Ⅰ。Vocabulary and Structure（10 points，1 point for each）
1.Almost everything a manager does _______ decisions； indeed， some suggest thatthe management process is decision making.
2.Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space _____which matter has fallen and ________ which nothing can escape.
[C] out of…from
3.American men don‘t cry because it is considered not ________ of men to do so.
4.At the end of 1994 the British Government introduced new measures to help ________ domestic workers from abuse by their employers.
5.Robots differ from automatic machines ______ after completion of one specifictask， they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one.
[A] so that
[B] in which
[C] given that
[D] in that
6.The specific use of leisure ________ from individual to individual.
7.Coffee delays the body clock in the morning， and advances ________ at night.
[C] the coffee
[D] the body
8.Nations are ______ as “aged” when they have 7 per cent or more of their peopleaged 65 or above.
9.It is touching to see how a cat or dog—especially a dog—________ itselfto family and wants to share in all its goings and comings.
10.You needn‘t ________ him about this since he could find out for himself.
[B] be telling
[C] have told
[D] have to tell
Ⅱ。Cloze Test（10 points， 1 point for each）
Decisions about housing can influence the quality of your future life.Individualand family needs change（11）the time，and housing should be flexible enough to（12）these changing needs. The plan go buy a home may be（13）of the most impo-rtant financial decisions a person（14）makes. The plan to buy a home is（15）to present and future income.Rental housing， while not requiring（16）large ini-tial investment， still takes a large portion of a family‘s monthly budget.
Housing provides a setting（17）day-to-day living. Housing， furnishings， and eq-uipment must be planned with present and future needs and interests taken into（18）。 Some people acquire furnishings and equipment before they move into theirown home.Family size， health，and income are（19）the factors influencing housingchoices.Housing shortages in many parts of the country seriously（20）the freedomof choice in securing shelter.Many families move， and housing may not be permanent.
11. [A]by [B]on [C]over [D]at
12. [A]meet [B]reach [C]seek [D]catch
13. [A]such [B]that [C]one [D]each
14. [A]still [B]yet [C]even [D]ever
15. [A]saved [B]tied [C]spent [D]cost
16. [A]so a [B]a so [C]such a [D]a such
17. [A]to [B]for [C]with [D]from
18. [A]amount [B]account [C]access [D]average
19. [A]between [B]within [C]among [D]across
20. [A]avoid [B]encourage [C]limit [D]extend
Ⅲ。Reading Comprehension（30 points， 2 pints for each）
Question 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. Art， said Picasso， is a lie that makes us realize the truth. So is a map. We donot usually associate the precise work of the map maker with a fanciful objectof art. Yet a map has many qualities that a painting or a poem has. It is truthrealized in a symbolic way， holding meanings it does not express on the surface.And like work of art， it requires imaginative reading.Thus， map and reality are not， and cannot be， identical. No aspect of map use is so obvious yet so often overlooked. Most map reading mistakes occur because the user forgets this vitalfact and expects a one-to-one correspondence between map and reality.A map，likea painting， is just one special version of reality. To understand a painting， you must have some idea of the medium which was used by the artist. You wouldn‘texpect a water color to look anything like an oil painting or a charcoal（木碳）drawing， even if the subject matter of all three were identical.In the same way，the techniques used to create maps will greatly influence the final representa-tion. As a map reader， you should always be aware of the invisible hand of the map maker.Never use a map without asking yourself how it has been biased by themethods used to make it.If the entire map making process operates at its full potential， communication takes place between the map maker and the user.The mapmaker translates reality into the clearest possible picture under the circumst-ances， and the map reader converts this picture back into an impression of the environment.For such communication to take place，the map reader as the map makermust know something about how maps are created.
21. Map is a lie _________ .
[A] that has little truth in it
[B] that few of us believe
[C] that we use to express the truth
[D] that cheats people in a tricky way
22. Map resembles art in that ________ .
[A] they are both absolute lies
[B] they are both precise as well as fanciful
[C] they must be read with imagination
[D] they both express meanings in a superficial way
23. Most map reading mistakes occur because ________ .
[A] the map is not made according to reality
[B] there are obvious differences between the map and reality
[C] the user forgets the one-to-one correspondence between the map and reality
[D] the user overlooks the gap between the map and reality
24.“the invisible hand of the map maker”（in Paragraph 3）refers to ________ .
[A] the techniques used to create maps
[B] the subject matter of the map
[C] the symbols used in the map
[D] the final representation of the map
25. The last paragraph describes mainly ________ .
[A] how maps are created
[B] what the communication between the map maker and the reader is
[C] how the map maker translates reality into a picture
[D] how the reader converts the picture back into reality
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. Music which is original is individual and personal. That is to say， it can be identified as belonging to a particular composer.It has particular qualities， or a style， which are not copied from another. If you can recognize the style of a composer， you will probably be able to tell that a certain composition be-longs to him or her even though you have never heard it before. A basket-maker has the skill of weaving and interweaving his materials to create colorful pat-terns， and an expert carpenter（木匠）has the skill of joining together differ-ent shapes and sizes of wood to make a beautiful piece of furniture.These skillsmay be referred to as “workmanship”（技艺）。Similarly， in music a composer org-anizes his melodies（旋律）and rhythms and combines sounds to create harmony. Acomposer may be capable of thinking up very good， original tunes， yet if tunes are poorly organized， that is，if the workmanship is poor， the final result willnot be to standard.Good music expresses feelings in a way that is suitable to those feelings. There may e joy，sorrow，fear，love， anger，or whatever. Bad music，on the other hand，may confuse unrelated feelings，it may not express any importantfeeling at all， or it may exaggerate some feelings and make them vulgar， that is，cheap and ugly.Good music will stand the test of time.It will not go out of fas-hion but will continue to be enjoyed and respected long after it is first intro-duced. It will gain a kind of permanent status while bad music will disappear andbe forgotten quickly. In pop music， where the general rule seems to be“the newerthe better”， the test of time is the hardest test of all to pass.
26. A piece of original music ________.
[A] has a personal style
[B] sounds very familiar to our ears
[C] is one whose style you cannot recognize
[D] can not be recognized as belonging to any composer
27. We can see good workmanship in ________.
[A] different shapes and size of furniture
[B] materials for creating colourful patterns
[C] a piece of music with its melodies and rhythms organized in harmony
[D] a piece of music with very good， original tunes mixed together
28. A piece of music can be said to be good if _________.
[A] it helps to while away the hours
[B] it combines different rhythms and sounds
[C] it makes people forget their sorrows and worries quickly
[D] it expresses a certain feeling in a proper way
29.According to the last paragraph，“the test of time is the hardest of all to pass”suggests that ________.
[A] the newer the music is， the harder it can pass the test of time
[B] it is most difficult for music to gain a kind of permanent status
[C] pop music will cease to be enjoyed soon after it is introduced
[D] good music needn‘t pass the test of time
30.This passage is concerned with ________.
[A] how to compose music
[B] how to enjoy music
[C] how to judge music
[D] how to perform music
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
To be“historically minded”is to see things I relation and in perspective， andto judge tolerantly.We must remember how differently men have thought and actedin different times.We must always keep an open mind，ready to receive and weigh new evidence. If we grasp this idea， we will never think that a historian（历史学家）is someone who can remember dates. That childish idea is like calling a man a statesman（政治家）because he can remember the names of voters in his di-strict. A waiter could remember more names and a telephone operator more numbersthan the greatest historian.The true historian is not content to take all his f-acts from other historians. Today he makes sure that his statements are based onsound“documents”or“sources”which go back to the time of the facts themselves.But the historian needs always to be in his guard not to be misled by his sources.A document may not be a real one.Its author may be lying on purpose for some rea-son. He may be so greatly influenced by national， religious， party， or personal backgrounds as to be totally unfair to the other side. If honest， he may be mis-informed as to the facts and mistaken in his inferences.Anyone who reads the ac-counts published in the different countries concerning the causes and results ofwars will realize that the historian needs caution and training in handling thesesources.The trained historian asks first：“Did this writer mean to tell the truth？”and second：“Was he in a position or frame of mind to tell the truth even if he wants to？”Every statement must be patiently weighed and tested and combined withall other available information in order to get at the truth.
31. A“historically minded”researcher _________.
[A] always keeps an open mind to history
[B] looks at one historical event without relating it to another
[C] sees things from a single point of view
[D] refuses to accept new evidence
32. In Paragraph 1 the author means to illustrate that ________.
[A] different men think and act differently
[B] the study of history is not merely a matter of remembering dates
[C] a statesman can remember the names of voters in his district
[D] a waiter can remember more names than the great historians
33. The true historian should base his statements on ________.
[A] findings of other historians
[B] documents created at the present time
[C] his own inferences
[D] sound historical materials
34. Which of the following is the topic of Paragraph 3？
[A] Some historical documents may not be real.
[B] Some authors may not be honest.
[C] Historians should be careful about their sources.
[D] Historians may be influenced by their own background.
35. It is emphasized in the last paragraph that ________.
[A] wars are accounted for differently in different countries
[B] the historian needs caution and training in dealing with his sources
[C] some writers may not be telling the truth
[D] some writers may not be in a position or frame of mind to tell the truth
Ⅳ。Word Spelling（10 points， 1 point for two words）
Ⅴ。Word Form（10 point， 1 point for each）
56. Much of the carbon in the earth _______（come）from things that once lived.
57. China is not what she _______（use）to be.
58. In the past two decades， research ______（expand）our knowledge about sleep and dreams.
59.If you cannot understand， ask：“Would you mind ______（rephrase）the question， please？”
60. Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially make toy weapons ________（bring）into the classroom.
61.Robots，already taking over human tasks in the automotive field，are beginning________（see）in other industries as well.
62. Let us consider the earth as a planet ________（revolve）round sun.
63. Television ads _________ usually ________（repeat）over and over again.
64. The more time you waste， the ________（easy）it is to continue wasting time.
65. I would rather he ________（buy）the house next year.
Ⅵ。Translation from English into Chinese（15 points）
Although students of all subjects are judged by their performance in course workand examinations， they may be given little or
no advice on study， revision or examination techniques.
Those who know that they are working hard， yet feel that they are not doing as well as they could either in course work or examinations， are likely to benefitmost from straightforward advice-because they know that they need help. However，students who are satisfied with their progress can also be helped to do even better work， just as talented athletes（运动员）can improve their performance whenwell coached.It would obviously be best， therefore， in their first few weeks at college， if all students were to consider how to use their study and leisure time.Learning to work effectively（to think， understand， select， organize， and explainor remember）would help them not only at college but also in any career.