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2004年4月全国高等教育自学考试综合英语一试题

2005-06-11 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  全国2004年4月高等教育自学考试

  综合英语(一)试题

  课程代码:00794

  PART ONE (40 POINTS)

  I.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C和D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分)

  1.It ( ) a lot so far this month.

  A.is raining B.rains

  C.rained D.has bee raining

  2.Jim had been studying very hard, and ( ) he failed the exam.

  A.thus B.so

  C.yet D.hence

  3.If you don‘t want to go to the party, you ( ) stay at home.

  A.might well as B.might just as

  C.might as just well D.might just as well

  4.I have taken quite a few courses this term, ( ) turn out to be not as interesting as I expected.

  A.some B.some of which

  C.those D.some of them

  5.The coat I bought for my brother cost me ( ) the one for myself.

  A.three times as much as B.three times as many as

  C.as three times many as D.as three times as

  6.Bob feels that his composition is better than ( ) in his class.

  A.the other‘s B.any other’s

  C.the other student D.any other student

  7.I had meant ( ) you about it , but I forgot to do so.

  A.telling B.to tell

  C.to have told D.having told

  8.( ) for their help, we would not have succeeded.

  A.Hadn‘t been B.Had it not been

  C.It hadn‘t been D.Had been not

  9.Not only ( ) a promise, but he also kept it.

  A.has he made B.he made

  C.had he made D.he had made

  10.More and more adults in the rural areas ( ) in self-study programs.

  A.were believed to be enrolled

  B.believed to be enrolled

  C.were believed to enroll

  D.believed to enroll

  11.( ) an answer, John decided to write another letter to them.

  A.Having not received B.Not having received

  C.Not to receive D.To receive not

  12.There was so much noise that the teacher couldn‘t make ( )

  A.himself to hear B.to hear himself

  C.himself hear D.himself heard

  13.We‘d better not go until your brother arrives, ( )

  A.had we B.did we

  C.wouldn‘t we D.shouldn’t we

  14.We had these photos ( ) when we were working in the fields.

  A.taking B.to be taken

  C.taken D.to take

  15.All flights ( ) because of the heavy fog, we decided to take the train.

  A.have canceled B.have been canceled

  C.having canceled D.having been canceled

  16.His experience in the army will have a profound ( ) on his life.

  A.effort B.impression

  C.effect D.result

  17.As we get to know people, we take into ( ) things like age, race, physical attractiveness and economic and social status.

  A.account B.concern

  C.advantage D.charge

  18.How much do you think a pearl of this size will be ( )

  A.worthwhile B.worthy

  C.worth it D.worth

  19.Fire ( ) from the hospital last Saturday evening. Unfortunately, two patients died in the fire.

  A.broke away B.broke out

  C.broke off D.broke through

  20.These animals with long necks ( ) the leaves of tall trees.

  A.live on B.live by

  C.go by D.go on

  21.He was just too busy yesterday, ( ), he certainly would have gone with you.

  A.however B.spontaneously

  C.almost D.otherwise

  22.These European countries were afraid of being dragged into this dispute. It might ( ) them in a war.

  A.urge B.involve

  C.head D.lead

  23.( ) the beautiful weather there, he felt he had overcome his depression and tiredness.

  A.Thanks to B.But for

  C.Instead of D.Apart from

  24.I found it hard to concentrate on my work ( ) so many people around.

  A.during B.when

  C.because D.with

  25.One of the hardest parts of traveling in general is to ( ) a list of what you‘ll need to bring with you.

  A.come along with B.come up with

  C.come across D.come about

  26.The number of car-owners is on the increase. Some young people ( ) the car as a status symbol.

  A.look upon B.look to

  C.look up D.look at

  27.The organization has been ( ) the protection of environment since its founding.

  A.committed to B.loyal to

  C.given to D.appointed to

  28.He worked in a small village in Heilongjiang province ten years ago. But all these years he has stayed in ( ) with some villagers there.

  A.conversation B.connection

  C.touch D.communication

  29.It was not the best result. But he was quite content ( ) the improvement.

  A.with B.at

  C.on D.in

  30.After a long discussion they decided to ( ) those unreasonable and outdated rules.

  A.break down B.get away from

  C.do away with D.turn down

  II.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Passage 1

  A linguist is always listening, never off-duty. I invited a group of friends round to my house, telling them that I was going to record their speech. I said I was interested in their regional accents, and that it would take only a few minutes. Thus one evening, three people turned up at my house and were shown into my front room. When they saw the room they were a bit alarmed, for it was laid out as a studio.(工作室) In front of each easy chair, there was a microphone at head height, with wires leading to a tape recorder in the middle of the floor. They sat down, and I explained that all I wanted was for them to count from 1 to 20. Then we could relax and have a drink.

  I turned on the tape-recorder and each in turn counted from 1 to 20 in their best accents. When it was over, I turned the tape-recorder off and brought round the drinks. For the rest of the evening there was general jolly conversation—spoilt only by the fact that I had to take a telephone call in another room, which unfortunately lasted some time.

  As a matter of fact, the microphones were not connected to the tape-recorder in the middle of the room at all but to another one in the kitchen. The participants, having seen the visible tape-recorder turned off, paid no more attention to the microphone which stayed in front of their chairs, only a few inches from their mouths, thus giving excellent sound quality. And my lengthy absence meant that I was able to obtain as natural a piece of conversation as it would be possible to find.

  Of course, I did tell my friends what had happened to them after the event was over and gave them the option of destroying the tape. But none of them wanted to.

  31.The linguist asked his friends to count from one to twenty because .

  A.he wanted to record the numbers for his research

  B.he wanted to find out whether the tape recorder was working

  C.he wanted to make his friends relax before real recording started

  D.he wanted his friends to think that was all he wanted to record

  32.The linguist turned off the tape-recorder because .

  A.he had to answer a phone call

  B.he wanted his friends to enjoy some drinks

  C.he thought the tape-recorder might bother his friends

  D.he wanted to make his friends believe he had finished the recording

  33.The linguist went into another room to .

  A.get a natural recording of his friends‘ conversation

  B.stay away from too much drinking with his friends

  C.bring a telephone into the front room.

  D.answer a long distance phone call

  34.The linguist successfully recorded his friends‘ conversation on the recorder .

  A.in the kitchen

  B.in the front room

  C.in the middle of the room

  D.in the room where he was answering the call

  35.Which of the following words can best describe the recording which the linguist managed to make

  A.controlled B.prepared

  C.natural D.artificial

  Passage 2

  A father‘s relationship to his child’s current and future academic success is an important factor with some rather interesting implications that educators are beginning to study and estimate. As a matter of fact, “life with father” has been discovered to be a very important factor in determining a child‘s progress or lack of progress in school.

  A recent survey of over 16,000 children made by the National Child Development Study in London, England, revealed that children whose fathers came to school conferences and accompanied their children on outings did better in schools than did those children whose fathers were not involved in these activities. The study monitored(监测) children born in the same week in March,1958, from the time of their birth through the years of their early schooling. It revealed that the children of actively involved fathers did better in reading and math than did children whose only involved parent was the mother. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role played by fathers in the raising of a child. It indicated a much higher level of parental involvement by the father than had been expected. Over 66% of the fathers were said to have played a major role in parental responsibility.

  The study also suggested that the greatest level of fatherly parenting took place in the families of only one child. As the number of children and financial obligations increased, the father‘s apparent interest and involvement with the children decreased. However, no matter what the size of financial condition of the family, a father’s active participation in the child‘s development made a definite difference in the child’s progress.

  The study further revealed that when the father was frequently away from home for the night, it had a bad effect on the child‘s level in math and reading. However, if he worked on night shifts, it appeared to have little effect on the child’s academic progress. The data for the study was obtained primarily through interviews with parents, teachers and physicians. The information that evaluated the level of the father‘s parenting performance came chiefly from observations of their wives.

  36.In this article the author intends to say that ( )。

  A.parental involvement by the father is as good as that by the mother

  B.parental involvement by the father is far better than that by the mother

  C.children with only father‘s involvement do very well in schools

  D.children with the father‘s involvement do better in math and reading than those whose only involved parent is the mother

  37.The expression “life with father” in this context means ( )。

  A.life in a family without the mother

  B.life in a family with only the father

  C.life in a family where the father is involved in the child‘s growth

  D.life in a family where the mother is not involved in the child‘s growth

  38.Study results show that ( ) the fathers were involved in the child‘s development.

  A.about one third of B.about two-thirds of

  C.just about half of D.no more than half of

  39.The study indicated that if fathers are frequently away from home for the night, their children might be ( ) in reading and math.

  A.favorably affected B.little affected

  C.unfavorably affected D.a little affected

  40.The data accumulated was obtained through ( )。

  A.monitoring children of the same age throughout their schooling

  B.interviews with the children‘s mothers

  C.observations of parents, teachers and physicians

  D.monitoring, interviews and observations

  PART TWO (60 POINTS)

  III.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

  41.naturally 42.dishonest 43.demonstrate 44.customary

  45.business 46.nature 47.contribute 48.clergyman

  49.approach 50.disappointment 51.beneath 52.nonsense

  53.observe 54.arrangement 55.squad 56.couch

  57.bathing 58.regain 59.motionless 60.chemical

  IV.完形填空(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)

  A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  took dream for wanted

  Instead if into again

  about applied that own

  A father told us about his nine-year-old daughter who had developed a passion for horse. One day she asked him 61 he would buy her a horse. He said it 62 some effort not to tell her that it was impossible because of money and space. 63 ,he said,“So you wish you could have a horse of your 64 .Tell me about it.”Then he listened as she went 65 long detail about how she‘d feed her horse and groom him and take him 66 rides every day. Just talking about her 67 to him seemed to be enough for her. She never pressed him 68 to buy the horse. But after that conversation, She took books out of the library 69 horses, drew sketches of horses, and started saving part of her allowance to buy land one day for her horse. A few years later she 70 for a job helping out at a local stable, where she traded her services for occasional rides.

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  The first person stood up and told a very funny joke about an Englishman who fell in love with his umbrella. When he finished, he was in tears 71 laughter, for he always laughed at his own jokes. The 72 of the group remained dead silent. You could tell from their faces and their eyes 73 they found the joke funny, but not one of them was going to laugh, and give 74 the chance to win the competition. The second told a story 75 a three-legged pig, which was so good that, some years later, a film company 76 a cartoon of it. When she sat down, the others 77 their faces in their handkerchiefs, coughed, pretended to sneeze, 78 pencils under the table—anything to cover 79 their laughter. And so it went on, joke after joke, the sort of 80 that make your sides ache. And nobody dared to laugh.

  V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  81.According to Dr. Applebaum, the cruelest lie of all on TV is .

  82.According to the writer of The Emotional Bank Account, if you don‘t forgive, .

  83.Hans Christian Andersen‘s own life story was like a fairy tale because .

  84.Bob Sugg thought the man in police uniform was the criminal as .

  85.The druggist mailed Sangstrom‘s confession to a friend in the police so that .

  86.The trashman was shocked because when he greeted people, .

  87.Agent X managed to win Pappy‘s trust by .

  88.The letter “A” was important to the author because .

  89.The author of This Life, Sidney Poitier, thought he owed a lot to the old Jewish man who .

  90.In The Outside Chance, the sentence “When the gods wish to punish us, they answer our prayers” means .

  VI.将下列句子译成英语。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  91.中国人大多喜欢乘火车而不是乘汽车旅行。

  92.在中国,能被北大或清华录取是很荣耀的事。

  93.作为记者,他不仅会说英语,而且会说法语和德语。

  94.香烟给烟草公司带来巨额利润,但是它对人们的健康非常有害。

  95.学生应该明白参加社会活动对他们的成长具有重要意义。

  96.孩子们盼望春节的到来,他们可以呆在家里,玩电脑游戏。

  97.自从施行新的城市规划以来,附近又盖起了一些新的建筑物。

  98.国家的经济每况愈下,Tom发现越来越难以养家了。

  99.刚才给我们做关于计算机科学报告的人在一家大公司工作。

  100.在对外关系中,中国奉行国家无论大小,都应该平等的原则。

 

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