I. 词法、词汇。用适当的词填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出一个正确答案，并在答题纸上将所选答案的字母涂黑。（本大题共25小题，每小题1分，共 25分）Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. （25 points）
1. Friendship is almost ______ union of a part of one mind with a part of another.
A. / B. the
C. a D. an
2. ______ a large collection of works of science in Chinese， this library also keeps many science books in foreign languages.
A. Except B. Except for
C. In reference to D. In addition to
3. It is not always easy to distinguish ______ words which look or sound alike or which have similar meanings.
A. / B. from
C. between D. from among
4. I really ______ go back to work tomorrow， but I feel so bad that I have decided to stay in bed for a few more days.
A. ought to B. can
C. will D. may
5.She did not hear what you said because she ______ in her reading.
A. was absorbed B. absorbed
C. is absorbed D. has been absorbed
6.I voted for the proposal though ______ did.
A. anyone else B. somebody else
C. someone else D. nobody else
7.The enemy dropped hundreds of bombs over the city， ______ many deaths and great destruction.
A. cause B. caused
C. causing D. having caused
8. Athletes ______ at the Olympic Games are supposed to be nonprofessionals.
A. who compete B. who are competing
C. who will compete D. who have competed
9. ______ Jack wouldn‘t take up the job， we might as well ask Richard to do it.
A. For B. Since
C. While D. Though
10. “You haven‘t been to the Niagara Falls？”
“______， I haven‘t.”
A. Of course not B. No
C. Yes D. Certainly
11. They have abandoned city life and settled in the country， living on ______ in the fields.
A. what they grow B. that they grow
C. how they grow D. which they grow
12.I ______ this three-room apartment without the money I borrowed from the bank.
A. needn‘t have bought B. mustn’t have bought
C. shouldn‘t have bought D. couldn’t have bought
13. Your explanation was ______ satisfactory； you didn‘t tell us the truth.
A. far from B. far away
C. farther from D. farther away
14. The trashman‘s neighbors consider him highly ______ as he does work society needs.
A. respectable B. respectful
C. respective D. respected
15. He made ______ efforts for his degree examination and succeeded.
A. constant B. stable
C. steady D. regular
16. As an experienced driver， he often warns beginners not to ______ any risk.
A. receive B. take
C. accept D. try
17. The Chinese handicrafts he brought home are popular ______ his American friends.
A. with B. within
C. in D. to
18. The title of the 35th Nurse of the Year was granted to Miss Helen Taylor， who had devoted herself ______ nursing for forty years.
A. in B. into
C. to D. onto
19. He is ______ of an expert on international law.
A. something B. anything
C. everything D. nothing
20. China attaches great importance ______ the relationships with her neighbouring countries.
A. onto B. in
C. to D. into
21. He tried to appear calm， but his trembling voice gave him ______.
A. up B. away
C. in D. off
22. Many people have exaggerated ______ computers are capable of.
A. that B. which
C. what D. how
23.He was accused ______ drunken driving and was facing up to six months in prison.
A. with B. against
C. of D. by
24. The kindhearted couple decide to ______ the child whose parents had been killed in an accident.
A. adopt B. adapt
C. adjust D. admit
25. I wouldn‘t study abroad. For one thing， I can’t afford the expenses； ______ I don‘t think I can get used to life there.
A. for other B. for the other
C. for others D. for another
Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. （15 points）
Most living things undergo two types of biological change during their lifetime. One is
26 ， an increase in the size or efficiency of an organism. The other is aging， which involves a 27 in size or efficiency.
Sings of aging 28 in most people between the age of 30 and 40. Heredity （遗传） determines most of the ways a person changes while aging， but environment also 29 a role. All the senses decline with age. For example， the eyes cannot adapt 30 darkness， and they require brighter light for reading. In women especially， bones lose calcium（钙） and become more likely to 31 .
Many people believe that with advancing age， an individual loses the 32 to learn， remember， and make decisions. But 33 disease or injury damages the brain， a healthy elderly person 34 remains physically and mentally active probably suffers 35 serious decline in mental capacity.
No one fully understands the aging process. Some scientists 36 that human aging will ever be controlled. Others believe that aging can be conquered. They note that several species of fish continue to grow until death 37 any signs of aging. Normal human cells can be kept 38 in a laboratory for only a limited time. However， abnormal（非正常的） cells， such as various cancer cells， can live for a long time. If scientists can determine how 39 cells survive， they may gain an insight 40 the process of cell aging.
26. A. development B. growth C. progress D. improvement
27. A. loss B. failure C. reduction D. cut
28. A. appear B. show C. open D. happen
29. A. takes B. makes C. does D. plays
30. A. at B. to C. in D. with
31. A. split B. crash C. break D. bend
32. A. responsibility B. ability C. necessity D. possibility
33. A. unless B. if C. besides D. except
34. A. who B. what C. whom D. which
35. A. neither B. nor C. none D. no
36. A. suspect B. distrust C. doubt D. misunderstand
37. A. as B. despite C. with D. without
38. A. alive B. lively C. live D. living
39. A. so B. such C. much D. many
40. A. through B. towards C. into D. in
Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts.（10 points）
41. Time is treated as if it were tangible.
A. … it were something too tricky to grasp.
B. … it were something solid which you can seize and control.
C. … it were something you can‘t easily see or notice.
D. … it were something that man can never understand.
42. A cross response signals that the parents are in inner conflict.
A. … the parents are usually sorry when they respond angrily.
B. … the parents are sure they are right in responding angrily.
C. … the parents are not certain that the best way is to respond angrily.
D. … the parents are not sure whether or not they should respond angrily.
43. Intellectually， we must admit， he was not of much importance.
A. His mental abilities were about or below average.
B. He was not much respected among intellectuals.
C. His friends thought of him as a good-for-nothing.
D. He was not regarded as a well-informed person.
44. A little girl tramping around in the Pennsylvania woods near her home feels close to the birds and plants and animals. She is at ease with them.
A. She enjoys being close to them.
B. She finds it easy to make friends with them.
C. She feels relaxed and comfortable with them.
D. She regards them as closer friends than humans.
45. What man on earth could deny a child the chance to live？
A. What kind of man could refuse to help a child survive？
B. Is there such a man who could deprive a child of the chance to live？
C. No man should ever refuse to give a child the chance to survive.
D. Only a merciless person would not give a child the chance to survive.
46. Even when you have doubts about people， act as if they are worthy of your best manners.
A. … treat them politely.
B. … speak as politely as you can.
C. … show that you are a man of good manners.
D. … tell them that they deserve your best manners.
47. Nothing was too good for that child [Laura].
A. Laura deserved whatever her parents did for her.
B. Laura was a spoilt child and she was hard to please.
C. Laura never took her parents‘ love and care for granted.
D. Laura was untouched no matter what her parents did for her.
48. There is a great deal to be said about the suburb.
A. The suburb has many advantages.
B. The suburb is much talked about.
C. The suburb is a nice area to live in.
D. The suburb attracts many city people.
49.If I care about you. I‘m concerned about your growth， and I hope you will become all that you can become.
A. … you will become what you want to be.
B. … you will eventually become a gifted person.
C. … you will develop all your abilities to the full.
D. … you will be capable of doing all sorts of jobs.
50. No one really expects a vacation trip to produce a close friend.
A. Not everyone believes that people they meet during a holiday trip could become close friends
B. Not everyone thinks close friendship can be developed among fellow travelers during a vacation trip.
C. People everywhere are so eager for friendship that they want to make close friends during a vacation trip.
D. Though they may hope so. people don‘t think it possible to form close friendship during a holiday trip.
Read the two passages and answer the questions.（10 points）
Years age， there was a very wealthy man who， with his devoted young son， shared a passion for art collecting. Together they traveled around the world， adding only the finest art treasures to their collection. The widowed elderly man looked on with satisfaction as his only child became an experienced art collector. The son‘s trained eye and sharp business mind made his father smile with pride as they dealt with art collectors around the world.
A few weeks after his son joined the army， the elderly man received a telegram informing him that his beloved son was missing in action. The art collector anxiously awaited more news， fearing he would never see his son again. Shortly afterwards his fears were confirmed. The young man died while rushing a fellow soldier to safety. Heart-broken and lonely， the old man faced the upcoming Christmas holidays with sadness. The joy of the season—a season that he and his son had so looked forward to in the past—would no longer visit his house.
On Christmas morning， the depressed old man was visited by a soldier with a large package in his hand. The soldier introduced himself as his son‘s friend. “I was the one he was rescuing when he died，” he told the old man. As the two began to talk， the soldier mentioned how the man’s son had told everyone of his—and his father‘s—love of fine artwork. “I’m also an artist，” said the soldier， “and I want to give you this.” As the old man began to unwrap the package， paper gave way to reveal a portrait of the man‘s son. Though the world would never consider it a work of talent， the painting showed the young man’s face in striking detail.
Overcome with emotion， the old man thanked the soldier， promising to hang the portrait above the fireplace. After the soldier departed， the old man set about his task. As he promised， the painting went above the fireplace， pushing aside thousands of dollars worth of paintings. And then the old man sat in his chair and spent Christmas gazing at the gift. In the days that followed， the man learned that his son had rescued dozens of wounded soldiers before a bullet killed him. As stories of his son‘s bravery continued to reach him， fatherly pride and satisfaction began to ease his grief. The painting of his son became his most prized possession. He told his neighbors it was the greatest gift he had ever received.
The following spring， the old man was ill and passed away. The art world was looking forward to an auction（拍卖） on Christmas Day， where， according to the will of the old man， all of his art works would be sold.
The day finally arrived and art collectors from around the world gathered to bid（竞价） on some of the world‘s most spectacular paintings. Dreams could be fulfilled this day； greatness could be achieved as some people could say， “I have the greatest collection.” The auction began with a painting that was not on any museum list. It was the painting of the old man’s son. The auctioneer asked for an opening bid， but the room was silent.
“Who‘ll open the bidding with $100？” he asked. Moments passed in silence. Then from the back of the room came， “Who cares about that painting？ It’s just a picture of his son. Let‘s get on to the good ones.” More voices echoed in agreement. “No， we have to sell this one first，” replied the auctioneer. “Now who’ll take the son？” Finally， a friend of the old man spoke， “Will you take $10 for the painting？ That‘s all I have.” “Will anyone go higher？” called the auctioneer. After more silence he said， “Going once， going twice … Gone！” The gavel（槌） fell. Cheers filled the room and someone shouted， “Now we can get on with it and bid on those treasures！”
The auctioneer looked at the audience and announced that the auction was over. Disbelief quieted the room. Then someone spoke up， “What do you mean？ We didn‘t come here for a portrait of some old man’s son！ What about all of the other paintings？ There are millions of dollars worth of artwork here. We demand an explanation！” The auctioneer replied， “It‘s very simple. According to the will of the father， whoever takes the son … gets it all.”
51. Which of the following indicates the father‘s emotional change concerning the news about his son？
52. Which of the following is NOT true about the son？
A. The art works he and his father had collected were valuable.
B. A close relationship with his father was what he desired.
C. He was successful in business as an art collector.
D. He was a hero admired by his fellow soldiers.
53. The old man hung the portrait of his son above the fireplace because .
A. he expected a high price for it
B. he treasured it more than anything else
C. it was a well-known painting
D. it was painted by his son‘s friend
54. When the auction finally came on Christmas Day， nobody expected that .
A. some paintings were not on any museum list
B. so many people with dreams would come to it
C. a rich man offered only $10 for the portrait of the son
D. the portrait of the son was the first and the only painting to be bid on
55. The best title for the story is .
A. A Father‘s Love
B. A Soldier‘s Bravery
C. A Masterpiece of Art
D. An Auction of Artwork
The migration（迁徙） of birds usually refers to the regular flights between their summer and winter homes. Except for those that nest in the tropics（热带地区）， nearly all North American birds migrate. Some travel great distances while others go only a short way.
This seasonal movement has long been a mystery. Aristotle， an ancient Greek naturalist and philosopher， noticed that geese， swans， doves and many other birds moved to warmer places for winter. He started superstitions that were believed for hundreds of years. For example， he thought that many birds spent winter time sleeping in hollow trees， caves， or beneath the mud in marshes.
Many scientists believe that birds migrate from north to south because of bad weather. These birds began this journey originally because they were driven southward by the advancing ice age.
Many birds feed almost entirely upon insects. Another theory holds that birds migrate to areas with plentiful insects. When winter arrives， insects disappear and the birds would starve unless they moved southward. You may wonder， then， why insect eaters fly north again with the coming of spring， when there are many insects at winter homes.
A more realistic theory is that birds have a lasting impression of the birth place， resulting in a lifelong urge to return to this place each spring.
Recently scientists have found that length of day is the triggering force that prepares many birds for their migratory journeys. The change in length of day brings the birds into breeding condition and causes them to seek their northern nesting grounds.
In North America， it is possible to see migrating birds almost every month of the year. Some birds start south early in July， while others remain north until they are pushed out either by severe weather or by shortage of food. Soon after hardy travelers reach winter homes， other equally hardy migrants start from north on the heels of winter. In their eagerness to reach northern nesting grounds， early spring migrants sometimes arrive too soon and are caught in sudden storm and perish.
Most small birds and a good many larger ones migrate by night. Although most birds seem helpless in the dark， there are good reasons for this night-time travel. Some are poor fliers. Even good fliers may fall easy prey（猎获物） to hawks， which feed and migrate in daylight. Also， night migrants have daylight hours for feeding. Many wading and swimming birds migrate either by day or night. Such birds usually feed at all hours and rarely have to hide from enemies.
56. All the following are possible reasons why birds migrate EXCEPT .
A. bad weather
B. search for food
C. change in length of day
D. escape from enemies
57.According to one of the theories， when the spring comes， migrating birds fly north because .
A. they can not stand the heat of the southern areas
B. home instinct drives them back to their birth places
C. there is not much food at their winter homes
D. dried marshes are not suitable nesting grounds
58. A good many birds migrate by night because .
A. they can see better in darkness
B. they are more energetic at night
C. night-time flight is safer
D. night is longer than day
59. After reading this passage， we can conclude that .
A. man‘s interest in bird migration has always been superstitious
B. bird migration is not completely understood by scientists
C. night migrants are good fliers but their eyesight is poor
D. the tropics is a favorite nesting place for birds
60.The author devotes a better part of this passage to .
A. the reasons why birds migrate
B. the ways in which birds migrate
C. the routes birds take for their migration
D. the dangers birds face during their journeys
Complete each of the following sentences with a （compound） word derived from the one（s） given in brackets.（10 points）
61. The will help to improve the treatment of AIDS patients.（discover）
62. The of the party is standing at the door， greeting her guests.（host）
63. It is to believe that one‘s whole life is plain sailing.（child）
64. A is not believed when he speaks the truth.（lie）
65. He is the most father I have ever seen.（tolerate）
66. She ordered a cake for her parents‘ 30th wedding anniversary.（heart， shape）
67. The snowstorm caused great to the villagers.（convenience）
68. He must have his dictionary again —he never puts anything in its right place.（place）
69. She will never in haste after her first marriage ended in failure.（marry）
70. All things are related with and on each other.（act）
Translate the following sentences into English.（15 points）
Write a short composition of about 150 words based on one of the texts you have learnt.（15 points）
TOPIC： How Cliff Evans Became a Zero
The text you should base your composition on is “Cipher in the Snow”。
Use the following outline as a guide.
1. His family and his treatment at home
2. His life at school