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2003年10月甘肃省高等教育自学考试综合英语(二) 试题

2005-06-10 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  考生注意:本试题的所有答案一律写在答题纸上,否则不予计分。

  I. Complete the sentences with the best choice. (20 points. 1 point for each)

  1. Ten minutes ______ an hour when one is waiting for a phone call.

  A. seemed B. to seem C. seem D. seems

  2. He often stopped at the sound of his own steps and was afraid to look

  _____ his shoulder.

  A. round B. back C. over D. beyond

  3. _________ with the picture, Mary tore it to pieces.

  A. Dissatisfying thoroughly B. To dissatisfy thoroughly

  C. Being thoroughly dissatisfied D. To be thoroughly dissatisfied

  4. _______ you are familiar with the author‘s ideas, try reading all the sections

  as quickly as you possibly can.

  A. Now that B. Ever since

  C. So that D. As long as

  5. I remember it vividly as if it _____ tonight.

  A. is B. were C. be D. had been

  6. The thread breaks ______ it is weakest.

  A. where B. which C. there D. while

  7. The company raised the fare ______ 40%.

  A. with B. to C. from D. by

  8. He was honest and faithful, and industrious and ______.

  A. economic B. economy C. economical D. economics

  9. A new difficulty has ______.

  A. risen B. raised C. lifted D. arisen

  10. During the wartime, ordinary people are _______ food and clothing in

  order to supply the growing armies.

  A. kept out of B. equipped with

  C. deprived of D. in terms of

  11. Food was short, his vegetable garden became less a hobby than a ______,

  helping feed not only his own household but his neighbors as well.

  A. necessity B. wealth C. want D. condition

  12. Good manner depends _______ on how we look at ourselves _____ on

  how we look at other people.

  A. not so much…as B. not as…as

  C. so much…as D. as much…as

  13. It‘s too expensive for me. I can’t ______ it.

  A. spend B. cost C. afford D. pay

  14. There are a lot of mistakes in this exercise, I‘ll have to ____ it again with you.

  A. come through B. get over

  C. get through D. go over

  15. In this type of school there is an emphasis _____training boys to be independent.

  A. on B. for C. by D. at

  16. Joan must be ______ because she can‘t understand my words until I

  repeated them over and over again.

  A. hard to hear B. hard of hearing

  C. difficult to hear D. difficulty of hearing

  17. There was a good _____ of the countryside from the front of the bus.

  A. sight B. view C. scene D. scenery

  18. Some of the English words ______ English society, culture and literature.

  A. connect B. associated with

  C. connect with D. are associated with

  19. “I‘m going to the museum tomorrow.”

  “Would you let ______ with you?”

  A. me go B. me to go C. that I go D. me going

  20. Mary‘s father approved of _____ in the United States for another year in

  order to work toward her M.A.

  A. her to stay B. her staying

  C. she staying D. she to stay

  Ⅱ。 Complete each of the following sentences with a proper form of the

  word in the brackets. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  1. Sally‘s _____ with Susan seems to have been cooling down for some time. ( friend)

  2. No wonder Tom calls it one of the most ____ areas in the world. (misery)

  3. He had himself taken part in the ___ movement there in 1831. (revolution)

  4. His big book is an _____ (expanse) of the little book he wrote before.

  5. If you love someone, you are responsive to most of the other person‘s major needs as a person. That’s to say you have a _______ (responsible) toward the person you love.

  6. A break of English friendship comes not necessarily as a result of some difference of viewpoint or feelings but instead as a result of ____. (judge)

  7. If it is possible, please briefly review the _____ background of the Second

  World War. (history)

  8. The people there were cheated of a _____ life by the civil war. (peace)

  9. Most smokers know that smoking is _____, but not many would like to

  quit it. (harm)

  10. Overindulged children are often ____ to the needs and feelings of others,

  beginning with their parents. (sense)

  III. Choose the best word (ONE word only) in the brackets for each blank. (20 points. 1 point for each)

  One

  Earnest Miller Hemingway was born in Illinois in the year 1899. He was the son of a doctor, (1) _______ (that, which, what, who) later introduced the boy to the outdoor life of hunting, fishing and ball games. When he was in high school, he played (2) _______ (for, into, on, with) baseball and football teams, and also began to write.

  After he (3) ______ (completed, finished, graduated, stopped) school, he didn‘t go on to college, but (4) _______( in place of, instead, rather, yet) got a job as a reporter for a newspaper. Working for the newspaper, Hemingway (5) ________ (achieved, created, developed, received) his well-known journalistic (6) ______ (form, manner, style, way): simple, direct and objective.

  In 1926, he published his two novels. One of them (7) ______ (describes, explains, pictures, tells) that lonely, hopeless “lost generation” of Americans that he knew in Europe. His fourth novel, A Farewell to Arms, made him famous (8) ________ ( in, on, over, throughout) the world. In 1954, he received the Nobel Prize (9) ______ ( about, for, on, towards) literature.

  In 1961, sick and (10) _________ (impossible, incapable, unlikely, unable) to live the active life he loved, Hemingway killed himself with one of this own shotguns. So ceased the life of the man who had one of the greatest influences on American literature in the 20th century.

  Two

  One cause of slow reading is vocalizing, that is, forming the sounds of each word, even though they may not be (1) ________ (chanted, spelt, spoken, talked)。 By doing this, your fastest reading speed is 180 to 220 words a minute, which is a dangerously (2) _________ (dramatic, fantastic, fast, slow) speed.

  You may wonder about the relationship between reading speed and reading aloud. In the first place, it is of course (3) _______ (desirable, necessary, uneasy, useless) to read rapidly without adequate comprehension. It is equally inefficient to read with complete comprehension but (4) _____ ( at, by, in, with) a very slow speed. You should strike a comfortable balance between the two. In the second place, (5) ______ (although, because, even, if) you may think so at first, reading comprehension does not (6) __________ ( correctly, necessarily, sufficiently, traditionally) suffer from a rapid reading.

  As you push yourself to read faster, you may find that you comprehend (7) _______ ( less, more, much, little)。 Continued practice, (8) ________ ( however, moreover, whatever, whenever), will improve your comprehension as well as your speed. Instead of responding to (9) __________ (difficult, small, specific, various) words, you will be responding to meaningful units of (10) __________ ( beliefs, expressions, ideas, phrases)。

  Ⅳ。 Paraphrase each of the following sentences: (15 points. 3 points for each)

  1. Many of us have what might be called “a short fuse.”

  2. What seems poverty to you is charm to me.

  3. I think this makes a man out of a boy sooner than almost anything else.

  4. The Sea Around Us was a delightful antidote to our ignorance.

  5. He wanted to strike a work of fire and stars into being for the old man.

  Ⅴ。 Reading comprehension

  Decide which of the suggested answers A, B, C and D best completes

  the statement according to the information in the passages. (10 points,

  1 point for each)

  Passage One

  Though the geographical features of this island are comparatively small, and there is astonishing variety almost everywhere, that does not mean that our mountains are not mountains, our plains not plains. Consider that piece of luck

  of ours, the Lake District. You can climb with ease— as I have done many a time— several of its mountains in one day. Nevertheless, you feel that they are mountains and not mere hills— as a correspondent pointed out in The Times recently. This same correspondent told a story that proves my point. A party of climbers imported a Swiss guide into the Lake District, and on the first morning, surveying the misty peaks before him, he pointed to a ledge about two thirds of the way up one of them and suggested that the party should spend the night there. He did not know that that ledge was only an hour or two‘s climb away and that before the light went they would probably have conquered two or three of these peaks. He had not realized the scale of the country. He did not know that he was looking at mountains in miniature. What he did know was that he was certainly looking at mountains, and he was right, for these peaks, some of them less than 3,000 feet high, have all the air of great mountains.

  1.?The sentence “there is astonishing variety almost everywhere” means_____

  A. still you‘ll find sharply different geographical features here and there.

  B. the geographical features here are really astonishing.

  C. people could not go there often because they were afriad of the

  geographical features.

  D. nowhere in the world you will find such astonishing geographical

  features.

  2.“Consider that piece of luck of ours, the Lake District.” This sentence means

  _________

  A. please come to see the lake of District

  B. we are lucky to be favored with the Lake of District

  C. if you want to have a piece of luck, go to the Lake of District

  D. one should always think about the Lake District

  3.“You can climb with ease” means _______.

  A. you can climb without rest

  B. you can climb with the help of others

  C. you can climb there mountains without any difficulty

  D. you will be delighted if you go and climb these mountains

  4.The word “ledge” means ________

  A. a hill B. a cliff C. a distance D. a trail

  5.“mountains in miniature ” means _______.

  A. mountains that occupy a very small space

  B. mountains that are not very high

  C. the high-rising mountains

  D. small-scale mountains

  Passage Two

  Steamships were first introduced into the United States in 1807,and John Molson built the first steamship in Canada (then called British North America ) in 1809. By the 1830‘s dozens of steam vessels were in use in Canada. They offered the traveler reliable transportation in comfortable facilities—a welcome alternative to stagecoach travel, which at the best of times could only be described as wretched. This commitment to dependable river transport became entrenched with the investment of millions of dollars for the improvement of waterways, which included the construction of canals and lock systems. The Lachine and Welland canals, two of the most important systems, were opened in 1825 and 1829, respectively. By the time that Upper and Lower Canada were united into the Province of Canada in 1841, the public debt for canals was more than one hundred dollars per capita, an enormous sum for the time. But it may not seem such a great amount if we consider that improvements allowed steamboats to remain practical for most commercial transport in Canada until the mind-nineteenth century.

  6.What is the main purpose of the passage?

  A. To contrast travel by steamship and stagecoach

  B. To criticize the level of public debt in nineteenth-century Canada

  C. To describe the introduction of steamships in Canada

  D. To show how Canada surpassed the United States in transportation

  improvements

  7.The word “reliable” in Line 5 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

  A. Quick B. Safe C. Dependable D. Luxurious

  8.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about stagecoach

  travel in Canada in the 1830‘s?

  A. It was reasonably comfortable.

  B. It was extremely efficient.

  C. It was not popular.

  D. It was very practical.

  9.According to the passage, when was the Welland Canal opened?

  A. 1807 B. 1809 C. 1825 D. 1829

  10.According to the passage, steamships became practical means of transportation

  in Canada because of _________.

  A. improvements in the waterways

  B. large subsidies from John Molson

  C. a relatively small population

  D. the lack of alternate means

  Ⅵ。 Translate the following sentences into English. (10 points, 2 points for each)

  1.难道你还不明白他的意图吗?

  2.1998年中国的水灾向中国人民发出了严重警告。

  3.失业加上他的小女儿的死亡几乎把他逼进了绝境。

  4.然而孤独的痛苦和怕死都不是变老的必然过程。

  5.在边远地区,还有大批学龄儿童不能上学。

  Ⅶ。 Writing (15 points)

  Directions: Read the following text, then write a paragraph of about

  150 words on the topic: How young Carnegie felt about the one dollar

  and twenty cents he first earned.

  You can use this outline

  1)He felt very proud that he had become a contributing member of his family

  2)He was filled with a feeling of satisfaction because the money was the

  hard-earned reward of honest work.

  3)He believed that he would get into a better position some day.

  It is a great pleasure to tell how I served my apprenticeship as a businessman. But there seems to be a question preceding this: Why did I become a businessman? I am sure that I should never have selected a business career if I had been permitted to choose.

  The eldest son of parents who were themselves poor, I had, fortunately, to begin to perform some useful work in the world while still very young in order to earn an living and therefore came to understand even in early boyhood that my duty was to assist my parents and become, as soon as possible, a breadwinner in the family. What I could get to do, not what I desired, was the question.

  When I was born my father was a well-to-do master weaver in Scotland. This was the days before the steam engines. He owned no fewer than four handlooms and employed apprentices. He wove cloth for a merchant who supplied the material.

  When the steam engine came, handloom weaving naturally declined. The first serious lesson of my life came to me one day when I was just about ten years old. My father took the last of his work to the merchant, and returned home greatly distressed because there was no more work for him to do. I resolved then that the wolf of poverty should be driven from our door some day.

  The question of starting for the United States was discussed from day to day in the family council. It was finally resolved that we would join relatives already in Pittsburgh. I well remember that both father and mother thought the decision was a great sacrifice for them, but that “it would be better for the two boys.”

  On arriving, my father entered a cotton factory. I soon followed, and served as a “bobbin-boy,” and that was how I began my preparation for subsequent apprenticeship as a businessman. I cannot tell you how proud I was when I received my first week‘s earnings— one dollar and twenty cents. It was given to me because I had been of some use in the world! And I became a contributing member of my family! I think this makes a man out of a boy sooner than almost anything else. It is everything to feel that you are useful.

  I have had to deal with great sums. Many millions of dollars have since passed through my hands. But the genuine satisfaction I had from that one dollar and twenty cents outweights any subsequent pleasure in money making. It was the direct reward of honest, manual labor; it represented a week of very hard work— so hard that it might have been described as slavery if it hadn‘t been for its aim and end.

  It was a terrible task for a lad of twelve to rise every morning, except Sunday, go to the factory while it was still dark, and not be released until after darkness came again in the evening, forty minutes‘ break only being allowed at noon.

  But I was young and had my dreams, and something within always told me that this would not, could not, should not last— I should some day get into a better position. Also, I felt myself no longer a mere boy, but quite a little man, and this made me happy.

  A change soon came, for a kind old Scotsman, who made bobbins, took me into his factory before I was thirteen. But here for a time it was even worse

  than in the cotton factory, because I was set to fire the boiler in the cellar and run the small steam engine which drove the machinery. The responsibility of keeping the water right and of running the engine, and the danger of my making a mistake and blowing the whole factory to pieces, caused too great a strain, and I often awoke and found myself sitting up in bed through the night, trying the steam-gauges. But I never told them at home about this. No, no! Everything must be bright to them.

  This was a point of honor, for every member of the family was working hard, and we were telling each other only the bright things. Besides, no man would complain and give up—he would die first.

  There was no servant in our family, and my mother earned several dollars per week by binding shoes after her daily work was done! Father was also hard at work in the factory. And could I complain?

  My kind employer soon relieved me of the strain, for he needed someone to make out bills and keep his accounts, and finding that I could write a plain schoolboy hand and could add up, he made me his only clerk. But still I had to work hard upstairs in the workshop for the clerking took but little time.

  You know how people grumble about poverty as a great evil, and it seems to be accepted that if people had only plenty of money and were rich, they would be happy and more useful, and get more out of life.

  As a rule, there is more genuine satisfaction from life in the humble cottages of the poor than in the palaces of the rich. I always pity the sons and daughters of rich men, who are attended by servants, and have a governess even at a later age. They do not know what they have missed. For the poor boy who has in his father his constant companion, tutor, and model, and in his mother his nurse, teacher, guardian angel, saint, all in one, has a richer, more precious fortune in life than any rich man‘s son, and compared with which all other fortunes count for little.

  It is because I know how sweet and happy and pure the home of honest poverty is, how free it is from perplexing care, from social envy and emulations, how loving and how united its members may be in the common interest of supporting the family, that I sympathize with the rich man‘s boy and congratulate the poor man’s boy; and it is for these reasons that from the ranks of the poor so many strong, eminent, self-reliant men have always sprung and always must spring.

  If you will read the list of the immortals who “were not born to die,” you will find that most of them were born to the precious heritage of poverty.

  It seems, nowadays, a matter of universal desire that poverty should be abolished. We should be quite willing to abolish luxury, but to abolish honest, industrious self-denying poverty would be to destroy the soil upon which mankind produces the virtues which enable our race to reach a still higher civilization than it now possesses.

  综合英语(二) 试题参考答案及评分标准

  (0795)

  Ⅰ。 Complete the sentences with the best choice. (20 points, 1 point for each)

  1. C 2. C 3. C 4. A 5. B?6. A 7. D 8. C

  9. D 10. C?11.A 12. A 13. C 14. D 15. A?16. B

  17. B 18. D 19. A 20. B

  Ⅱ。 Complete each of the following sentences with a proper form of the word in the

  brackets. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  1. friendship?2. miserable?3. revolutionary 4. expansion

  5. responsibility 6. misjudgement?7. historical 8. peaceful

  9. harmful?10. insensitive

  Ⅲ。 Choose the best word (ONE word only) in the brackets for each blank:(20 points,

  1 point for each)

  One:

  1. who?2. for 3.finished?4. instead?5. developed

  6. style?7. describes?8. throughout?9. for?10. unable

  Two:

  1. spoken?2. slow 3. useless 4. at 5. although

  6. necessarily 7. more 8. moreover 9. specific 10. expressions

  Ⅳ。 Paraphrase each of the following sentences (15 points, 3 points for each)

  1. Many of us have so-called “quick temper”。 /Many of us have the tendency to become

  angry easily.

  2. To you, something seems poverty, but to me, it is attractiveness.

  3. I think this is the quickest way for a boy to become mature.

  4. The Sea Around Us gave us much knowledge about the sea and animals in it, which

  had been the ignorance of human.

  5. He wanted to perform the exciting music work with his violin for the old man.

  Ⅴ。 Reading comprehension(10 points, 1 point for each)

  Passage One:

  1. A 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. D

  Passage Two:

  6. C 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. D

  Ⅵ。 Translate the following sentences into English (10 points, 2 points for each)

  1. Don‘t you still understand his intent?

  2. The flood in 1998 sounded a serious warming to Chinese people.

  3. Being out of work and the death of his little daughter almost drove him into the

  hopeless situation.

  4. But the suffering of loneliness and the fear of death are not the inevitable course of

  growing old.

  5. In remote areas a large number of school-age children are still turned out from the

  school.

  Ⅶ。 Writing (15 points)

 

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