1.______ is NOT a design feature of human language. （ ）
A. Cultural transmission B. Displacement
C. Duality of structure D. Prescriptivism
2. Vibration of the vocal cords results in ______. （ ）
A. aspiration B.nasality
C. obstruction D. voicing
3. The word “simplifications” has ______ morphemes in it. （ ）
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
4. “ We vowed to fight on until all our demands were met” is a sentence. （ ）
A. coordinate B. complex C. compound D.simple
5. The relationship between “fruit” and “apple” is ______. （ ）
A. homonymy B. hyponymy C. polysemy D. synonymy
6. “Interviewer” and “ interviewee” are a pair of ______ opposites. （ ）
A. complementary B. gradable C. complete D. relational
7. The maxim of ______ requires that a participant‘s contr
ibution be relevant to the conversation. （ ）
A. quantity B. quality C. relation D. manner
8. The regular consonant changes found among cognates in the Germanic languages were known as ______Law. （ ）
A. Bopp‘s B. Grimm’s C. Jones‘ D. Rask’s
9. When a ______ comes to be adopted by a population as its primary language and children learn it as their first language， it becomes . （ ）
A. creole…… pidgin B. pidgin…… creole
C. regional dialect……lingua franca D. lingua franca……regional dialect
10. A child who knows the general plural form may apply the rule to irregular nouns and produce “foots”。 This is called ______. （ ）
A. assimilation B. transfer
C. overgeneralization D. underextension
1. In F. de Saussure‘s dichotomy， l______ refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community； p is its realization in actual use.
2. Language is a system of a______ vocal symbols for human communication.
3. M______ studies how words are formed， while s studies how words are combined to form sentences.
4. In the study of meaning， s______ is only concerned with relations between linguistic elements； r______ deals with the relationship between the linguistic element and nonlinguistic world of experience.
5. Conversational i______ may arise as a result of a speaker‘s violation of the cooperational principle.
6. S______ are varieties of languages used by people belonging to particular social classes； e______ dialect is spoken mainly by a less privileged social class； i______ is a personal dialect.
7. In the second language acquisition， there is supposed to be a c period， which lasts from age two to puberty.
8. The localization of cognitive and perceptual function in a particular hemisphere of the brain is called l______.
9. A learner has i______ motivation when he learns a second language in order to use it functionally， while i______ motivation occurs when the learner‘s goal is social.
10. I______ is an approximate language system that a second language learner constructs， which represents the learner‘s transitional competence in the target language.
1. Synchronic study describes language as it changes through time. （ ）
2. Monosyllabic words can also have word stress. （ ）
3. All affixes are bound morphemes. （ ）
4. “He saw a child” entails “He saw a girl”。 （ ）
5. In pragmatics， utterance meaning is concrete and contextindependent .（ ）
6. Only sociological factors contribute to language change. （ ）
7. The word UN is an abbreviation， while TV is an acronym. （ ）
8. Euphemisms may serve as substitutes for taboo words. （ ）
9. The strong version of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis proposes that language determine thought. （ ）
10. Interference from one‘s first language may occur at all levels of grammar. （ ）
1. derivational morpheme
2. stylistic synonyms
3. illocutionary act
5. standard language
6. telegraphic speech
1.Tell the difference between phone， phoneme and allophone.
2.For each of the following two sentences， draw a tree diagram of its underlying structure that will reveal the difference in the relationship between John and please.
1）John is eager to please.
2）John is easy to please .