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2004年7月浙江省高等教育自学考试英语词汇学试题

2005-06-11 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  课程代码:00832

  Ⅰ。Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement and put the letter in the bracket.(30%)

  1.An idiom is characterized by ( )。

  A. semantic unity B. structural stability

  C. non-motivation D. all the above

  2. Which words belong to the functional words  ( )

  A. prepositions, auxiliaries, conjunctions

  B. articles, adjectives, pronouns

  C. adverbs, conjunctions, nouns

  D. prepositions, auxiliaries, articles

  3. A word is a symbol that ( )。

  A. is used by the same speech community

  B. represents something else in the world

  C. is both simple and complex in nature

  D. shows different ideas in different sounds

  4. “Phone”, “doc”, “sis” and “fridge” are examples of ( )

  A. abbreviation B. shortening

  C. clipping D. analogy

  5. Meaning is closely related to ( )。

  A. concept B. contextualism

  C. implicature D. symbolism

  6. ( ) is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used of one thing is applied to another.

  A. Simile B. Synecdoche

  C. Overstatement D. Metaphor

  7. Most English idioms are ( ) .

  A. opaque B. transparent

  C. motivated D. self-evident

  8. The pond was full of garbage, giving ( ) the worst smell that you can imagine.

  A. off B. over

  C. in D. up

  9. ( ) are morphemes used to express grammatical relationships between a word and its context.

  A. Grammatical morphemes B. Inflectional morphemes

  C. Bound morphemes D. A and B

  10. Stylistically, back-formed words are largely ( ) and some of them have not gained public acceptance.

  A. informal B. adjectives

  C. human nouns D. formal

  11. The word “nose” in the phrase “the nose of the plane” is related to ( )。

  A. onomatopoeic motivation B. semantic motivation

  C. morphological motivation D. etymological motivation

  12. Which of the following statements is NOT true  ( )

  A. English is more closely related to German than French.

  B. Scandinavian languages refer to Icelandic, Norwegian, Danish and Swedish.

  C. Old English was not a highly inflected language.

  D. In early Middle English period, English, Latin, and French existed side by side.

  13. In the idiom “fortune‘s wheel”, we change it into “wheel of fortune” without changing meaning. This change of constituent is known as ( )。

  A. replacement B. deletion

  C. position-shifting D. dismembering

  14. “Marshal”, “lady”, and “fond” have experienced the process of ( ) of meaning.

  A. degradation B. elevation

  C. extension D. narrowing

  15. The words which occur before or after a word and may affect its meaning form ( )。

  A. grammatical context B. lexical context

  C. context of culture D. extra-linguistic context

  16. According to the purpose of dictionaries we have ( ) dictionaries.

  A. monolingual, bilingual and multilingual B. synchronic and diachronic

  C. pocket, medium-sized and unabridged D. general and specialized

  17. The rhetorical coloring of “Time and tide wait for no man.” is ( ) .

  A. rime B. juxtaposition

  C. reiteration D. alliteration

  18. The majority of newly coined words are ( ) .

  A. adverbials B. nouns

  C. verbs D. adjectives

  19. “Yahoo” is a ( ) motivated word.

  A. semantically B. etymologically

  C. onomatopoetically D. morphologically

  20. Much of this early excitement and expectation was met with successive breakthroughs in scientific research on plant gene transfer methods, identification of valuable genes, and the eventual performance of transgenic crops. How is the underlined word formed ( ) .

  A. compounding B. blending

  C. back-formation D. prefixation

  Ⅱ。Complete the following statements with proper words or expressions according to the course book.(10%)

  21. ________ began with the establishment of printing in England.

  22. According to the functions of affixes, we can put them into two groups: inflectional and ________ affixes.

  23. NATO stands for ________.

  24. Relative synonyms also called ________ are similar or nearly the same in denotation, but embrace different degrees of a given quality.

  25 The idiom “Jack of all trades” is the shortened from “Jack of all trades and ________.”

  Ⅲ。Match the words in Column A with those in Column B according to 1) rhetorical features of the idioms;2)sense relations;3)assimilation degree;4)characteristics of the basic word stock and motivation.(10%)

  A B

  26.UNESCO ( ) a morphological motivation

  27.terminology ( ) b translation loan

  28.alliteration ( ) c acronym

  29.meat ( ) d metaphor

  30. will and testament ( ) e sum and substance

  31. juxtaposition ( ) f repetition

  32. in the cradle ( ) g narrowing

  33. Nazi ( ) h rain or shine

  34. minibus ( ) I borrowed words

  35. Hidden Dragon, Crouched Tiger ( ) j semantics

  Ⅳ。Define the following terms.(15%)

  36. Vocabulary

  37. Inflectional morphemes

  38. Affective meaning

  39. Amelioration

  40. Sentence idioms

  Ⅴ。Answer the following questions. Your answers should be clear and short. Write your answers in the space given below.(15%)

  41. What are the foreign elements in the English vocabulary

  42. What does the following verbs tell us

  A man changes his habits, alters his conduct, and varies his manner of speaking.

  43. Analyse morphemes in the following words.

  individualistic characteristic inflectional

  Ⅵ。 Analyze the following. Write your answers in the space given below.(20%)

  44. If some students ask you to recommend one or two good dictionaries to them, what would you recommend  Why

  45. Determine the language from which each of the given words has been borrowed and translate them into Chinese.

  Original language Translation

  1. pizza

  2. gondola

  3. justice

  4. San Francisco

  5. lieutenant

  6. etc.

  7. government

  8. salon

  9. loquat

  10. archaeology

 

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