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2005-06-10 00:00  自考365.COM社区·开心可可 【 】【我要纠错

  Lesson One

  Rock Superstars : What Do They Tell Us About Ourselves and Our Society ?

  1. Rock Superstars 摇滚乐超级明星

  rock : rock music , rock ‘ n ’ roll ( or : rock and roll )摇滚乐

  早期的摇滚乐是源于美国的民歌( folk )爵士乐( jazz )勃鲁斯歌曲(blues)等的一种音乐,其特征是具 有强烈的节奏 ( rhythm )单纯的旋律 ( melody )一再重复的歌词和音符的后拍音 ( after beat )

  2. Rock is the music of teenage rebellion .摇滚乐是青少年的反叛音乐

  a. teenage adj. pertaining to a teenager ( 13 至 19 岁的 ) 青少年的。

  其名词形式为teenager: (13至19岁的青少年)。

  b. rebellion : resistance to or defiance of any authority 造反,反派。


  a rebellion against old traditions 对旧传统的反叛。

  3. By a man ‘ s heroes ye shall know him . 你将从一个人崇拜的英雄得知其人。

  a.这句句子的句型与英语中常说的 judge a man by the company he keeps(以一个人所交的朋友断定其为人)很相似。

  b. ye = you 用于古英语或诗歌中,是第二人称代词thou的复数。


  Ye are the salt of the earth .你们是社会的中坚。 (出自>)

  4. ‘’ Midnight Rambler ‘’ :

  ramble : walk for pleasure漫游,既可表动词,也可作名词。


  They rambled through the woods.他们在林中漫步。

  5. …… he said , ‘’ grabs a half-gallon jug of water and runs along the front platform , sprinkling its contents over the first rows of sweltering listeners …… ‘’

  a. grab : to seize suddenly , eagerly , or roughly ; snstch 急抓,夺取。

  如: He jumped up from the table , grabbed his hat and ran out of the door .




  grab a shower快速冲了澡,

  grab a sandwich,胡乱吃了一个三明治,

  grab a taxi 赶搭出租车。



  He grabbed at the opportunity of going abroad . 他设法抓住这次出国的机会 b. sprinkle : to scatter drops or particles of water , powder or the like on 洒液体,撒粉末等(于……上)。


  They sprinkled ashes on the icy sidewalk .他们在积水溜滑的人行道上撒了灰。

  We sprinkle the lawn every day .我们每天给草坪洒水。

  以‘’ sprinkling ‘’引导的短语是动词的 ‘’ - ing ‘’ 形式作伴随状语。


  They stood there , watching the basketball .他们站在那里,观看篮球比赛。

  6. They surge to follow him , eager to be touched by a few baptismal drops .

  a. surge : to move or swell forward in or like waves 如波涛汹涌而至。

  A crowd surged out of the theater .观众从剧院里蜂拥而出。

  b. 以形容词‘’ eager ‘’引导的不定式词组在语法功能上起着并列分句的作用。

  7. Some 14,000 screaming fans were cruching up to the front of the stage at Capital Center , ……

  a. some : ( before a number ) approximately , about (在数字前)大约。


  some twenty students大约20个学生。

  b. scream to make a loud , sharp cry 尖声大叫。

  ‘’ screaming ‘’是动词 scream的 ‘’ - ing ‘’形式作前置修饰语, ‘’ screaming fans ‘’ 意为“尖声大叫的歌迷”

  c. crunch : to proceed with a crushing noise嘎吱嘎吱地往前。


  The children crunched through the snow .孩子们嘎吱嘎吱地踩着雪走。

  8. I ought to be crawling on my knees .

  a. crawled : to move with the face downward and the boye close to the ground爬行。


  The bus crawled along .公共汽车缓慢地行进。

  注意:短语 crawl into the favor of one‘s superiors表示“卑躬屈膝地讨好上司”。

  b. on one‘s knees : 双膝跪地。

  9. How do you feel about all this adulation and hero worship ?

  a. feel about : consider , think of 觉得,感到。经常用于疑问句中,


  How do you feel about the suggestion ?你认为这个建议怎么样?

  b. adulation 是adulate的名词形式。

  adulate : flatter or admire excessively过分赞赏,奉承,恭维。


  One can hardly understand why young people so adulate film stars.


  10. Or are you drawn somehow to this strange clown , perhaps because he acts out your wildest fantasies ?

  a. draw : atteact 吸引。


  Some mutual interests draw us together .一些共同的兴趣把我们吸引到一块了。

  b. somehow : in some way not specified or known 不知什么缘故。


  Somehow I don‘t like this novel though it is so popular .


  c. fantasy : imagination , esp. when it is let free and not held back(自由奔放的)想象,幻想,狂想。

  wildest fantasies ,最为狂妄的奇想。

  11. These aren‘t idle questions .

  idle : of no real worth or purpose 无聊的。


  idle rumor无聊的谎言。

  12. Horwitz sees the rock music arena as a sort of debating forum , a place where ideas clash and crash .

  a. see …… as …… : consider …… as ……把……看作……

  b. forum : a meeting place of discussion of matters of public interest论坛。

  c. a place 是a sort of debating forum的同位语,后面由 where引导的句子是定语从句,修饰 a place.

  ‘’ ideas chash and crash ‘’意为“各种思想冲撞”。

  13. ‘’ The redefinition , ‘’ Horowitz says ‘’ is a task uniquely performed by the young……‘’

  ‘’ uniquely performed by the young ‘’ 是过去分词短语,用于修饰前面的‘’a task‘’。

  14. It is they alone who combine invention and exaggeration , ……

  a.it is …… who ( that ) 是强调句式。

  b.alone : ( after a noun or pronoun ) only(在名词或代词后面)仅,只。

  His name alone was enough to draw a large audience .仅仅他的名字就足以吸引一大批观众。

  15. ‘’ Rock music ,‘’ he says ‘’ is really a sociological expression rather than a musical force . ‘’

  rather than : instead of 而不是(肯定前者,否定后者。)


  He is a poet rather than a novelist .与其说他是小说家,不如说他是诗人。

  这里介绍另一个短语or rather,意为 more exactly更为确切地说“。


  late last night , or rather early this morning昨天深夜,更为确切地说,是今天清晨。

  16. It‘s just that Elvis managed to embody the frustrated teenage spirit of the 1950s .

  a. 句中的it有 the reason的意思, that = be cause .

  b. embody : give a definite form to具体体现


  The statue embodies the sentiment of the sculptor .这尊塑像表现了雕像家的感情。

  The latest model of the lorry embodies many improvements .卡车的最新式样体现了许多改进的地方。

  17. TV network banned him .

  a. network : a group of radio or television stations linked by wire or microwaves (广播,电视)广播网 b. ban : prohibit , forbid 禁止。


  Students are banned from reading dirty books .禁止学生阅读色情书刊。

  18. Most of the older viewers frowned , while most of the younger viewers applauded .

  a. frown: to wrinkle the forehead , such as when one is displeased or in deep thought皱眉。


  短语frown on ( upon )表示“不赞同”。


  He frowned upon my plan .他不赞同我的计划。

  b. applaud : to clap the hands together in approval or appreciation鼓掌喝彩;称赞。


  The audience applauded wildly .观众热烈鼓掌。

  c. 连接词while在这里表示对照,


  I like books while my brother loves sports .我喜欢书,而我的兄弟则热衷于体育。

  19. The Rolling Stones , arrogant street-fighting men , demanded revolution .

  arrogant : acting as if one were more important than others傲慢的;妄自尊大的。


  He was just too arrogant to his subordinates .他对他的部下太傲慢了。

  20. Feelings , always a part of any musical statement , were a major subject .

  这里always a part of any musical statement 是feelings的同位语。

  21. The Beatles showed there were a range of emotions between love and hate .

  range : a number of different things of the same general sort or type (变动的,可供选择的)范围;幅度。


  a range of colors to choose from可以选择的一系列颜色;

  a range of prices from 5 yuan to 50 yuan 从5元到50元不等的各种价格。

  22. This country element , Horowitz feels , helped its audience express an urge to ‘’ get away from it all , ‘’ ……

  urge : an instincitve drive .冲动。


  I felt an urge to further my studies in Europe .我有一种去欧洲深造的冲动。

  23. ……these rock musicians mirror feelings……

  mirror : reflect 反映。


  The election result reflects their opinions.选举结果反映了他们的观点。

  24. …… where it‘s heading ?

  head ( for ) : move toward (朝某一方向)前进。


  They were heading for the deep jungle for hunting .他们去丛林深处打猎。



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