious sources are those pursuits that give our lives purposes-anything from studying insects to playing baseball. The more passions we have， the more happiness we’re likely to experience.