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2003年4月全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试题

2005-06-10 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  课程代码:00522

  PART ONE

  Ⅰ。 Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(40 points, 1 point for each)

  1.The Lake District, which is well-known for its beautiful scenery, is located in the _______.

  A. South of Scotland

  B. Northwest of England

  C. North of Wales

  D. East of England

  2.About three million people have migrated to Britain since World War Ⅱ。They are mainly from the West Indies, India and _______.

  A. Indonesia

  B. Singapore

  C. Hong Kong

  D. Pakistan

  3.As a result of the Black Death, much land was left untended and there was a terrible shortage of _______ in England.

  A. grain

  B. farm tools

  C. houses

  D. labour

  4.The first steam engine was devised by _______ at the end of the 17th century, and the Scottish inventor James Watt modified and improved the design.

  A. Robert Bakewell

  B. Thomas Newcomen

  C. Jethro Tull

  D. Thomas Coke

  5.The British Prime Minister‘s official residence is No.10 _______ Street in Landon.

  A. Downing

  B. Oxford

  C. Regent

  D. New Bond

  6.In the United Kingdom, each member of Parliament represents a _______ , and holds his seat during the life of a parliament.

  A. constituency

  B. shire

  C. borough

  D. county

  7.The British constitution is made up of the following laws except _______.

  A. statute law

  B. common law

  C. commonwealth law

  D. European Community law

  8.Under Margaret Thatcher Britain adopted an economic policy of _______.

  A. prices and incomes control

  B. state intervention

  C. high consumption and low investment

  D. privatization, deregulation and market liberalization

  9.The 1970s saw the growth of _______ in Wales and Scotland.

  A. Marxism

  B. liberalism

  C. nationalism

  D. chauvinism

  10.Christmas Day, December 25th, celebrates the _______ of Christ, and is the great est of Christian festivals.

  A. birth

  B. dreath

  C. Crucifixion

  D. Resurrection

  11.Shakespeare was born at _______ in Warwickshire, England, in 1564.

  A. Stoke-on-Trent

  B. Stratford-upon-Avon

  C. Berwick-upon-Tweed

  D. Bradford-on-Avon

  12.The most important _______ magazines in Britain are The Economist, New Statesman an and Society, and Spectator.

  A. weekly

  B. fortnightly

  C. monthly

  D. quarterly

  13._______ are also known as the Continental Divide.

  A. The Rocky Mountains

  B. The Appalachian Highlands

  C. The Coast Mountains

  D. The Blue Mountains

  14.New Englanders were originally known as _______.

  A. Yankees

  B. English Puritans

  C. German farmers

  D. Fishermen from Scandinavia

  15.The first English colony was founded at _______.

  A. Plymouth

  B. the Massachusetts Bay

  C. Jamestown

  D. New York

  16.The United States is the world‘s biggest producer of _______.

  A. cotton

  B. rice

  C. tobacco

  D. milk

  17.In American history, the Americans went to war against the British _______.

  A. only once

  B. on two occasions

  C. for three times

  D. for four times

  18.The important decision made at the Second Continental Congress was_______.

  A. the establishment of a continental army under the command of George Washington

  B. the adoption of the Constitution

  C. an appeal to the British king

  D. A and B

  19.The United States has, in its history, _______.

  A. one constitution

  B. two constitutions

  C. three constitutions

  D. one constitution with many amendments

  20.The political theory underlining the Declaration of Independence came from _____.

  A. Thomas Jefferson

  B. George Washington

  C. British philosopher John Locke

  D. American philosopher John Locke

  21.In the United States, the Muckrakers at the turn of the 20th century referred to a group of _______.

  A. reform-minded middle-class people

  B. journalists who exposed the dark sides of the society

  C. upper-class professionals

  D. progressive women

  22.Which of the following statements is true concerning the district court in the U.S.

  A. Each state has a district court.

  B. There is a district court for each state plus one for District of Columbia and one for Puerto Rico.

  C. There are altogether 89 district courts.

  D. There are altogether 91 district courts.

  23.The“new basics” in the report“A Nation At Risk” issued in the U.S.refer to _______.

  A. English and mathematics

  B. science and social studies

  C. computer

  D. all of the above

  24.Specialized institutions in the U.S.offer _______.

  A. degrees up to the doctorate

  B. only BA degrees

  C. BA and MA degrees

  D. no degrees

  25.Mount Kosciusko, the highest point in Australia, is located in _______.

  A. the Blue Mountains

  B. the Australian Alps

  C. the Snowy Mountains

  D. Ayers Rock

  26.Australia‘s most famous national park, which used to be known as Ayers Rock, is now called _______ in the Aboriginal language.

  A. Uluru

  B. Yolngu

  C. Anangu

  D. Nungga

  27.During World War Ⅰ, a special corps of Australian and New Zealand troops called _______ won a reputation for outstanding bravery.

  A. Anzacs

  B. Anzus

  C. Asus

  D. Aussies

  28.The Australian Constitution deals with the following except _______.

  A. the composition of the Australian federal government

  B. the powers of the federal government

  C. the relationship between the federal government and the governments of the States

  D. the powers of the Prime Minister

  29.In the Australian Federal Parliament _______ often form a coalition in opposition to _______.

  A. the Labor Party and the National party/the Liberal Party

  B. the Liberal Party and the Labor party/the National Party

  C. the Liberal Party and the National party/the Labor Party

  D. the Conservative Party and the Democrats/the Labor Party

  30.In 1988, Australia celebrated its _______ anniversary of the founding of the first white settlement there.

  A. 100th

  B. 150th

  C. 200th

  D. 250th

  31.The two principal river systems in Canada are the Mackenzie and_______.

  A. the Great lakes

  B. the St.Lawrence

  C. the Hudson River

  D. the Saskatchewan River

  32.From 1896 to 1911, Canada was ruled by _______ under Sir Wilfred Laurier.

  A. the Liberal Party

  B. the Conservative Party

  C. the Labour Party

  D. the Democratic Party

  33.Canada ranks _______ in the world in the production of electricity form water power.

  A. first

  B. second

  C. third

  D. fourth

  34.Canadian Federal Government was assigned powers in all of the following areas except _______.

  A. defense

  B. customs and border control

  C. currency and coinage

  D. education

  35.What is the law-making assembly called in Canada‘s Quebec

  A. Legislative Assembly.

  B. National Assembly.

  C. House of Assembly.

  D. House of Legislation.

  36.Which of the following best describes the result of Canadian government‘s long -held policy of assimilation

  A. It won a popular support across the country.

  B. It proved to be a great success.

  C. It failed in achieving the desired effect.

  D. It brought disastrous effect to the Canadian society.

  37.The creation of Northern Ireland dates from _______ when the Irish Free State was set up.

  A. 1916

  B. 1921

  C. 1937

  D. 1994

  38.Throughout most of its history, _______ was a major problem that plagued Ireland.

  A. emigration

  B. population distribution

  C. ethnic conflict

  D. birth control

  39.A New Zealander of European descent is known as a _______.

  A. Pakeha

  B. Kiwi

  C. Pukeko

  D. Maori

  40.In New Zealand, the seasons are opposite those of the Northern Hemisphere because it lies _______.

  A. south of the equator

  B. north of the equator

  C. east of the equator

  D. west of the equator

  PART TWO

  Ⅱ。Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

  41. Which area in Britain is called the “Silicon Glen”

  42. Which sport is the most typically English

  43. What was Puritanism noted for

  44. What is Hawaii‘s most important industry

  45. How serious was child labor when the Progressive Movement demanded the banning of it

  46. Who was Bob Dylan

  47. When and where did Australia‘s Eureka Stockade take place

  48. What were Canada‘s early industries

  49. What is the head of government in Ireland called

  50. What caused the land disputes between the Maoris and the settlers in New Zealand

  Ⅲ。Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words.(20 points, 5 points for each)

  51. The National Health Service

  52. Black Thursday of 1929

  53. The Flying Doctors

  54. The Quebec Act of 1774

  Ⅳ。Write between 100-120 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(10 points)

  55. Why was Britain the first country to industrialize

 

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