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2000年10月全国高等教育自考考试英语(二)试题

2005-06-14 00:00   【 】【我要纠错

  本试题分两部分。第一部分选择题,1页至6页,第二部分为非选择题,7页至8页,共8页;选择题50分,选择题50分,满分100分。]

  [考试时间150分钟。全部题目用英文作答(英文翻译题除外),并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不记分。]

  PARTONE

  Ⅰ。VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeach)

  从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答案纸上将相应的字母涂黑。

  1.Shewasmore____________thanfrightened.

  A、surprising

  B、interested

  C、hated

  D、surprised

  2.Theattentionofthepublicwascontinually____________tonew

  possibilitiesinscientificfieldsandthediscoveryofnewknowledge.

  A、applied

  B、drawn

  C、referred

  D、thrown

  3.Few,____________any,livetheirliveswithoutsomedegreeofunhappiness

  andsuffering.

  A、like

  B、except

  C、if

  D、when

  4.Manywomenaretooconcerned____________stayingthinandtheybelieve

  thatvitaminsaresomekindofmagiccuretoreplacefood.

  A、of

  B、by

  C、with

  D、on

  5.Ineducation,thereshouldbeagoodbalanceamongthebranchesof

  knowledgethatcontribute____________effectivethinkingandwisejudgment.

  A、at

  B、in

  C、for

  D、to

  6.____________thenumbersinemployment,thehotelindustrywasthesecond

  largestindustryinthiscountrylastyear.

  A、Inlinewith

  B、Intermsof

  C、Inaccordancewith

  D、Inproportionto

  7.AirtravelissoquicknowadaysthatwecanleaveLondonafterbreakfast

  andarriveinNewYork____________eighthours.

  A、in

  B、for

  C、after

  D、until

  8.Itisalsotruethattheeffectofadrugismuch____________upon

  youngstersthanadults.

  A、bigger

  B、fewer

  C、greater

  D、little

  9.Becausethereading____________inmostcollegecoursesareveryheavy,

  studentsshouldplantoreadeveryday.

  A、assignments

  B、schedules

  C、activities

  D、programs

  10.Forlong-timeefficiencyandhappinessitisbesttoobservethe

  ____________ofhealthandsoundworkingconditions.

  A、principles

  B、ideas

  C、elements

  D、factors

  Ⅱ。ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeach)

  下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母的字母涂黑。

  AlthoughAmericaninformality(不拘礼节)iswellknown,manynewvisitors

  thinkthatitindicatesa“lackofrespect.”Thisisespeciallytrueinthe

  businessworld.Americansoftenusefirstnames11meetingastrangeranddo

  notalwaysshakehands.Theyoftenjustsmileandsay“Hi”or“Hello,”12

  thanusingamoreformalhandshake.Itisgoodtorememberthattoan

  Americansuchaninformalgreetingreallymeansthe13thingasamore

  formalhandshakesomeplaceelse.14,Americansdonotusuallygivea

  special“farewell”orhandshaketoeachpersonwhentheyleaveapartyor

  businessmeeting.Theywilloftenjustwavegood-byetothewholegroupor

  perhapssay,“Well,solongeverybody,Illseeyoutomorrow.”Theythen

  willleave.15handshakes.Americansseem16totallyhurriedandhard

  workingortotallyinformalandatease.Oftenyouwillseemenworkingat

  officedesks17theirsuitcoatsandties.Theymayleanfarbackintheir

  chairsandevenputtheirfeetuponthedesk18theytalkonthetelephone.

  Thisisnotmeanttoberude.AvisitortotheUnitedStatesshould

  thereforeunderstandthatbeinginagreat19doesnotindicate

  unfriendlinessandbeinginformalandateasedoesnotshowalackof

  respect.Americanshaveagreatrangeofcustomsandhabitsthatat

  firstmayseempuzzlingtoavisitor.In20youwilllearnthesenewways.

  11.

  A、upon

  B、for

  C、as

  D、at

  12.

  A、more

  B、better

  C、rather

  D、other

  13.

  A、such

  B、some

  C、same

  D、whole

  14.

  A、Similarly

  B、However

  C、Therefore

  D、Especially

  15.

  A、Some

  B、Then

  C、So

  D、No

  16.

  A、both

  B、all

  C、either

  D、neither

  17.

  A、with

  B、without

  C、in

  D、on

  18.

  A、while

  B、where

  C、which

  D、because

  19.

  A、worry

  B、trouble

  C、pride

  D、hurry

  20.

  A、time

  B、case

  C、turn

  D、vain

  Ⅲ。ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeach)

  从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。

  PassageOne

  Questions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

  Theeconomiccostsofnoisetosocietyareseveral.Airportsarecurrently

  operatingatlessthancapacitybecauseofnoiseregulationswhichrestrict

  theirhoursofoperation.Forinstance,atWashingtonsNationalAirportno

  jettrafficisallowedfrom11pmto7am.Otherairportsrestricttheuse

  ofcertainrunways.Oneestimateisthatnoiserestrictionsreducepossible

  airportuseby20percent.Theprofitablecargotradeisespeciallyaffected

  bynightrestrictions.

  Inthecaseofairports,jetenginesmaybemodifiedtoreducetheirnoise

  level,orinsulation(隔音)fromairtrafficnoisemaybeprovidedbythe

  purchaseoflandaroundairportsortheinsulationofbuildings.One

  estimateisthat$5.7billionwouldberequiredtoequipallexistingjet

  engineswithnoisecontroldevices.However,consideringthecurrentstate

  oftheart,eventakingthisstepwillnotreducenoiselevelsatallpoints

  toacceptablevalues.Somecombinationofmethodsisprobablynecessary.

  Ifallaircraftweremadequieterbyexistingmethods,therewouldbea

  numberofeconomicbenefits.Anincreaseinairportcapacitywouldoccur.

  Propertyvaluesnearairportsmightrise.Transportationcoststoandfrom

  airportscouldbereducedsincetheairportsnowcouldbelocatedcloserto

  populationcenters.

  Muchresearchstillneedstobedoneontheeconomicaspectsofnoise

  reductionandnoiseeffects.Althoughsomeoftheeffectsofnoisepollution

  areknown,moremustbediscoveredaboutitseffectsonhealth,productivity,

  propertyvaluesandthequalityoflife.Furthermore,thecostofnoise

  pollutioncontroltotheeconomyasawholeneedstobeinvestigated.

  Thepublicmustbealertedtothedangersandeconomiccostsofnoise

  pollutionsothatpeoplemaymakeintelligentchoicesandexertappropriate

  pressures.

  21.ThereisnojettrafficatWashingtonsNationalAirportfrom11pmto7

  ambecause____________.

  A、itisextremelydangeroustoflyinthedark

  B、noiseregulationsrestrictthehoursofairportoperation

  C、someofitsrunwaysarenotingoodcondition

  D、cargoplanesproducedisturbingnoises

  22.“Thecurrentstateoftheart”(inPara.2)means____________.

  A、adevelopedsenseofbeauty

  B、thevolumeofpresent-daytraffic

  C、themostrecentlydevelopedtechnology

  D、insulationofairtrafficnoise

  23.Noisereductioncouldleadto____________.

  A、increasedairportcapacity

  B、lowerpropertyvalues

  C、effectivemodificationofexistingjetengines

  D、moretransportationcoststoandfromairports

  24.WhatisNOTmentionedinthepassage

  A、Psychologicalstrain.

  B、Handlingcapacityofcargo.

  C、Measuresfornoisereduction.

  D、Publicpressures.

  25.Theauthorofthepassageisconcernedprimarilywith____________.

  A、theeffectsofnoiseonthequalityoflife

  B、theroleofairtrafficrestrictions

  C、theproductionofquieterengines

  D、theeconomicaspectsofnoisereduction

  PassageTwo

  Questions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

  Duringastateofdeeprelaxation,severalphysiologicalchangestakeplace

  inthebody:thebodysoxygenconsumptionisreduced;theheartbeat

  decreases;muscletensionandsweatingease,andthereisdecreased

  sympathetic(交感的)nervoussystemactivity.Thisrestfulstatenotonly

  allowsthebodytorepairandrestoreitself,butithasacalmingeffecton

  theconsciousness.

  Howtoachievethisstateofrelaxation,however,isamatterofopinion,

  andinsomemedicalcircles,amatterofcontroversy(争论)。Arecentreport

  byDr.DavidHolmesoftheUniversityofKansasinthejournal“American

  Psychologist“saidthatsimplysittinginanarmchairhasjustasmany

  beneficialcharacteristicsforthebodyasmeditation(冥想)does.

  Researchersofotherrelaxationtechniquesdisagree.Theseexpertsbelieve

  thatmorestructuredtechniques,suchasmeditation,leadtoacondition

  ofdeeprelaxation.

  Thedebategoeson,butonethingappearstobeclear:therelaxation

  responsecanbereachedbyanumberofmethods,andthemethodsthemselves

  arenotasimportantasgettingthere.Oneday,onemethodmayworkbest;on

  anotherday,analternativemethodmaybemoreappropriate.Onceyouare

  awareofallthemethods,youcanfindtheonethatworksbestforyou.

  Someoftherelaxationtechniquesaremeditation,autoanalysis(自我心理分析)

  andprogressivemusclerelaxation.Althoughthesetechniquesmaynot,inthe

  end,producemoreofarelaxationresponsethanjustsittingquietlyina

  chair,theyhavetheaddedbenefitofstructureanddiscipline,andfor

  thesereasonsappeartobemoreeffectiveformostindividuals.

  26.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrue

  whenapersonisinastateofdeeprelaxation

  A、Thebodytakesinlessoxygen.

  B、Theheartbeatslessfrequently.

  C、Musclesbecometenseandthebodysweatseasily.

  D、Theconsciousnessbecomesmoreorlesscalmed.

  27.Peopleseemtoagreethat____________.

  A、sittinginanarmchairbenefitsapersonasmeditationdoes

  B、structuredrelaxationtechniquesaremorebeneficialforaperson

  C、toachieveastateofdeeprelaxationispossiblethroughvariousmeans

  D、whatpeopleareallstrugglingforisastateofdeeprelaxation

  28.Inthethirdparagraph,thephrase“gettingthere”means____________.

  A、arrivingatonesdestination

  B、gettingwhatonewantsmost

  C、findingoutasuitablerelaxationtechnique

  D、reachingastateofdeeprelaxation

  29.Asfarrelaxationisconcerned,theauthorindicatesthat____________.

  A、aimsaremoreimportantthanmeans

  B、meansaremoreimportantthanaims

  C、moreandmorepeopleareinterestedinrelaxationtechniques

  D、somerelaxationtechniquesarebetterthanothers

  30.Theauthorsattitudetowardrelaxationdiscussedinthepassageisbest

  describedas____________.

  A、subjective

  B、objective

  C、optimistic

  D、critical

  PassageThree

  Questions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

  Peopleseldomfeelneutralaboutpoetry(诗)。Thosewholoveitsometimes

  givetheimpressionthatitisanadequatesubstituteforfood,shelter,and

  love.Itisnt.Words,nomatterhowsatisfying,areneveranequivalentfor

  lifeitselfanditshumanexperiences.Thosewhodislikepoetryonprinciple

  sometimesclaim,ontheotherhand,thatpoetryisonlywordsandgoodfor

  nothing.Thatsnottrueeither.Itiseasytobecomefrustratedbywords-in

  poetryorinlife-butwhenwordsrepresentandrecreategenuinehuman

  feelings,astheyoftendoinpoetry,theycanbeveryimportant.Poetryis,

  infact,morethanjustwords.Itisanexperienceofwords,andthosewho

  knowhowtoreadpoetrycaneasilyextendtheirexperienceoflife,their

  senseofwhatotherpeoplearelike,theirawarenessofthemselves,and

  theirrangeofhumanfeelings.

  Onereasonpoetrycanbesoimportantisthatitissocloselyconcerned

  withfeelings.Poetryisoftenfullofideas,too,andsometimespoemscan

  bepowerfulexperiencesofthemind,butmostpoemsareprimarilyabouthow

  peoplefeelratherthanhowpeoplethink.Poemsprovide,infact,alanguage

  forfeeling,andoneofpoetrysmostinsistentmeritsinvolvesitsattempt

  toexpresstheinexpressible.Howcananyone,forexample,putintowords

  whatitmeanstobeinloveorwhatitfeelsliketolosesomeoneonecares

  aboutPoetrytries,anditoftencapturesexactlytheshadeofemotionthat

  feelsjustrighttoareader.Nosinglepoemcanbesaidtoexpressallthe

  thingsthatloveordeathfeelslike,ormeans,butoneofthejoysof

  experiencingpoetryoccurswhenwereadapoemandwanttosay,“Yes,that

  isjustwhatitislike;IknowexactlywhatthatlinemeansbutIvenever

  beenabletoexpressitsowell.“Poetrycanbethevoiceofourfeelings

  evenwhenourmindsarespeechlesswithgrieforjoy.

  31.“Peopleseldomfeelneutralaboutpoetry”(inPara.1)inthiscontext

  meansthat____________.

  A、fewpeoplethinkthatpoetryisneutral

  B、peoplealwaysdifferintheirviewsaboutpoetry

  C、peoplerarelytakeabiasedopinionaboutpoetry

  D、peoplegenerallythinkofpoetryasextremelyimportantortotally

  useless

  32.Theauthorsuggeststhat____________.

  A、poetrytendstomakethereaderdisappointed

  B、poetrymakesitsreaderssentimental

  C、poetryismoreimportantthanwords

  D、poetryoftencapturesrealhumanfeelings

  33.Accordingtotheauthor,poetry____________.

  A、ismorethanjustwords

  B、isthepoetsfeelingsaboutwords

  C、isanythingbutpatternsoflines

  D、isanexperimentontheuseofwords

  34.Poetrytries,persistently,toexpress____________.

  A、whatloveanddeathmean

  B、whatpeoplethinkaboutthemselves

  C、whatpeoplefeelbutfindithardtodescribe

  D、howpeoplegothroughlife

  35.Thispassageismainlyabout____________.

  A、thestructureofpoetry

  B、thecomponentsofpoetry

  C、thenatureandimportanceofpoetry

  D、theappreciationofpoetry

  PARTTWO

  Ⅳ。WordSpelling(10points,1pointfortwowords)

  将下列汉语单调成英语并写在答题纸上。每个词的词类和第一个字母已在答题纸上给出。首字母后的每条短线上只写一个字母。

  36.护照

  37.目标

  38.邮费

  39.海洋

  40.削弱

  41.月亮的

  42.检查,视察

  43.集体宿舍

  44.债务

  45.基本的

  46.内容

  47.熟悉的

  48.慷慨的

  49.邀请

  50.发明者

  51.菜单

  52.明显的

  53.不论如何,不顾

  54.智慧

  55.女主人

  Ⅴ。WordForm(10point,1pointforeach)

  将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。答案写在答题花。

  56.Amancannotbereallyhappyifwhatheenjoys____________(do)is ignoredbysocietyasofnovalueorimportance.

  57.Someproverbs____________(be)inthelanguagefor1,000years,for example,Afriendinneedisafriendindeed.

  58.Anyone____________(want)tounderstandtheindustryofthefuturewill havetoknowaboutrobotics.

  59.Thenationsthat____________actively____________(involve)in earthquakepredictionprogramsincludeJapan,China,Russia,andtheUnited States.

  60.Itisawell-knowfactthatapersonwillmoveinacirclewhenhecannot usehiseyes____________(control)hisdirection.

  61.In1991,aftertheGulfWar,Bushsapprovalratingreached91percent,thehighestlevelrecordedsincepolling____________(begin)inthe1930s.

  62.Asresearchtechniquesbecomemoreadvanced,thenumberofanimals ____________(use)inexperimentsmaydecrease.

  63.Seeingviolenceontelevisionorreadingaboutitinthenewspapersevery day____________(make)ustoleratecrimemorethanweshould.

  64.The____________(far)awaywegetfromtheearth,thethinnertheair becomes.

  65.Theydemandedthattherighttovote____________(give)toeveryadult person.

  Ⅵ。TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(15points,3pointsforeach)

  将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。

  66.快速旅行对人体的影响比我们意识到的要大得多。

  67.一个社会的人口增长率越接近零,其人口便越老龄化。

  68.据说那个病人曾要求医生助他一死。

  69.机器人将要在哪些领域替代人的工作呢

  70.几年前被认为不可能实施的手术现在医院都能做。

  Ⅶ。TranslationformEnglishintoChinese(15points)

  将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。

  Ifyouonlyneedtotravelashortdistance,quickestwaytotravelinmost citiesisonfoot.Duringworkinghoursthetrafficisveryheavyonmost citystreets,sometimescomingtoacompletestopinplaces.Asaresult,manypeopleprefertowalk.Youshouldthereforebeawareofsomeofthe trafficlaws.Itisagainstthelawinmanycitiestocrossthestreet atanyplaceexceptatthecorner.Youshouldnotcrossthestreetunless thereisagreentrafficlightfacinginthedirectionyouplantocross.In smalltowns,theserulesmaynotbefollowedasclosely,becausethetraffic isusuallynotsoheavy.

  However,thepurposeofthelawsistoprovideforthesafetyandprotection ofthepeople.Obeyingtrafficsignalsisespeciallyimportantifyoucome fromaleft-handdrivecountry.Remembertolookbothwaysforautomobiles whenyoucrossthestreet.

 

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