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2005-06-11 00:00   【 】【我要纠错



  Part Ⅰ: Vocabulary (20% )

  Directions A: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line across the center.

  1. ________ the opportunity he might well have become an outstanding cartoonist.

  A. Giving B. Give

  C. Given D. To give

  2. I suppose some people create an idea of who they want to be and, then they ________ it ________.

  A. work … over B. bear … out

  C. live … out D. get … over

  3. Some people view life as a(n) ________ conflict between the forces of good and evil.

  A. external B. eternal

  C. central D. internal

  4. I can‘t imagine how this place ________ a five-star hotel! The service is dreadful.

  A. passed off B. passed over

  C. passed on D. passed for

  5. Lack of confidence in his own abilities is the chief ________ in Mike‘s character.

  A. power B. defect

  C. defeat D. device

  6. By ________ the styles of Van Gogh and Dufy, the woman painter has produced some highly original works.

  A. duplicating B. assimilating

  C. transferring D. molding

  7. We need ________ improvement in public transport.

  A. trivial B. generous

  C. substantial D. resultant

  8. The critic‘s ________ of the book is that it is beautifully written.

  A. recommendation B. assessment

  C. admiration D. comprehension.

  9. We are going to use these research ________ to support our argument.

  A. suggestion B. decision

  C. columns D. data

  10. As he came to this point, his voice ________ a note of uncertainty.

  A. resulted in B. added to

  C. took on D. reduced to

  11. Such a style never really ________ in America.

  A. caught up B. caught on

  C. held on D. held in

  12. I would question the ________ of his statement about the new project.

  A. level B. variety

  C. truth D. validity

  13. One of the striking facts of nature is the ability of living things to ________ themselves to practically any environment on earth.

  A. adhere B. adapt

  C. adopt D. admit

  14. He ________ the jury to believe that he was innocent, and he was finally found innocent.

  A. tried on B. held on

  C. prevailed upon D. relied on

  15. Ben went back to the library the next day. But the book was no longer there. He thought it might be ________ by the librarian because the book was too valuable.

  A. adopted B. obtained

  C. set aside D. tucked away

  16. Examinations are not the only means of ________ a student‘s ability.

  A. assuming B. assessing

  C. asserting D. assigning

  17. Miss Robin tried to ________ all errors from the typescript by going through it very carefully.

  A. object B. duplicate

  C. approve D. eliminate

  18. Strangely, Bill keeps his office neat as pin, while his home is always in a state of ________.

  A. chaos B. clarity

  C. charity D. chorus

  19. This ________ porcelain vase was made with superb workmanship.

  A. requisite B. prerequisite

  C. exquisite D. appropriate

  20. After such a confrontation between the two parties, any reconciliation would be ________.

  A. out of question B. within question

  C. without question D. out of the question

  Directions B: There are 20 sentences in this section. In each sentence there is a word or phrase underlined. Below each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one answer that can replace the underlined part of each sentence without changing its original meaning. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line across the center.

  21. In the light of the changed circumstances, he urged that the meeting be postponed to the next day.

  A. According to B. Concerning

  C. In spite of D. In place of

  22. You‘d better hold your tongue. It’s none of your business.

  A. keep silent B. withdraw

  C. keep promise D. surrender

  23. They were lost at sea, at the mercy of wind and weather.

  A. submissive B. willing to forgive

  C. powerless against D. not to punish

  24. I walked into Prof. Wilson‘s office and found him immersed in his writing, as usual.

  A. puzzled by B. busy with

  C. overwhelmed by D. absorbed in

  25. It was a matter of course for Charles to dress up carefully when he was having a date with Amy.

  A. polite B. natural

  C. urgent D. important

  26. The whole discussion comes down to the question of whether the government‘s price policy is wise.

  A. spreads itself to B. declines to

  C. is reduced to D. is faced by

  27. It was the custom of the time that, after the father died , the eldest son fell heir to the title and wealth of the family.

  A. inherited B. gave up

  C. fell victim to D. acknowledged to

  28. As it is, the state-owned enterprises are crying out for qualified management personnel.

  A. are missing B. are grieving for

  C. sympathize with D. badly need

  29. If you go on like that, you‘ll never come to anything.

  A. get to your destination B. be successful in life

  C. learn to walk properly D. be able to see anything

  30. You‘ll never get through medical school with spelling like that.

  A. go all out for B. take too much from

  C. grade highly in D. graduate from

  31. What with continuous rain and a bad hotel, we didn‘t enjoy our holiday much.

  A. Because of B. For the sake of

  C. In spite of D. Regardless of

  32. Man is fated to suffer many disappointments in his quest for truth.

  A. desire B. journey

  C. adventure D. search

  33. If she hadn‘t slipped up on the last question, her score on the test would have been perfect.

  A. made a mistake B. made a mess

  C. withdrawn D. hesitated

  34. And he goes even further, criticizing science on the grounds that truly endeavors such as poetry have a power that scientists can‘t recognize.

  A. in order that B. for the reason that

  C. for fear that D. because

  35. How do you account for the difference between them

  A. explain B. deal with

  C. distinguish D. settle for

  36. The two partners will never reach an agreement if one does not modify its demands.

  A. overlook B. identify

  C. negotiate D. change

  37. We‘ll show you a film of the highlight of the competition, as there isn’t time for the whole thing.

  A. highest parts B. brightest parts

  C. lightest parts D. most important parts

  38. He stressed that the disadvantages of the change would outweigh its advantages.

  A. overtake B. be greater than

  C. overcome D. be no equal to

  39. That afternoon I addressed myself to forging a note.

  A. enjoyed myself in B. busied myself in

  C. indulged myself in D. interested myself in

  40. Dr. King protested that the black people were still stripped of their right of citizenship one hundred years after the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation.

  A. accused of B. made up of

  C. in favor of D. deprived of

  Part Ⅱ: Cloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blanks there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

  The geographical location of a country and its physical (41)________ are very important to its development and (42)________ . The United States is very (43) ________in this (44) ________.

  (45)________ , it has good (46) ________. In almost every (47) ________of the country it is possible to live (48)________ during the whole year. It is true that in the south sometimes gets very hot and in the north very cold. But the people who live in these regions become (49)________ of the climate and never (50)________ much when the weather is either very hot or very cold.

  In a large country there is usually a great (51)________ of different physical characteristics. In the United States, there are wide plains and high mountains, thousands of lakes and rivers of all (52) ________, cool forest and hot deserts, and a coastline several thousand miles long.

  The many lakes and rivers, (53)________ the long coastline, have been (54)________ great importance To the development of the country, since they made possible the easy (55)________ of the people and all the things people (56)________ . Ships and boats are still necessary and important. In modern (57)________ ,(58)________ , trains, automobiles, trucks and airplanes are doing much of the (59)________ which was (60)________ done by ships and boats.

  41. A. location B. character C. characteristics D. differences

  42. A. advance B. progress C. marching D. prospect

  43. A. fortunate B. luck C. happy D. favorable

  44. A. area B. region C. meaning D. respect

  45. A. Above all B. First of all C. After all D. In a word

  46. A. climate B. atmosphere C. weather D. air

  47. A. parts B. section C. expanse D. sector

  48. A. leisurely B. idly C. comfortably D. pleasantly

  49. A. accustomed B. co-operative C. prepared D. adjustable

  50. A. damage B. suffer C. fear D. frightened

  51. A. variety B. amount C. many D. deal

  52. A. areas B. sizes C. bigness D. volumes

  53. A. in addition to B. besides C. except for D. as well as

  54. A. of B. to C. in D. as

  55. A. communication B. extension C. transportation D. connections

  56. A. long for B. need C. eat D. have

  57. A. epoch B. age C. times D. era

  58. A. however B. whereas C. otherwise D. moreover

  59. A. job B. work C. occupation D. profession

  60. A. formerly B. lately C. recently D. formally

  Part Ⅲ: Reading Comprehension (40%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Read each passage carefully and decide on the best answer. Then write the corresponding answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  Between the two world wars, serious novelists and playwrights (剧作家) were read and appreciated mainly by people from middle and upper-class backgrounds, for these people had money and this gave them opportunities for education and leisure which were beyond the reach of the poorer classes. For the same reason, the writers tended to come from the same kind of background, although there are many exceptions. The novelist, D. H. Lawrence, for example, was the son of a miner. But Lawrence‘s books were bought and read by middle-class readers, and the language which he used was literary, rather than popular.

  Lawrence, like other writer of the 1920s and 1930s-Aldous Huxl, G. Wells, and the older men, George Bernard Shaw and John Galsworthy-was presenting his public with his own view of life. He was hoping to persuade his readers to think like himself. Many of the serious writers of the period were concerned with social and political problems. Their plays and novels were full of arguments in favor of social reforms. They made amusing and often bitter comments on the injustices and absurdities (荒唐 ) of life- especially middle-class life. Some novelists gave horrible warnings about the kind of future that mankind might have to face. Huxley‘s amusing Brave New World and Orwell’s frightening Nineteen Eighty-four (written in the 1940s) are still taken very seriously by many young people today.

  Other writers, like Virginia Woolf and the Irishman, James Joyce, were more interested in thoughts and feelings than in social life, and they expressed their thoughts in language which was sometimes extremely difficult to understand. At the same time there were plenty of novelists and playwrights whose only aim was to excite, to amuse and to move to tears! Not surprisingly, people tended to divide writers into two kinds-serious, or intellectual, and light, or non-intellectual.

  61. Most of the rich people used to appreciate ________.

  A. realistic literature B. romantic literature

  C. funny circus D. savage fighting

  62. Between the two world wars, the writers were mainly from ________.

  A. lower class B. middle and upper class

  C. upper class alone D. work force

  63. Which of the following is NOT true

  A. The language in Lawrence‘s books was not appropriate for middle-class readers.

  B. In his books, Bernard Shaw revealed his own view of life.

  C. Serious writers advocated social reforms.

  D. Nowadays many young people still appreciate some of the novels between 1920s and 1940s.

  64. The passage suggests that ________.

  A. people‘s life in 1930s was absurd.

  B. some writers were so concerned with social life that they wrote in a strange way

  C. Huxley‘s only aim was to move the readers to tears

  D. some writers lost heart when they thought of the future of man

  65. This passage is likely abridged from a ________.

  A. history book B. linguistic book

  C. literature book D. political book

  Passage Two

  Since 1066 the blood of many other races has been added to the original English mixture. Not only have Welsh, Scots and Irishmen mad their homes in England, but also Jews, Russians, Germans-people from almost every country in Europe-as well as many West Indians, Indians, and others from the Commonwealth (英联邦)。

  As the English are such a mixed people, local customs and accents in England vary a great deal and local pride is still strong in some parts of the country. Both Leonard Townsend and Herbert Perkins always think of themselves as Northerners, although they have moved to the south. Leonard is as proud of being a Yorkshire man as Iran Macdonald is of being a Scot (苏格兰人)。

  The closer one gets to London, the less one notices such differences, for London is a melting-pot. People from all over Britain and from all over the world pour into the giant city. London tends to ‘melt down’ and smooth out strong accents and local customs. Every year the influence of London spreads further and further into the country, north, south, east and west, but particularly into the south and south-east. In an effort to stop London from spreading any more, new overspill towns are being built forty to fifty miles outside London. London firms are encouraged to move to a new town, or at least to open new branches there instead of in another art of London. This policy is now beginning to have results. Until recently the greater London region had a population of twelve million, but this figure is starting to drop.

  66. Which of the following is NOT the meaning of the sentence “Since 1066 the blood…” in Para.1

  A. People from other countries have settled down in England.

  B. Many foreigners have died and been buried in England.

  C. Foreign people have immigrated into England

  D. People from other countries have become Englishmen.

  67. The underlined word “overspill” means ________.

  A. something spreading into surrounding areas

  B. excessive pills

  C. fall over

  D. thin strip of wood

  68. Which of the following statements is NOT true

  A. The farther one gets from London, the more local customs he finds.

  B. Leonard Townsend and Herbert Perkins are two men taken as examples.

  C. London is developing fast.

  D. People with strong accents are driven out of London.

  69. Which is paragraph three mainly about

  A. The population of London. B. London as a melting-pot.

  C. The rapid development of London. D. The policy of London government.

  70. The author writes in a(n) ________ way.

  A. matter-of-fact B. uncertain

  C. boasting D. negative

  Passage Three

  We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed ability teaching. On the country, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming pupils. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade.

  Besides, it‘s rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only an aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. (81) We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.

  In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunities to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher.

  Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.

  71. In the passage the author‘s attitude towards “mixed-ability teaching” is ________.

  A. critical B. questioning

  C. approving D. objective

  72. The underlined word “streaming” in para. 1 probably means ________.

  A. flowing freely

  B. waving in the wind

  C. teaching pupils to swim in the stream

  D. placing the pupils in groups according to ability and intelligence

  73. The author argues that a teacher‘s chief concern should be the development of the students’ ________.

  A. academic ability

  B. total personality

  C. learning ability and communicative skills

  D. intellectual ability

  74. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the paragraph

  A. Pupils learn to work together with others.

  B. Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning ability.

  C. Pupils learn to be capable organizers.

  D. Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activities.

  75. What is the main idea of paragraph four

  A. The way of teaching in mixed-ability class.

  B. Children have freedom in study.

  C. Pupils are encouraged to do their best.

  D. The advantages of group work.

  Passage Four

  The first practical measure of intelligence, and in its modern form still widely used, was developed by the French psychologist Alfred Binet. His study of children‘s mental abilities began when he noticed that his two daughters walked differently and wondered whether they might also think differently. He and his co-worker set about devising a way to test their intellectual performance. Binet’s method was based on the simple observation that the intellectual performance of a child increases with age. By testing children of various ages, he could discover the intellectual milestones that marked each age.

  In 1905, at the request of the Paris school authorities who wanted a means of identifying children who were slow learners, Binet prepared the forerunner (雏形 )of the modern intelligence test. Binet‘s test consists of 30 questions corresponding in difficulty to the varying abilities of children between the ages of 3 and 13. The questions ranged from simple tasks, such as asking children to identify their eyes, nose, and mouth, to more complex activities, such as constructing a sentence around certain words. The questions are arranged so that a three-year-old child would be expected to answer progressively more difficult ones.

  Binet was able to establish standards of performance by first giving the test to a sample composed of children of varying ages. He then carefully recorded their scores and specified norms-the distribution of scores obtained by children at different ages. Thus a child‘s intelligence was operationalizd (转化为) as the number of items he or she was able to answer correctly. The level achieved indicated the child’s mental age (MA)。 (82) For example, if a child successfully completed all those items typically answered by the average five-year-old and none above that level, the child‘s MA was said to be five years.

  76. Binet‘s idea of intelligence measurement was based on his discovery that________.

  A. his daughters walked and thought differently

  B. some children were slow learners

  C. children‘s intelligence increased with age

  D. intellectual milestones marked each age

  77. Questions in Binet‘s intelligence test in 1905 were ________.

  A. designed for children of all sort of ages

  B. selected freely

  C. mostly writing tasks

  D. graded in difficulty level

  78. The 1905 intelligence test ________.

  A. was used on children only

  B. is still used widely today

  C. focused on language development

  D. Both A and B

  79. A child‘s MA was established by ________.

  A. finding out the number of correct answers

  B. comparing the correct answers with the norms

  C. comparing it with his real age

  D. finding out the ratio of correct answers to the total items

  80. The underlined word “norms” probably means ________.

  A. amount of work B. form

  C. example D. standard

  Part Ⅳ: Translation (15%)

  Directions A: Translate the two underlined sentences in Passage Three and Passage Four into Chinese.

  81. (Passage Three)

  82. (Passage Four)

  Directions B: Translate the following into English.

  83. 最近在中东发生的危机表明照抄西方的制度对该地区的金融稳定构成潜在的威胁。

  84. 她为招待会所挑选的食物、音乐和装饰品全都显示出她高雅的情趣。

  85. 总之,这些实验室设备太贵,而且也过时了。

  PartⅤ: Writing (15%)

  Directions: Write an invitation letter to invite someone to give a speech.



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