Ⅰ。 Multiple Choice Questions（30 points， 2 points for each）
A. Directions： This part consists of ten sentences， each followed by four different versions marked A，B，C and？D. Choose the one that is the closest equivalent to the original in terms of meaning and expressiveness and write it down on the answer sheet.
1.Bill was given a chair and asked to wait a little as darkness came on， then suddenly the whole bridge was outlined in lights.
2.It will strengthen you to know that you distinguished career is so widely respected and appreciated.
3.Alice rudely showed me the door.
4.There‘s the bell； someone is at the door.
5.There is no one of us but wishes to go to the exhibition.
6.The car beeped at me until I fastened my seatbelt.
A. Literary works have stood the test to time because of the skill， who today really cares about the details of life a hundred years ago？
B. Literary works have stood the test of time because of the skill. Who today really cares about the details of life a hundred years ago？
C. Literary works have stood the test of time because of the skill with which they were written. Who today really cares about the details of what life was like a hundred years ago？
D. Literary works have stood the test of time because of the skill with which they were written， who today really cares about the details of what life was like a hundred years ago？
A. The volume of money in circulation should keep at a level beneficial to stabilizing the value of the RMB and to economic growth.
B.The volume of money in circulation should be kept at a level that will stabilize the value of the RMB and encourage economic growth.
C.The volume of money in circulation should be kept at a level beneficial to stabilize the value of the RMB and to encourage economic growth.
D.The volume of money in circulation should be kept at a level beneficial to stabilizing the value of the RMB and to economic growth.
A. Development is the hard reason.
B. Development is the hard principle.
C. Development is the absolute reason.
D. Development is the absolute principle.
A.Most of the less developed areas are rich in resources， have great potential for development.
B.Most of the less developed areas are rich in resources and have great potential for development.
C.Most of the less developed areas are rich in resources development potential is very great.
D.Most of the less developed areas are rich in resources and their development potential very great.
B. Directions： This part consists of five unfinished statements， each followed by four choices marked A，B，C and D. Select the one that best completes each statement and write it down on the answer sheet.
Ⅱ。Phrase Translation （20 points， 1 point for each）
A. Directions： Put the following phrases into Chinese.
16.a man of letters
17.the gold rush
22.like a drowned rat
24.an insect-free world
B. Directions： Put the following phrases into English.
Ⅲ。Translation Improvement（20 points， 2 points for each）
Directions： Each of the following translations has one or more inadequacies.
Improve the given translations.
原文：He asked after you.
36.原文：By 1820， it was standard to bring workers into a factory and have them overseen.
37.原文：Many exciting and experimental things in theatre are also being done in university theatres and community centers.
38.原文：Don‘t lose time in doing your homework.
39.原文：I discovered that more than desire and emotion were necessary to write， so I dropped the idea.
40.原文：Presently he was met by an elderly parson astride on a gray mare， who， as he rode， hummed a wandering tune.
41.原文：A friend exaggerates a man‘s virtue， an enemy his crimes.
译文：Look into the 21st century， we are convinced that there lies an even brighter future.
改译：Looking into the 21st century， we are convinced that there lies an even brighter future.
译文：In this way， I can render them better service and exchange feelings with them and also reduce their misunderstandings and conflicts with other passengers.
译文：In the prolonged course of China‘s development， it has formed its fine historical and cultural traditions.
译文：Science and technology are a first productive force.
译文：A planned economy is not equivalent to socialism， there is planning under capitalism too； a market economy is not capitalism， there are markets under socialism too.
Ⅳ。Paragraph Translation （30 points）
A. Directions： Translate the following passage into Chinese.（20 points）
46.Vegetable oil has been known from antiquity. No household can get on without it， for it is used in cooking. Perfumes may be made from the oils of certain flowers. Soaps are made from vegetable and animal oils.
Two metal surfaces rubbing together cause friction and heat； but if they are separated by a thin film of oil， the friction and heat are reduced. No machine would work for long if it were not properly lubricated. The oil used for this purpose must be of the correct thickness； if it is too thin it will not give sufficient lubrication， and if it is too thick it will not reach all parts that must be lubricated.
B. Directions： Translate the following passage into English.（10 points）
Ⅰ。Multiple Choice Questions（30 points， 2 points for each）
Ⅱ。Phrase Translation（20 points， 1 point for each）
27.On New Democracy
28.the Northern Expedition
29.the Municiple Government
30.multinational（或 transnational） corporation（或company）
31.the Silk Road
33.the Security Council
Ⅲ。Translation Improvement（20 points， 2 point for each）
42.In this way， I can render them better service and be friends with them and also reduce their misunderstandings and conflicts with other passengers.
43.In the prolonged course of its development， China has formed its fine historical and cultural traditions.
44.Science and technology are a primary productive force.
45.A planned economy is not equivalent to socialism， because there is planning under capitalism too； a market economy is not capitalism， because there are markets under socialism too.
47.Revolution means the emancipation of the productive forces， and so does reform. The overthrow of the reactionary rule of imperialism ， feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism helped release the productive forces of the Chinese people. This was revolution， so revolution means the emancipation of the productive forces.