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2002年10月全国高等教育自学考试综合英语(二)试题

2005-06-10 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  课程代码:00795

  Ⅰ。 语法、词汇。用适当的词填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将正确选项的字母写在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共25小题,每小题1分,共25分)

  Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (25 points)

  1. The platform would collapse if all of you _______on it.

  A. stand B. stood C. would stand D. had stood

  2. The old lady who saw the bus _______into the river phoned the police instantly.

  A. plunged B. to plunge C. was plunging D. plunge

  3. Mary had to wait outside her house for her husband‘s return because she _______her key in the office.

  A. has left B. leaves C. had left D. left

  4. I suggest that each of you_______ a plan for the overall revision.

  A. make B. makes C. would make D. made

  5. It was _______ work of art that everyone was eager to have a look at it at the exhibition.

  A. such a rare B. a such rare C. a so rare D. so a rare

  6. You may come with us to Florida for the winter _______ you don‘t mind the cost.

  A. unless B. on condition C. except D. if

  7. The boat drifted along on the sea for a good hour _______ it was safely anchored at the dock.

  A. before B. when C. after D. while

  8. I find _______ that with the development of science and technology the price of such gadgets as computers and mobile phones continues to drop.

  A. be reasonable B. it to be reasonable

  C. reasonable D. it reasonable

  9. There is something wrong with my watch. It_______.

  A. need repairing B. needs repairing

  C. need to be repaired D. needs to repair

  10. English is more extensively used now than any other language_______.

  A. ever was B. had ever been

  C. ever is D. has ever been

  11.Some companies have introduced flexible working hours with less emphasis on pressure_______.

  A. than more on efficiency B. than on efficiency

  C. and more than efficiency D. and more efficiency

  12. Some people find that after their dieting is over they eat twice_______ they did before they went on a diet.

  A. as much as B. much than

  C. as many as D. more than

  13. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to her other children ,_______naturally made them jealous.

  A. what B. who

  C. that D. which

  14. Books require hard work and practice and, like sports, they can be both a _______ and a delight.

  A. encouragement B. dare

  C. challenge D. prodding

  15. The weather is something that no one can control. It _______everyone in every part of the world.

  A. effects B. affects

  C. influences D. impacts

  16. The law _______ a citizen‘s obligations and rights.

  A. decides B. designs

  C. defines D. determines

  17. The bus driver warned passengers to _______ pickpockets.

  A. fight with B. guard against

  C. break down D. keep an eye on

  18. Poverty _______ children living in slums of the joys of childhood.

  A. deprives B. denies

  C. disposes D. dismisses

  19. After the little boy recited a poem, his mother _______ him with a kiss.

  A. blessed B. rewarded

  C. awarded D. satisfied

  20. The girl did some housekeeping for Mrs. Johnson _______ her room and board.

  A. for want of B. for the sake of

  C. in exchange for D. in change for

  21. _______ on the sand, I watched the clouds and listened to the singing of the birds.

  A. Lying B. Laying

  C. Lie D. Lay

  22. The professor uses_______ words and expressions in his lectures.

  A. every day B. every day‘s

  C. everyday D. everday‘s

  23. A brother _______ not be a friend, but a friend will always treat you like a brother.

  A. must B. should C. may D. would

  24. We do not need many researchers today;_______ we need are searchers.

  A. that B. what C. how D. which

  25. At nightfall we stopped at a village, which _______ a small store and a few houses scattered here and there.

  A. made up of B. filled with

  C. formed by D. consisted of

  Ⅱ。 完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并将正确选项的字母写在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points)

  In 1963 the leader of the Labor Party made a speech explaining plans for a “university on the air”-an educational system which would 26 television, radio and correspondence courses (函授课程)。 Many people laughed at the 27 , but it became part of the Labor Party‘s program to provide educational opportunity for those people who , for 28 reason or another, had not had a chance to receive 29 education…… By 1969 the plans were well advanced and by August 1970 the Open University, 30 it was now called, had received 400,000 applicants. Only 25,000 could be 31 for the four foundation“ courses 32 :social sciences, arts, science, and mathematics. Unsuccessful candidates were encouraged to 33 again the following year, when a foundation 34 in technology would also be offered.

  The first teaching programs appeared 35 the air and screen in January 1971, with clerks, farm workers, housewives and many others as students. 36 units had been carefully prepaired 37 science students were given apparatus for a “mini” home laboratory. Study centers have been 38 all over the country so that the students can 39 once a week, and once a year they 40 a week at one of the university‘s summer schools.

  26. A. make the use of B. make use of C. make a use of D. make uses of

  27. A. idea B. meaning C. interest D. feeling

  28. A. a B. no C. any D. one

  29. A. farther B. farthest C. further D. furthest

  30. A. like B. so C. as D. therefore

  31. A. accepted B. affected C. effected D. excepted

  32. A. employing B. employed C. offering D. offered

  33. A. apply B. apply for C. supply with D. supply to

  34. A. lesson B. text C. class D. course

  35. A. in B. on C. to D. with

  36. A. Correspond B. Corresponded C. Correspondence D. Correspondent

  37. A. but B. and C. then D. yet

  38. A. set about B. set off C. set in D. set up

  39. A. attend to B. attend C. intend to D. intend

  40. A. have spent B. have been spending C. spend D. spent

  Ⅲ。 难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将正确选项的字母写在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts. (10 points)

  41. We are slaves to nothing but the clock.

  A. We enjoy complete freedom as long as we have time.

  B. Nothing can control us except a complicated timepiece.

  C. If the clock says that it is time to stop working or to go to bed we will always obey.

  D. Time is the only thing that decides what we do or don‘t do in the time available to us

  42. You no longer need to make mental conversions of the country‘s money.

  A. You no longer have to learn the value of different bank notes by heart as you can recognize them all.

  B. You no longer have to change the money you‘ve brought with you into that of the host country.

  C. When you change the money of your old home you no longer worry if you‘ll get cheated.

  D. You don‘t have to figure out how much something costs in terms of your home country’s money.

  43. I was going to gamble on their inspection ending there before they dug deeper to my diaries.

  A. I bet that they would to satisfied with what they had found and would not continue to search my suitcase.

  B. I hoped that their inspection would be put off and they would never find my diaries in the suitcases.

  C. I would depend on their being careless enough not to dig deep enough in the garden where my diaries were hidden.

  D. I would take a risk, hoping their search would stop before they discovered my diaries.

  44. Does it pay to make sacrifices for children?

  A. Is it worthwhile for a mother to make sacrifices for her children?

  B. Is it right for a mother to make sacrifices for her children?

  C. Can a mother ask her children to pay for her sacrifices?

  D. Should children pay their mother for her sacrifices?

  45. As a scientist, she learned with sadness that little in Nature is truly beyond the “tampering reach of man. ”

  A. Man is unable to change much of Nature the way he wants.

  B. Man can change much of the world around him, but not everything.

  C. There is nothing in Nature that man cannot interfere with and spoil.

  D. Nothing in Nature can really escape man‘s ill temper and destruction.

  46. The subsequent conversation threw no light on the matter [the lamp burning upside down without breaking], and everyone accused Fatheringy of a silly trick.

  A. After that people had a long conversation figuring out how to light the lamp again, but no one hit upon a solution.

  B. After that people talked about the matter, but no one was able to explain how such a thing could have occurred.

  C. Then they tried to find a way to light the lamp, but failed.

  D. Then they talked for some time and decided to keep the light.

  47. Kaz‘s father … had migrated to America in the early 1920s in the spirit of adventure, not of need or flight; he never intended to stay.

  A. He settled in America to live an adventurous life, neither to make more money nor to go in for sports.

  B. He settled in America because he thought life was more exciting there than here in Japan.

  C. He moved to America to experience a new way of life, not to escape hard life or persecution.

  D. He moved to America after the adventures he loved, not to seek his fortune, nor to run for his life.

  48. In other words, love comes into an imperfect world to make it livable.

  A. Where love exists, we can tolerate imperfection.

  B. We can find love only in an imperfect world.

  C. Love changes the undesirable to the desirable.

  D. Love makes the world perfect.

  49. We[Americans] view friendship more tentatively, subject to changes in intensity as people move, change their jobs, marry, or discover new interests.

  A. Americans don‘t think that friendship can and should remain unchanging.

  B. Americans think that in this changing world no friendship can stay stable.

  C. Americans prefer anything new and they are constantly looking for new things including friends.

  D. Americans look upon friendship as temporary; they don‘s believe there can be true and lifelong friends.

  50. But in an old man who has known human joys and sorrows and has done whatever work it was in him to do, the fear of death. is somewhat ignoble.

  A. It is wrong for old people, who know what joys and sorrows mean and who have made great contributions, to fear death.

  B. Old people who have gone through all kinds of human experience and done what they can should not be afraid of death.

  C. Old people who have experienced both success and failure, and have done useful work for society, do not usually fear death.

  D. It is shameful for old people, who have had both joyful and painful experiences and have worked hard, to be afraid of death.

  Ⅳ。 阅读理解。认真阅读下列两篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并将正确选项的字母写在答题纸的相应位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Read the two passages and answer the questions. (10 points)

  Passage 1

  In a class I teach for adults, I recently assigned the students to “go to someone you love within the next week and tell them you love them. It has to be someone you have never said those words to before or at least haven‘t shared those words with for a long time. ”

  At the beginning of our next class, I asked if someone wanted to share what happened when they told someone they loved them. I expected one of the women to volunteer, as was usually the case, but one of the men raised his hand. He appeared quite moved and a bit shaken.

  He began by saying,“Dennis, I was quite angry with you last week when you gave us this assignment. I didn‘t feel that I had anyone to say those words to, and besides, who were you to tell me to do something so personal? But as I was driving home my conscience started talking to me. It was telling me that I knew exactly who I needed to say ’I love you‘to . You see, five years age, my father and I had a vicious disagreement and never really resolved it ever since. We avoided seeing each other unless we absolutely had to at Christmas or other family gatherings. But even then, we hardly spoke to each other. So, by the time I got home I had convinced myself I was going to tell my father I loved him.

  “It‘s odd, but just making that decision seemed to lift a heavy load off my chest.

  “When I got home, 1 rushed into the house to tell my wife what I was going to do. When I finished, she hugged me, and for the first time in our married life she saw me cry, We stayed up half the night drinking coffee and talking. It was great.

  “The next morning I was up early and bright. I was so excited that I could hardly sleep. I got to the office early and accomplished more in two hours than I had the whole day before.

  “At 9:00 I called my dad to see if I could come over after work. When he answered the phone, I just said, ‘Dad, can I come over after work tonight? I have something to tell you’My dad responded reluctantly,‘Now what?’I assured him it wouldn‘t take long, so he finally agreed.

  “At 5:30, when I rang the doorbell of my parents‘ house, I prayed that Dad would answer the door, As luck would have it, he did.

  “I didn‘t waste any time-I took one step in the door and said, ’Dad, I just came over to tell you that I love you. ‘

  “Dad‘s face softened, the wrinkles seemed to disappear and he began to cry, He reached out and hugged me and said, ’I love you too, son, but I‘ve never been able to say it. ’

  “Mom came over with tears in her eyes. I waved and blew her a kiss, Dad and I hugged for a moment longer and then I left. I hadn‘t felt that great for a long time.

  “But that‘s not even my point. Two days after that visit, my dad, who had heart trouble but didn’t tell me, had an attack and ended up in the hospital, unconscious. I don‘t know if he’ll make it.

  “So my message to all of you in this class is this: Don‘t wait to do the things that you know need to be done. Take the time to do what you need to do and do it now!

  51. To whom did the teacher assign the class to say, “I love you”?

  A. Their father of mother whom they had once fiercely disagreed with.

  B. An elderly member of their family they hadn‘t spoken to for a long time.

  C. Someone they loved but had never, or for a long time expressed their love.

  D. Their nearest and dearest whom they had offended but not yet apologized to.

  52. Why was the man angry with the teacher when the latter gave the class that assignment?

  A. The teacher treated adult students as if they were children.

  B. He felt that he didn‘t have to say these words to anyone he knew.

  C. He thought the teacher shouldn‘t tell the class to do such a thing.

  D. The assignment reminded him of something he felt guilty about.

  53. The man made up his mind to say to his father “I love you”after

  A. he thought about the assignment.

  B. class while he was driving home.

  C. his anger with the teacher died down.

  D. he talked it over with his wife at home.

  54. “It‘s odd, but just making that decision seemed to lift a heavy load off my chest.” The sentence means that

  A. the man was relieved of his guilty conscience because of the decision.

  B. though he didn‘t speak to his father the man had been worrying about him.

  C. the man had been suffering from lung disease since he quarrelled with his father.

  D. the vicious disagreement five years before had severely affected the old man‘s hear.

  55. If the man hadn‘t said those words to his father, he might have never had a chance to do it because

  A. shortly after that his father was taken to hospital.

  B. his father died of heart failure just two days later.

  C. his father lost consciousness and might never regain it.

  D. after a heart attack, his father couldn‘t recognize anyone.

  Passage 2

  All of us communicate with one another verbally as well as non-verbally. Most of the time we are not aware that we‘re doing it. We knit our eyebrows or wave a hand, meet someone else’s eyes or look away, shift positions in a chair. We make these movements unconsciously. But researchers have discovered in recent years that there is a system to them almost as consistent (一致的) and comprehensible as language.

  Every culture has its body language. A Frenchman talks and moves in French. The way an Englishman crosses his legs is nothing like the way a male American does it. In talking , Americans are likely to end a statement with a droop of the head or hand, a lowering of the eyelids. They wind up a question with a lift of the hand or a widening of the eyes. With a future-tense verb they often gesture with a forward movement.

  There are regional idioms (方式) too; an expert can sometimes pick out a native of Wisconsin just by the way he uses his eyebrows during conversations. You sex, ethnic background, social class and personal style all influence your body language. Nevertheless, you move and gesture within the American idiom.

  The person who is truly bilingual (双语的) is also bilingual in body language. New York‘s famous mayor, Fiorello La Guardian, politicked (竞选市长活动) in English, Italian and Yiddish. When films of his speeches are run without sound. it’s not too difficult to identify from his gestures the language he was speaking. One of the reasons English-dubbed (英语配音) foreign films often seem flat is that the gestures don‘s match the language.

  Usually, the wordless communication acts to qualify the words. What the non-verbal elements express very often, and very efficiently, is the emotional side of the message. When a person feels liked or disliked, often it‘s a case of“not what he said but the way he said it.” Psychologist Albert Mehrabian has worked out this formula (公式): total impact of a message = 7 percent verbal+38 percent vocal+55 percent facial. The importance of the voice can be seen when you consider that even the words “I have you” can be made to sound sexy.

  Experts in the study of communication through body movement are not prepared to spell out a precise vocabulary of gestures. When an American rubs his nose, it may mean he is disagreeing with someone or rejecting something. But there are other possible interpretations, too. Another example: when a student in conversation with a professor looks the older man in the eye a little longer than is usual, it can be a sign of respect and affection; it can be a subtle challenge to the professor‘s authority; or it can be something else entirely. The expert looks for patterns in the context, not for an isolated meaningful gesture.

  56. In the first paragraph, which of the following actions is NOT mentioned as a way of non-verbal communications?

  A. Raising our eyebrows.

  B. Making eye contact.

  C. Changing positions in a chair.

  D. Crying in a low voice.

  57. According to linguists, people‘s gestures are

  A. random and incidental.

  B. consistent and comprehensible.

  C. subtle and isolated.

  D. precise and sexy.

  58. All of the following statements are true of Americans EXCEPT that they

  A. start a question with widened eyes.

  B. have their forward movements in future-tense verbs.

  C. cross their legs in a different way that Englishmen do.

  D. tend to droop their heads or hands to conclude a statement.

  59. In paragraph 3, which of the following is NOT a factor that influences one‘s body language?

  A. Sex.

  B. Educational background.

  C. Social status.

  D. Personal style.

  60. Non-verbal communication

  A. always expresses the message efficiently.

  B. usually doesn‘t match the language.

  C. sometimes isolates a meaning.

  D. often shows the speaker‘s true emotions.

  PART TWO

  Ⅴ。 词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets. (10 points)

  61. When Mr. and Mrs. Dell asked their son what he wanted to do, young Michael said,“To _____with IBM. (competition)

  62. All skills require constant _______to become second nature; good manners are no exception. (repeat)

  63. At that time they believed that the only known _______for radiation sickness was rest. (treat)

  64. When he reached home, he found his family sitting in the living-room ,staring at one another.(speech)

  65.“I knew all along we couldn‘t get a _______ answer from him. ”Jack said after the man left. (sense)

  66. However hard they tried, they couldn‘t overcome the _______differences between them. (deep, root)

  67. Just like diseases of the body, bad habits and vices of the mind are more _______prevented than cursed. (easy)

  68. At college he began to have fancy ideas of the _______of a challenging career. (possible)

  69. Back from shopping that afternoon, my daughter _______reported to me that she had spent ten dollars on a bottle of hair shampoo for herself. (duty)

  70. The mother fainted when a policeman came and brought the _______news of her son‘s arrest. (heart, break)

  Ⅵ。 句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。如括号内有特定要求,请按要求答题。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)

  Translate the following sentences into English. (15 points)

  71. 我真后悔中学没有学到真正重要的东西。

  72. 真爱的付出是不附带条件的。

  73. 严格地说,一项发明创造几乎不可能只是任何一个人的产物。

  74. 我们对新搬来的邻居一无所知,只知道他毕业于清华大学。(用except)

  75. 他坐在起居室里,两手放在大腿上。(用独立主格结构)

  Ⅶ。 作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字的短文。(本题要求写成短文形式,15分)

  Write a short composition based on one of the texts you have learned in about 150 words.

  Topic: What kind of person do you think the father was in the story

  “Who Shall Dwell?”

 

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