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2004年7月全国高等教育自学考试综合英语一试题

2005-06-11 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

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  Ⅰ。用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案。(每小题1分,共30分)

  1. Yesterday we called at ______.

  A. Mary‘s sister’s B. my aunts

  C. a friend of my uncles D. my uncle

  2. During the exam no one is allowed to ask ______ questions.

  A. a few B. all

  C. any D. some

  3. Which of the following sentences is wrong

  A. China will never be the first to use nucleur weapons.

  B. The Ninth Lesson is hard to understand.

  C. The Lesson Ten is easy to understand.

  D. China belongs to the third world.

  4. An assistant manager is ______ a manager in position.

  A. inferior to B. inferior than

  C. more inferior than D. more inferior to

  5. The room was crowded ______ people ______ another village.

  A. with, to B. with, from

  C. of, in D. by, of

  6. He promised us that he ______ early but he ______ yet.

  A. would be, hasn‘t arrived B. is, hasn’t been arriving

  C. should be, isn‘t arriving D. will be, hadn’t arrived

  7. My friend kept on ______ me cigarettes and tea.

  A. having offered B. being offered

  C. to offer D. offering

  8. If I had known that, I ______ so.

  A. wouldn‘t have done B. didn’t do

  C. won‘t do D. wouldn’t do

  9. ______ the rain stop, the crops would be saved.

  A. Will B. Would

  C. Should D. Did

  10. The police ______ a prisoner.

  A. are searched for B. is searching

  C. are searching for D. is searching for

  11. I cannot understand ______ to go to the meeting.

  A. them to forbid B. them to be forbidden

  C. their being forbidden D. their forbidding

  12. X-rays are able to pass through objects and thus make ______ details that are otherwise impossible to observe.

  A. it visible B. visibly

  C. visible D. they are visible 13. ______ at the spot, Tom found that the gypsies(吉普赛) had gone.

  A. As his arriving B. As his reaching

  C. On his arrival D. On his reaching

  14. “Would you rather watch TV or go for a walk ” “______ the TV program is good this afternoon, I think I need the exercise more.”

  A. Even though B. No matter how

  C. Despite of D. In spite of 15. During their quarrel he didn‘t say anything. He knew there was ______ in giving the advice.

  A. without B. of no use

  C. not much point D. no usage

  16. After a long discussion,they ______ an agreement.

  A. came across B. came to

  C. came up D. came into

  17. He often goes to school by bike ______ it rains.

  A. except when B. except that

  C. except D. besides

  18. Once formed, bad habits are hard to ______.

  A. get rid of B. get along with

  C. get used to D. get hold of 19. This problem will be ______ discussed in Chapter 2.

  A. deep B. enough

  C. further D. farther

  20. ______ your courage in time of difficulties.

  A. Keep down B. Keep out

  C. Keep on D. Keep up

  21. My old school friend had changed so much that I could hardly ______ him.

  A. recognize B. remember

  C. know D. make out

  22. He went to the bookstore and ______ two books for his daughter as a birthday present.

  A. took up B. picked off

  C. picked up D. picked out

  23. It is not easy to ______ oneself of a bad habit.

  A. purify B. dismiss

  C. release D. rid

  24. The actors have to ______ before they appear in front of the strong lights on television.

  A. cover up B. paint up

  C. make up D. do up

  25. The good service at the hotel ______ the poor food to some extent.

  A. made up for B. made up

  C. made for D. made out

  26. He [ruled] his country for almost ten years ______. A. existed B. governed

  C. made D. loved

  27. In the past twenty years, Beijing has changed [considerably]。

  A. reportedly B. greatly

  C. little D. theoretically

  28. He is so [absent-minded] that he often forgets where he has left things.

  A. habitually forgetful B. stupid

  C. childish D. mad

  29. The score is 2∶1 [in our favour],we are winning.

  A. to our advantage B. in our mind

  C. to our liking D. unfairyly

  30. He always [declares his opinion] about everything.

  A. speaks out B. speaks at

  C. speaks to D. speaks for

  Ⅱ。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(每小题1分,共10分)

  Passage 1

  Since the earliest times, trees have always been very useful and important to man who made use of them in many ways. Even today trees continue to serve man in so many ways.

  Trees provide man with fruits and building materials in the form of wood. Without trees it would be impossible to build houses, boats and even bridges. Furniture such as tables, chairs and beds is made of wood.

  In the tropics where it is very hot throughout the year, trees protect man from the terrible heat. They are also useful in preventing good and rich top soil from being washed away during heavy rains which are so common in the tropics.

  If there were no trees or vegetation of some kind to hold back the soil with their roots, heavy rain would wash away the rich surface soil that is so important and necessary to agriculture. The result is that the land becomes a desert.

  There are so many desert areas in the world. A long time ago these desert areas must have been very rich fertile areas, but since our ancestors in the distant past did not have enough knowledge about science of nature, they cut down all the trees in the areas where they lived and never planted new ones. By and by, the rich surface soil was blown away and washed away by strong winds and heavy rains. In the end the land was turned into useless deserts where nothing could grow.

  31. According to the passage,______.

  A. ancient man did not know how to make use of trees

  B. trees are not as useful now as they were in the pas

  C. trees are more useful in the past than they are now

  D. men have always found trees very useful

  32. According to the passage, some desert areas were once ______.

  A. fertile lands B. covered by icebergs

  C. very cold D. very dry and useless lands

  33. If there were no trees,______.

  A. the land would become more fertile

  B. heavy rains would clean the tropics

  C. the rich top soil couldn‘t be held back

  D. the balance of nature is unimportant to man

  34. From this passage, we know that ______.

  A. man can do nothing to keep the balance of nature

  B. man may take no notice of the balance of nature

  C. man must do his best to keep the balance of nature

  D. the balance of nature is unimportant to man

  35. The best title of this passage is ______.

  A. The Uses and Importance of Trees B. The Importance of Top Soil

  C. How Are Rich Lands Turned into Deserts D. Keep the Balance of Nature

  Passage 2

  Among the most popular books being written today are those which are usually classified as science fiction. Hundreds of titles are published every year and are read by all kinds of people. Furthermore, some of the most successful films in recent years have been based on science fiction stories.

  It is often thought that science fiction is a fairly new development in literature, but it can be found in books written hundreds of years ago. These books were often concerned with the presentation of some form of ideal society, a theme which is still often found in modern stories.

  Most of the classics of science fiction, however, have been written within the last one hundred years. Books by writers such as Jules Verne and H.Wells, to mention just two well-known authors, have been translated into many languages. Modern science fiction writers don‘t write about men from Mars or space adventure stories.They are more interested in predicting the results of technical developments on society and the human mind or in imagining future world which results the world we live in now. Because of this their writing has obvious political undertones.

  In an age where science fact frequently overtakes science fiction, the writers may find it difficult to keep ahead of scientific advances. Those who see the future clearly can teach us how to master new technology and live in a rapidly changing world.

  36. Every year ______.

  A. many science fiction books are published

  B. many science fiction books are written

  C. a hundred science fiction books are published

  D. many books are classified as science fiction

  37. You can find science fiction ______.

  A. only in modern literature

  B. only in books written for children

  C. in books written today and hundreds of years ago

  D. as a new development in literature

  38. Most of the classics of science fiction have been written within ______.

  A. the last few hundred years B. the last one hundred years

  C. the last two hundred years D. the last three hundred years

  39. Modern science fiction writers are interested in ______.

  A. writing about men from Mars

  B. writing about everything but politics

  C. imagining future world with the results of technical developments

  D. writing space adventure stories

  40. Science fiction writers may provide a valuable lesson on how to deal with the problems of ______.

  A. conflict used by different political theories

  B. adopting new technology and adapting quickly to its effect on society

  C. conflict caused by different religious beliefs

  D. space adventure

  Ⅲ。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(每小题0.5分,共10分)

  41. achieve 42. cork 43. comfort 44. Jewish

  45. corps 46. private 47. stagger 48. violin

  49. worthless 50. quality 51. basis 52. genius

  53. awkward 54. context 55. laughter 56. occupy

  57. banquet 58. calmly 59. outwardly 60. problem

  Ⅳ。完形填空(每小题0.5分,共10分)

  A. 从下列单词中选择恰当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  something anything until return reply wrapped greatest

  but which what crowd much

  I soon realized that I had entered an unusual kind of shop. There were no goods on display; there was no shop window: nothing 61 numbers of empty shelves at one end of the room in front of 62 a man was standing on a raised platform, and shouting loudly that the 63 sale of the year was about to begin, I decided to stay and see 64 would happen. An assistant began to pile the shelves with small beautiful packets 65 in bright red paper. When he was quite satisfied that a sufficiently large 66 of people had collected, he began distributing the packets, asking for threepence in 67 and declaring the value of the contents was fifty of sixty times as 68 .I paid threepence for my packet and was informed not to open it 69 after the sale. I decided I had better go before being tempted into buying 70 I did not want. I went down the street and opened my prize packet, only to find that I had been rewarded with a cheap bottle of scent!

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  It is widely believed that every word has a correct meaning, that we learn these meanings mainly 71 teachers and grammars and that dictionaries and grammar books 72 the highest authority 73 matters of meaning and usage. Few people ask 74 what authority the writers of dictionaries and grammars say 75 they say. I once got 76 an argument with an English woman 77 the pronunciation of a word and offered to look it up in the dictionary. The English woman said firmly,“What for  I am English. I was born and brought

  78 in England. The way I speak is English.“Such confidence about one‘s own language is not uncommon among the English. In the United States, however, anyone who is willing to quarrel

  79 the dictionary is regarded 80 out of his mind.

  Ⅴ。根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(每小题2分,共20分)

  81. The three things the author says about time in the first three paragraphs of The Time Message are ______.

  82. Andersen laughs at the people who ______ in the Emperor‘s New Clothes.

  83. After the old man died, the Marine told the nurse that the old man .

  84. The old man didn‘t know the Marine wasn’t his son because the medicine made the old man‘s eyes weak and he could only dimly see ______.

  85. Bill didn‘t stop or look back when the other man called him because Bill ______.

  86. And yet, she had loved him-sometimes. Often she had not. What did love mean now  Now she understood ______.(From The Story of an Hour)

  87. In “The Great idea of Mr.Budd”,Mr.Budd was afraid when the newspaper printed the story of his Great Idea because ______.

  88. According to the writer of “The Emotional Bank Account”,the “deposits” in the Emotional Bank Account are ______.

  89. In “Another School Year—What For ”,the author thinks the basic difference between a technical training school and a university is that ______.

  90. In “Freedom in Dying”,Jim is suffering from ______.

  Ⅵ。将下列句子译成英语。(每小题2分,共20分)

  91. 你的计划是以什么为依据的

  92. 他常常为儿子的教育问题和妻子吵架。

  93. 对这些工人应该按其劳动的多少来付报酬。

  94. 他挣扎着站起身,一句话也没说就走了。

  95. 我从窗户向外看去,看见了一列急驰而过的火车。

  96. 第三世界的许多孩子都被剥夺了受教育的权利。

  97. 就人口而言,四川是我国最大的省。

  98. 我们很小心,没有提及她母亲去世的事。

  99. 他迫不及待地打电话告诉他父母那个好消息。

  100. 他连电视都买不起,更别说电脑了。

 

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