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如何备考英语专业水平考试口试部分

2006-08-16 10:40  北京自考热线 【 】【我要纠错
    内容提要:问题(尤其是谈主观观点的问题)回答的正确与否不是关键,而是老师会很大程度上参考你的应急能力,即使问题不会答,能自然地用流利的语言(英)表达出“不会答”之类的反应也是可以的。

  考试简介:

  准备英语水平考试口试,考生应围绕功能和一定的话题进行,应就日常生活中的一般情景进行恰当的交谈,就社会生活中一般的话题进行连贯发言,要求能确切表达思想,语音语调基本正确,语言基本得体。

  特别需要掌握的语言功能有如下几种:

  1、Greetings and Farewells

  2、Making Introductions

  3、Asking for Information

  4、Invitations

  5、Making Requests

  6、Asking for and Giving Opinions

  7、Agreeing and Disagreeing

  8、Apologizing and Complaining

  9、Congratulations and Compliments

  对于表达这些功能的句型或语言结构必须反复练习,力求做到“脱口而出”。除此之外,不要学会在具体情景下所采用的表达用语,如Telephoning, Asking the way, Travel by bus, At the post office, In a restaurant 和 Seeing the doctor等。同时,我们要求考生能把上述的语言功能与具体情景配合起来使用,以便提高在特定的情景下口头表达的准确性、流利性和得体性。

  口语考试中的第三题是就日常生活和社会生活中的一般话题进行自由交谈和专题讨论。考生反映这道题比较难不容易考好。为了帮助考生准备口语考试,下面介绍一下日常生活和社会生活中的一般话题包括哪些内容。口试中涉及的主要话题如下:

  1)   Home and family

  2)   Food and drink

  3)   Medicine

  4)   Smoking and health

  5)   Work and leisure

  6)   Travel and transport

  7)   Sport and recreation

  8)   Education

  9)   Language learning

  10)  Plants and animals

  11)  Love and marriage

  12)  Women's role in society

  13)  Television and radio

  14)  Pollution and the environment

  15)  Holidays and festivals

  16)  Religion and belief

  17)  Computers

  18)  Tourism

  19)  Social change and traditions

  20)  War and peace

  考试程序:(对北外考场的回忆,不一定准确)

  ——楼外排队(和报名时一样);

  ——进第一预备室(大队人马上好几层楼);

  ——等待(不用紧张^_^ );

  ——进第二预备室(一次放进十到二十人);

  ——抽考题纸(一共就可数的几类考题纸,就是说,有好几个人抽到的题是一样的);

  ——读题、理解、消化和思考,准备回答问题(大概有五分钟到十分钟时间,记不清了);

  ——进考场(一次一人,面对两个老师),回答问题,和老师对话;

  ——离开(这时才感觉到其实非常简单轻松!)。

  考试题型:(在抽到的考题纸上,共三题)

  水一:

  第一题,在预备教室内默读考题纸上的一小段对话,准备到考试教室就对话内容回答几道问题(由老师口头提问);

  第二题,考题纸上给出了三种情景,准备回答就如何应对其中一个情景的问题(只考其中一个情景,但都要准备);

  第三题,考题纸上给出了一个话题和几个就此话题老师会提的问题,脑子里迅速打个草稿,准备和老师在此话题上进行一段对话(主要是自己陈述)。

  水二:

  和水一大致相同。第一题的对话内容相比水一稍长稍复杂;第二题和水一区别不大;第三题,在考题纸上给出两个话题,老师会选其中一个考,形式和水一相同。

  其实题型看一下教育报上的模拟试题就清楚了,怕大多数同学没买到那两期教育报,我还是贴上来给大家参考吧:

  水平考试(一)口试模拟试题(1)

  I.Read aloud the following dialogue and be prepared to answer some questions about it .

  Alex:   So what are you going to do after graduation, Susan?

  Susan:  Well, I've saved some money, and I think I’d really like to travel.

  Alex:   Lucky you. That sounds exciting!

  Susan:  Yeah. Then I plan to get a job and my new apartment.

  Alex:   Oh, you're not going to live at home?

  Susan:  No, I don't want to live with my parents—not after I start to work.

  Alex:   I know what you mean.

  Susan:  What about you, Alex? Do you have any plans yet?

  Alex:   I'm going to get a job and live at home. I’m broke,and I want to pay off my student loan!

  Susan:  What kind of job do you want go get?

  Alex:   I hope to find a job where I can make a lot of money!

  II.Three different situations are given below and you will be required to respond to them in the examination.

  1. You are a visitor in town and someone asks you the way to the nearest post office. You don't know. What do you say?

  2. You want to invite a friend to dine out at the weekend. What do you say?

  3. Someone offers to carry the heavy suitcase for you but you refuse. What do you say?

  III.Talk about the following topic with the examiner speaking at 120 words per minute.

  Tell me about your family

  1. Where do your parents live?

  2. What do they do?

  3. Do you have any brothers or sisters? What do they do?

  4. You live with your parents, don't you? Why do you live away from your parents?

  5. Do you spend a lot of time with your family? Why not? What sort of things do you do together?

  (是不是简单的就好象是刚学英语的小学生的考试?所以大家不用紧张,都能过的!)

  参考问题及答案

  I.Questions on the dialogue:

  1. What is the probable relationship between Alex and Susan?

  2. What is Susan going to do after graduation?

  3. Why do you think she wants to get her new apartment?

  4. What is Alex going to do after graduation?

  5. Why does he want to live at home?

  6. What kind of job does he want to get?

  II.Possible responses:

  1. I'm sorry but I don’t know.

  No, I'm afraid I can’t.

  Sorry, no.

  2. Would you like to dine out at he weekend?

  Do you want to dine out at the weekend?

  Are you free to dine out at the weekend?

  3. Thanks, but it's all right.

  No, thanks. I can manage.

  III.Suggested answers:

  1. My parents live in ……

  2. My father is a ……My mother is a ……

  3. No, I don't.

  Yes, I have a sister. She is a……

  4. Yes, I do.

  I live away from my parents because I want to look after myself.

  5. Yes, I do. We have meals together. We watch television together in the evening. Sometimes we go out together. Ours is a happy family. We care for each other. We love each other.

  No, I don't. I’m very career-minded. I'm keen to do well in my job. I usually spend most of my time in the office or with my colleagues. I with I could spend more time with my family.

  水平考试(二)口试模拟试题(1)

  I.Prepare yourself to read the following dialogue and answer some questions about it. .

  Interviewer: Do you think the public schools are a good thing or a bad thing, Mr. Martin?

  Mr. Martin, I think it's a very much a bad thing. You see, I totally disagree with the idea that anyone should be about to buy their children a better education than another. The thing is the public schools help to keep the idea of a ruling elite alive and work against social change. I think I would like to see all private schools absorbed into the state education system and every child allowed the chance of the same education. There is a very strong argument that the pressure of those parents whose children at present go to public schools would soon bring about a great improvement in the state system.

  Interviewer: Mrs. Jones, do you agree with Mr. Martin?

  Mrs. Jones: No, I don't. I think public schools are a good thing. You see, if we could afford it , my husband and I would send our sons to a public school when they reach secondary school age. I think public schools finish them off, burn them into gentlemen, and give them a good start in life. The good thing about public schools is that those who go to a public school can mix with other children who come from good backgrounds. The only thing I can think of against them is that only very few public schools are co-educational. It’s a shame, isn't it? I mean, mixing with both sexes from a very early age is a good thing, particularly when boys don’t have a sister.

  Ⅱ。Three situations are given below. You will be required to respond to them in the examination.

  1. You are talking to one of your friends about diet. He or she suggests that people should eat less, but you don't agree. What do you say?

  2. Your employer thinks you've done an excellent job on a difficult assignment. How would you respond to his or her compliment?

  3. You are watching an interesting TV program, but all of a sudden, there is a power failure. What do you say?

  Ⅲ。Go over the following topics carefully and be prepared to speak for about 3 minutes on either of the. You may make notes on a piece of paper and refer to them during your talk, but you mush not write out the complete talk and simply read it aloud.

  1. Nowadays wherever we travel in Beijing, we find foreign restaurants which offer Japanese food , American food or other foreign food. What are your views on foreign food? What kind of foreign food do you like or dislike?

  2. We often find public places littered with old cans, empty bottles and especially plastic bags. What effects does littering have on the environment? What do you think we should do to stop people from littering?

  参考问题及答案

  I.Question on the dialogue:

  1. What are public schools in Britain? Why do some parents send their children to public schools?

  2. What are Mr. Martin's views on public schools?

  3. Does Mrs. Jones agree with him? What does she think of public schools.

  4. Are all the schools in our country of one type, or are there different kinds?

  5. If there are different kinds, in what way is one school different from another?

  II.Possible responses:

  1. I don't agree that people should eat less. I think people should have a balanced diet if they want to lead a healthy life.

  2. Thanks. That's very kind of you to say so.

  3. a. Oh, Dear!

  b. Oh no! How awful!

  c. Damn it!

  III.(略)

  口试感受:

  一,没有想像的那么难。

  二,问题(尤其是谈主观观点的问题)回答的正确与否不是关键,而是老师会很大程度上参考你的应急能力,即使问题不会答,能自然地用流利的语言(英)表达出“不会答”之类的反应也是可以的。像我那次,老师的提问中有一个单词不知道什么意思,就从容地问他词意,在得到他耐心的解释后又继续答题,结果对分数丝毫没有影响。

  口语考试的目的肯定不会是只要求你一定会答考试题目,而是真正能灵活运用流利的口语去达到交流的目的。像你们常去英语角的,这哪是问题?!

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