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2000年4月份北京市高等教育自学考试水平考试(一)试题(笔试部分)

2005-06-10 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  Section I Vocabulary and Grammatical Structure

  Part A (20%)

  Directions: In this part of the test, four words or phrases are given. You are to choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark you choice of answer on your answer sheet.

  1.Mr Johnson has been asked to _________ the next meeting of the club committee.

  A.manage

  B.take

  C.chair

  D.lead

  2.She did not ________ staying at home as she had some reading she wanted to do.

  A.mind

  B.object

  C.matter

  D.care

  3.He wanted to ________ off all his work before he came to the cinema with us.

  A.stop

  B.finish

  C.end

  D.put

  4.He said that he had never ________ across a painting which pleased him more.

  A.seen

  B.viewed

  C.happened

  D.come

  5.I suddenly _________ that I had left my purse with the money at home.

  A.understood

  B.recognised

  C.knew

  D.realised

  6.Her mother asked her to ________ the table for the evening meal.

  A.place

  B.put out

  C.serve

  D.lay

  7.You must ________ that your safety belt is fastened.

  A.examine

  B.secure

  C.check

  D.guarantee

  8.I don‘t believe that this plan is _________ of serious consideration.

  A.worth

  B.worthy

  C.worthwhile

  D.worthless

  9.Some useful ideas were suggested while they were ______ the school‘s programme for the next term.

  A.arguing about

  B.discussing

  C.quarrelling about

  D.disputing about

  10.Weeks later he had still not found a job and he began to feel _______.

  A.sorry

  B.displaced

  C.displeased

  D.discouraged

  Part B (20%)

  Directions: In Part B, each problem consists of an incomplete sentence. Four words or phrases, marked A, B, C, and D are given beneath the sentence. You are to choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the problem and mark your choice of answer.

  11.The boys in our neighbourhood like to imitate __________.

  A.each other

  B.one and other

  C.one another

  D.one and the other

  12.The pupils were told to go home __________their clothes.

  A.for changing

  B.to change

  C.to changing

  D.for change

  13.Hardly a day goes by __________ I don‘t think of her.

  A.when

  B.than

  C.then

  D.while

  14.“Is shopping here very expensive?”

  “Yes, the price runs __________fifty dollars.”

  A.so high to

  B.as high to

  C.so high as

  D.as high as

  15.This is the first time that I __________your city.

  A.visited

  B.have visited

  C.had visited

  D.was visiting

  16.No, we __________go in there. It says ENTRANCE FORBIDDEN.

  A.don‘t have to

  B.haven‘t got to

  C.needn‘t

  D.mustn‘t

  17.The archeologist has discovered one of the most valuable pictures __________.

  A.that has ever been painted

  B.has ever been painted

  C.that have ever been painted

  D.have ever been painted

  18.He took his friend‘s __________as to what he should do.

  A.advise

  B.advice

  C.advices

  D.advises

  19.__________was quite encouraging.

  A.What did the speaker say

  B.What the speaker say

  C.What said the speaker

  D.What the speaker said

  20.Walking home, __________.

  A.a noise frightened the little girl

  B.the little girl was frightened by a noise

  C.a noise was frightened by the little girl

  D.the little girl frightened a noise

  Part C (20%)

  Directions: Below the following passage you will find a list of items which refer to the numbered blanks in the passage. Complete the passage, using the item in each set (A, B, C, D) which best fits the meaning of the passage. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the item and mark your choice of answer.

  Slimming Food

  These days most people, especially young girls, like _____21______ slim. Our grandparents‘ tastes were different ______22_______ ours but nowadays ______23______ seems to enjoy ______24______ fat people. That is why many companies have developed special foods to help people to slim. The only thing ______25______ is wrong with this is ______26______ ______27______ said to me the other day: ’I don‘t mind ______28______ these foods if they’ll help me to lose weight but why do they taste so awful?‘ The reason ______29______ this is that the manufacturers have to include a lot of vitamins to satisfy the law, so the only sensible advice I could give my friend was ’Eat normal food, but ______30______ less‘。

  21.A.to look

  B.to be looked

  C.that they look

  D.that they are looking

  22.A.of

  B.that

  C.from

  D.as

  23.A.anyone

  B.anybody

  C.none

  D.no one

  24.A.looking

  B.looking at

  C.to look

  D.to look at

  25.A.it

  B.that

  C.what

  D.as

  26.A.one

  B.that

  C.which

  D.what

  27.A.a friend of mine

  B.a friend of me

  C.a friend mine

  D.one friend of me

  28.A.eat

  B.to eat

  C.eating

  D.the eating

  29.A.for

  B.of

  C.that

  D.why

  30.A.to eat

  B.eating

  C.be eating

  D.eat

  Section II Reading Comprehension

  Part D (40%)

  Directions: In this section you will be given two passages of reading material followed by questions about the meaning of the material. You are to choose the one best answer, A, B, C, or D to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the problem and mark your choice of answer.

  Passage 1

  The Architect

  We have all heard stories of the architect who forgot to provide stairs or lifts in the block of flats he was designing. There are even sillier tales of houses designed without any doors. However, many strange buildings can still be seen. In past centuries, there were hardly any building restrictions, and rich people could build whatever they wanted. Sometimes their ideas were very odd indeed and resulted in strange ‘follies’, such as a triangular cottage, or a hen-house in the form of a pyramid, or a house disguised as a windmill. But nowadays there are a great many restrictions, both official and aesthetic, and the architect must know all of them. The artistic and creative aspects are only a small part of the modem architect‘ work. He does not simply design a building and then wait for someone else to build it. He must know all the qualities of the materials he uses, and has to take into consideration heating, lighting, ventilation, insulation, drainage, and many other aspects that never worried our ancestors at all.

  In all building work there are three main parties: the client, the architect and the builder. The client tells the architect what he wants, or, at least, gives him some idea of the kind of building he has in mind. The architect then visits the site and prepares rough plans for the client‘s approval. He also consults the various authorities concerned. When all the work has been approved in principle, and the plans satisfy the client, the architect can then prepare working drawings and detailed instructions for the builder. Different builders are then invited to submit estimates, or ’tenders‘, for doing the work; the most economical tender is usually accepted. So the work begins. A modern architect is the leader of a team of specialists, and must co-ordinate all their services. There is no other profession that involves so many suppliers, contractors, consultants, authorities and tradesmen. There are few jobs that are more difficult to carry out, and few that give more satisfaction when a project is completed successfully.

  31.In what way is the work of an architect in the twentieth century more difficult than it was three hundred years ago?

  A.There were no restrictions on building in the past.

  B.Modern buildings are much bigger.

  C.There are a lot of restrictions nowadays and more problems to consider.

  D.Three hundred years ago, houses had no heating or drainage to consider.

  32.What is a ‘folly’?

  A.Something stupid.

  B.A building in a strange shape.

  C.A rich man‘s house.

  D.A house with few restrictions.

  33.A block of flats is a _________.

  A.house

  B.home

  C.building

  D.design

  34.An architect does not ________design a building.

  A.quite

  B.just

  C.easily

  D.alone

  35.He has to consider many other aspects that never ________our ancestors at all.

  A.bothered

  B.made angry

  C.frightened

  D.called

  Passage 2

  Recycling Waste

  Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dustbin would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.

  The new concept of recycling waste is taking shape at the British technological laboratory at Warren Spring, not far north of London. Today, the laboratory spends four times as much money in studying recycling as it did five years ago. The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well. Methods have been discovered, for example, for removing the ink from newsprint so that the paper can be used again, and for obtaining valuable oils and gases from old motorcar tyres. All these ideas are already being made use of, but what is new is the idea of combining them on such a large scale, in a single plant designed to recycle most types of waste.

  Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: first, it will pass through sharp metal spikes which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that crushers and rollers will break up everything that can be broken. Finally, the rubbish will pass under magnets, which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.

  The first full-scale giant recycling plants are, perhaps, fifteen years away. But in some big industrial areas, where rubbish has been dumped for so long that there are no holes left to fill up with rubbish, these new automatic recycling plants may be built sooner. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.

  36.Projects for recycling waste in Britain

  A.will not be started for at least fifteen years.

  B.are being developed all over Britain.

  C.have not yet been fully tested.

  D.have been abandoned because they are too expensive.

  37.The purpose of the latest recycling project is

  A.To extract useful raw materials from the waste.

  B.To find a way of destroying all kinds of waste.

  C.to prevent people from putting rubbish into holes.

  D.To find out how much raw material is being wasted.

  38.The new type of recycling plant will

  A.recycle only paper and rubber.

  B.not recycle metals, paper or rubber.

  C.not recycle steel, lead or copper.

  D.recycle paper, rubber and metals.

  39.The first recycling plants

  A.have already been built in large industrial areas.

  B.will not be built for at least fifteen years.

  C.will probably be built in the next fifteen years.

  D.will be too expensive to build near big cities.

  40.Which of the following statements is not true?

  A.Britain is not the only nation that is planning to recycle waste.

  B.The new recycling plants will be able to process most kinds of waste.

  C.Recycling plants will be necessary because it is now too expensive to transport rubbish.

  D.Magnets will be used to separate the iron from the steel.

 

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