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2004年10月全国高等教育自学考试高级英语试题

2005-06-11 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  00600

  全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不计分。

  PART ONE(62 POINTS)

  I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points, 0.5 point each)

  ● We parked the car, Elgie came over and 1 himself in the back seat of the car. A police car moved slowly to the corner where we were 2 and the patrolmen looked at the three of us 3 and we pretended not to 4 . The patrol car 5 down the empty street and I turned 6 toward Elgie.

  ● She 7 to me because she was like people I had never met 8 . Like women in English novels who walked the moors with their 9 dogs racing at a 10 distance. Like the women who sat in front of roaring 11 , drinking tea 12 from silver trays.

  ● Actually, I enjoy my work when the 13 are large and 14 and somewhat frightening and will 15 the attention of many people. I get scared, and am unable to 16 at night, but I usually 17 at my best under this stimulating kind of 18 and enjoy my job the most.

  ● And Americans ought to note that, 19 things may seem to be 20 apart, arts and the humane scholarship are 21 here. I‘m not suggesting that writers and artists have the task of finding a 22 to the American 23 , but they can at least clarify its 24 and show how it relates to the human condition in general.

  Ⅱ。 There are 15 sentences from the textbooks, with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (15 points, 1 point each)

  25.The senior partner studied the resume for the hundredth time and again found nothing he

  disliked about Mitchell Y.Mcdeere, at least not ______.

  26.For this and other reasons I was somewhat lonely, and I soon developed disagreeable

  mannerisms which made me ______ throughout my schooldays.

  27.On three pieces he made a cross in pencil, and then ______ each piece.

  28.But the press isn‘t the only party in this country that’s guilty of this ______ insensitivity.

  29.Most of the idle rich suffer unspeakable boredom as the price of their freedom from ______.

  30.The modern ______ of beauty is not exclusively a function (in the mathematical sense) of

  wealth.

  31.The Beatles showed there was a ______ of emotions between love and hate.

  32.Our generation views the adult world with great ______ … there is also an increased tendency

  to reject completely that world.

  33.She just nodded her head, not getting a bit ______, but rocking back and forth.

  34.I have met several adolescent consumption-snobs, who thought that it would be romantic to

  ______ in the flower of youth.

  35.For that matter she would drive herself and keep the whole event within her ______.

  36.Undoubtedly the desire for food has been, and still is, one of the main ______ of great political

  events.

  37.Companies that pursue this are not primarily product or service innovators, ______ cultivate

  deep, one-to-one relationships with customers.

  38.Such as it is, the ______ is regarded as no place to make a career for those who have a future.

  39.I agree that our food is nutritious and that the ______ of most of us is well-balanced.

  Ⅲ。 Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. (15 points, 1 point each)

  40.As a businessman, he would often stay away from the city for three or four weeks at a (an) (A.

  extent, B. stretch)。

  41.He can only have (A. caught up, B. picked up) such excellent English by living in the English-speaking

  country for some years.

  42.To be a writer, you need among other things a (an) (A. vivid, B. acute) imagination.

  43.Although there were several witnesses who had seen him at the spot, he still (A. declined, B. denied) it.

  44.It is most (A. regretful, B. regrettable) that Mr. Smith has decided to resign.

  45.During this season, the weather often (A. alters, B. alternates) between heavy rains and bursts

  of sunshine.

  46.A newspaper (A. supplement, B. complement) will sometimes be distributed free with the

  newspaper.

  47.My father was (A. sensitive, B. allergic) to this kind of medicine, so we decided to try another

  kind.

  48.The painter was (A. inspired, B. initiated) to paint by the grandeur of the sunrise.

  49.The theater in this small town has a seating (A. capability, B. capacity) of 1000.

  50.We could all see clearly that this newcomer had (A. fake, B. false) teeth.

  51.Before going to the party, she had to iron out the (A. creases, B. creaks) in her dress.

  52.The patient (A. replied, B. responded) quickly to the medicine and was well in a few days.

  53.Although my father has (A. detective, B. defective) hearing, he still refuses to wear a hearing

  aid.

  54.During their teaching practice, the students had to visit some local schools for the (A. observation,

  B. operation) of lessons in progress.

  Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding four items:

  Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅵ and Ⅶ。

  Success

  1) A young man of humble origins came to New York from the Midwest to seek his fortune. He dreamed, in the American way, of becoming a millionaire. He tried his luck on Wall Street. He was diligent and shrewd and, when he had to be, devious. He put together the deal and he did some things with an electronics acquisition that wouldn‘t bear explaining. He succeeded even beyond his dream: he made twelve million dollars.

  2) At first the young man assumed that everything was working out splendidly. “Isn‘t it grand ” he said to his wife, once it was apparent that he had made twelve million dollars. His wife told him that it wasn’t grand, and he was a nobody.

  3) “But that‘s impossible,” the young man said. “I’m a rich person. We live in an era that celebrates rich people. Rich people are shown in the newspapers in the company of movie stars and famous

  novelists and distinguished dress designers. The names of the richest corporate raiders are known to every schoolboy. There are rich real estate sharks whose faces appear on the covers of glossy magazines.“ But his wife said that his face would not, because he was a nobody. When he stressed the fact that he had twelve million dollars, his wife retorted that a lot of people did, but they were still nobodies.

  4) “I could buy our way onto the committees of important charity balls,” the young man said, “then we‘d be mentioned in the columns.” “Don’t kid yourself,” his wife said. “The important committees are already filled up with people who are really rich. People like us would end up working on something like a dinner-dance to benefit the American Psoriasis (牛皮癣) Foundation.” The young man mentioned that he owned a co-op apartment on Fifth Avenue that was worth two million dollars. His wife argued that, to a certain extent, two million-dollar co-ops were a dime a dozen. Then the young man boasted of owning a stretch limousine and said it was twenty-one and a half feet long. His wife brushed the idea aside, saying that nobody famous had ever ridden in something like that ,and neither Henry Kissinger nor Calvin Klein had ever heard of him, so he was still a nobody.

  5) The young man was silent for a while. “Are you disappointed in me ” he finally said to his wife. “Of course I‘m disappointed in you,” she said. “When you asked me to marry you , you said you would surely amount to something. How was I to know that you’d turn out to be a nobody ”

  6) For a moment the young man looked defeated. Then he squared his shoulders and cleared his throat. “I‘ll make them pay attention, ” he said. “I’ll buy a professional football team and argue a lot with the coach in public. Celebrities will join me to watch big games from the owner‘s box.” The wife ridiculed him, saying that nobody could buy a professional football team for twelve million dollars, because professional football teams cost big bucks.

  7) “Then I‘ll buy a magazine and appoint myself chief columnist,” the young man said. “A tiny but exceedingly flattering picture of me will run next to my column every week. The owners of professional football teams will invite me to watch big games from the owner’s box.” The wife believed that he might be able to buy one of those weekly-shoppers throwaways for twelve million dollars, but not a real magazine. One couldn‘t buy a real magazine for chicken feed.

  8) The young man was very much hurt and asked his wife whether twelve million dollars were chicken feed. But his wife insisted, “it‘s not big bucks.”

  9) “But that‘s not fair,” the young man said. “I’m a young man of humble origins who made twelve million dollars. I succeeded even beyond my dream. ” “Some of those things you did with the electronics acquisition probably weren‘t fair either,” his wife said. “Fair isn’t being measured these days. What they measure is money.” Then the young man said, if that was the case, he would get more money by going back to Wall Street and making fifty million dollars.

  10) But before the young man could make fifty million dollars a man from the Securities and Exchange Commission came and arrested him for having committed insider-trading violations in the electronics acquisition.

  11) The young man was taken away from his office in handcuffs. A picture on the front page of the afternoon paper showed him leaving his arraignment trying to hide his face behind an $850 Italian overcoat. A long article in the morning paper used him as an example of a new breed of Wall Street traders who were the victims of their own greed, probably because of their humble origins. His friends and associates avoided him.

  12) Only his wife stuck by him. She tried to see the bright side. “For someone with only twelve million dollars,” she said to the young man, “you‘re getting to be pretty well known.”

  Ⅳ。 There are 10 statements, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. (10 points, 1 point each)

  55.He tried his luck on Wall Street.

  A. He became lucky in the financial world.

  B. He tried to get a job in Wall Street.

  C. He got a job in the financial world and tried to make a lot of money there.

  D. He went to Wall Street to see if he could get a job and to make a lot of money there.

  56…。with an electronics acquisition that wouldn‘t bear explaining.

  The underlined part means:

  A. that couldn‘t be explained as it was against the law

  B. that was against the law to explain to the public

  C. that he wouldn‘t explain to others

  D. that he found difficult to explain

  57.I could buy our way onto the committees of important charity balls…

  A. I could buy tickets to get to the places where committees work

  B. I could use money to become committee members

  C. I could buy tickets to get into important charity balls

  D. Committees of important charity balls could be bought

  58…。two million-dollar co-ops were a dime a dozen.

  A. two million-dollar co-ops were cheap

  B. you could buy a dozen two million-dollar co-ops

  C. it was easy to get two million-dollar co-ops

  D. there were a lot of two million-dollar co-ops

  59…。and appoint myself chief columnist…

  A. make myself chief of the magazine

  B. give myself the job of writing chief columns

  C. assign myself to the position of the magazine‘s main columnist

  D. order myself to do the job of writing a main column each week

  60.A tiny but exceedingly flattering picture of me…

  The underlined part means:

  A. a photo in which I look better than in real life

  B. a very good photo that I like very much

  C. a very clear photo

  D. a photo in which I look nice

  61…。one of those weekly-shoppers throwaways

  A. one of those weekly magazines of little value that shoppers buy, read and then throw away

  B. one of those magazines shoppers buy once a week, but they don‘t like it, so they throw it away

  C. one of those magazines shoppers who shop once a week would buy, after reading it, would throw it away

  D. one of those magazines that appear once a week for special shoppers to buy, read and throw away

  62.One couldn‘t buy a real magazine for chicken feed.

  A. One could buy enough feed for chickens with that money, but not a good magazine.

  B. If one bought chicken feed with that money, then one could not buy a real magazine with what was left.

  C. If one wanted to raise chickens, one couldn‘t buy a real magazine.

  D. One couldn‘t buy a good magazine for so little money.

  63.Fair isn‘t being measured these days. What they measure is money.

  A. Now people don‘t want to be fair to others, they only want to be rich themselves.

  B. Now people don‘t judge others by how fair they are, but by how much money they have.

  C. Now people don‘t treat others fairly, they only want money from others.

  D. Now people are not fair, but they are rich.

  64…。who were the victims of their own greed…

  A. the more things they wanted, the more they suffered

  B. they suffered because they were never satisfied

  C. they came to a bad end as the result of their greed

  D. they only had themselves to blame as they were greedy

  Ⅴ。 There is one underlined part in each of the following sentences, followed by four choices A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is the closest in meaning to the underlined part. (10 points, 2 points each)

  65.He was diligent and shrewd and, when he had to be, devious.

  A. secret B. determined

  C. deceitful D. devoted

  66.There are rich real estate sharks whose faces appear on the covers of glossy magazines.

  A. big shots in dealing with housing properties

  B. people who are really rich

  C. people who own a lot of housing properties

  D. managers of real big enterprises

  67.People like us would end up working on something like a dinner-dance…

  A. finally find ourselves B. finally stop

  C. be doing everything but D. realize our dreams by

  68…。 for having committed insider-trading violations in the electronics acquisition.

  A. illegally making money by doing business

  B. illegally doing business with insiders to make money

  C. illegally making money by exchanging information

  D. illegally using information from one‘s job to make money

  69.Only his wife stuck by him.

  A. was still in love with him

  B. stayed with and supported him

  C. didn‘t leave him though it was against her wish

  D. sometimes went to visit him

  PART TWO (38 POINTS)

  Ⅵ。 Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write your translation on your answer sheet. (10 points, 2 points each)

  70.A young man of humble origins came to New York from the Midwest to seek his fortune.

  71.We live in an era that celebrates rich people.

  72.Rich people are shown in the newspapers in the company of movie stars and famous novelists and distinguished dress designers.

  73.When you asked me to marry you, you said you would surely amount to something. How was I to know that you‘d turn out to be a nobody

  74.For a moment the young man looked defeated. Then he squared his shoulders and cleared his throat.

  Ⅶ。 Answer the following essay question in English within 80 – 100 words. Write your answer on you answer sheet. (10 points)

  What brought about the downfall of the young man  Prove yours points.

  Ⅷ。 Translate the following into English and write your translation on your answer sheet. (18 points, 2points each from 75 to 79, 8 points for 80)

  75.毫无疑问,幽默是帮助我们摆脱矛盾的良药,因为要是没有它,我们就会死于烦恼。

  76.一生中所形成的品格与积累的经验可享用终身。

  77.我生活中的每一天都必将遇到麻烦,因为麻烦总会有,以后还会有。

  78.这个孩子脸上没有任何表情,用冷漠的目光死死地盯着我,象要把我吃掉似的。

  79.报纸有权利,甚至有责任持有某种态度,采取某一立场。

  80.我们与众不同,并且以此为荣。我们有四十一位律师,因此和其他公司相比我们很小。我们不雇佣过多的人,每两年招聘一个。我们提供全国最高的薪水和最好的福利,我没有夸大其词。

 

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